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OCC1940
Occupation, Unrecoded 1940

Description

OCC1940 reports the person's primary occupation, coded into the original 1940 census classification scheme. The 1940 scheme also includes some non-occupational activities. Generally, the primary occupation is the one from which the person earns the most money; if respondents were not sure about this, they were to report the one at which they spent the most time. Unemployed persons were to give their most recent occupation.

The variable OCC provides a numeric occupational classification that is identical to the OCC1940 scheme. The correspondence between the OCC and OCC1940 codes is recorded in the 1940 Occupation Codes list.

Codes

OCC1940 is a 3-digit alphanumeric variable which reports the person's primary occupation, coded into the original 1940 census classification scheme. The 1940 scheme also includes some non-occupational activities. Generally, the primary occupation is the one from which the person earns the most money; if respondents were not sure about this, they were to report the one at which they spent the most time. Unemployed persons were to give their most recent occupation. For persons listing more than one occupation, the samples use the first one listed. OCC1940 specific variable codes for missing, edited, or unidentified observations, observations not applicable (N/A), observations not in universe (NIU), top and bottom value coding, etc. are provided below if applicable by Census year (and data sample if specified).

OCC1940 Specific Variable Codes
1940 Occupation Codes

Comparability

This variable is only available for 1940.

To increase the comparability of occupations over time, the IPUMS provides OCC1950, which applies a common classification system over time. The OCC1950 variable is discussed at length in "Occupation Codes and Income Scores"

User caution: OCC1940 contains alphabetic characters. See OCC for a numeric classification of occupations.

Universe

No universe descriptions are currently available.

Availability

United States
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Flags

This variable has no flags.

Editing Procedure

There is no editing procedure available for this variable.