CPH-L-162. PERSONS BY POVERTY STATUS IN 1969, 1979, AND 1989, BY STATE

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                                    1969

All Below Percent income poverty below levels level poverty
UNITED STATES, TOTAL 198,059,959 27,124,985 13.7 NORTHEAST 47,931,199 4,820,503 10.1 New England 11,488,630 1,033,081 9.0 Maine 962,333 131,271 13.6 New Hampshire 712,530 64,807 9.1 Vermont 426,226 51,621 12.1 Massachusetts 5,523,939 473,200 8.6 Rhode Island 905,130 99,997 11.0 Connecticut 2,958,472 212,185 7.2 Middle Atlantic 36,442,569 3,787,422 10.4 New York 17,854,680 1,985,954 11.1 New Jersey 7,043,512 573,674 8.1 Pennsylvania 11,544,377 1,227,794 10.6 MIDWEST 55,221,923 5,951,611 10.8 East North Central 39,372,144 3,886,891 9.9 Ohio 10,434,754 1,041,348 10.0 Indiana 5,071,114 493,379 9.7 Illinois 10,864,707 1,112,145 10.2 Michigan 8,697,689 819,438 9.4 Wisconsin 4,303,880 420,581 9.8 West North Central 15,849,779 2,064,720 13.0 Minnesota 3,711,468 397,662 10.7 Iowa 2,743,944 318,605 11.6 Missouri 4,556,830 672,092 14.7 North Dakota 592,871 93,086 15.7 South Dakota 640,631 119,543 18.7 Nebraska 1,436,577 188,235 13.1 Kansas 2,167,458 275,497 12.7 SOUTH 61,051,406 12,388,040 20.3 South Atlantic 29,744,685 5,242,305 17.6 Delaware 532,911 58,155 10.9 Maryland 3,825,999 386,579 10.1 District of Columbia 724,306 123,109 17.0 Virginia 4,458,506 690,615 15.5 West Virginia 1,708,917 380,113 22.2 North Carolina 4,905,849 996,309 20.3 South Carolina 2,489,935 594,938 23.9 Georgia 4,460,755 924,262 20.7 Florida 6,637,507 1,088,225 16.4 East South Central 12,494,486 3,178,571 25.4 Kentucky 3,130,413 718,313 22.9 Tennessee 3,831,231 836,405 21.8 Alabama 3,368,487 857,248 25.4 Mississippi 2,164,355 766,605 35.4 West South Central 18,812,235 3,967,164 21.1 Arkansas 1,880,560 522,969 27.8 Louisiana 3,551,429 932,671 26.3 Oklahoma 2,473,389 464,931 18.8 Texas 10,906,857 2,046,593 18.8 WEST 33,855,431 3,964,831 11.7 Mountain 8,071,947 1,137,716 14.1 Montana 676,437 91,669 13.6 Idaho 695,905 91,578 13.2 Wyoming 323,891 37,868 11.7 Colorado 2,133,176 263,224 12.3 New Mexico 994,258 227,120 22.8 Arizona 1,732,836 264,430 15.3 Utah 1,035,801 118,349 11.4 Nevada 479,643 43,478 9.1 Pacific 25,783,484 2,827,115 11.0 Washington 3,300,222 335,597 10.2 Oregon 2,043,048 234,848 11.5 California 19,425,370 2,152,716 11.1 Alaska 279,970 35,411 12.6 Hawaii 734,874 68,543 9.3
1979
All Below Percent income poverty below levels level poverty
UNITED STATES, TOTAL 220,845,766 27,392,580 12.4 NORTHEAST 47,888,985 5,342,718 11.2 New England 11,956,090 1,144,486 9.6 Maine 1,087,369 140,996 13.0 New Hampshire 891,649 75,364 8.5 Vermont 489,939 59,059 12.1 Massachusetts 5,550,330 532,458 9.6 Rhode Island 914,026 93,959 10.3 Connecticut 3,022,777 242,650 8.0 Middle Atlantic 35,932,895 4,198,232 11.7 New York 17,129,692 2,298,922 13.4 New Jersey 7,231,599 689,491 9.5 Pennsylvania 11,571,604 1,209,819 10.5 MIDWEST 57,383,005 6,009,909 10.5 East North Central 40,714,778 4,179,421 10.3 Ohio 10,567,858 1,088,962 10.3 Indiana 5,341,438 516,190 9.7 Illinois 11,166,068 1,230,541 11.0 Michigan 9,057,409 945,915 10.4 Wisconsin 4,582,005 397,813 8.7 West North Central 16,668,227 1,830,488 11.0 Minnesota 3,960,608 374,956 9.5 Iowa 2,820,271 286,173 10.1 Missouri 4,787,950 582,252 12.2 North Dakota 627,325 79,324 12.6 South Dakota 665,829 112,739 16.9 Nebraska 1,522,776 163,326 10.7 Kansas 2,283,468 231,718 10.1 SOUTH 73,421,320 11,284,586 15.4 South Atlantic 35,960,456 4,996,381 13.9 Delaware 577,145 68,408 11.9 Maryland 4,118,381 404,560 9.8 District of Columbia 610,454 113,356 18.6 Virginia 5,164,784 611,310 11.8 West Virginia 1,914,081 286,995 15.0 North Carolina 5,682,948 839,950 14.8 South Carolina 3,013,707 500,363 16.6 Georgia 5,318,410 884,383 16.6 Florida 9,560,546 1,287,056 13.5 East South Central 14,303,583 2,670,066 18.7 Kentucky 3,559,034 626,240 17.6 Tennessee 4,476,470 736,471 16.5 Alabama 3,813,014 719,905 18.9 Mississippi 2,455,065 587,450 23.9 West South Central 23,157,281 3,618,139 15.6 Arkansas 2,234,514 423,552 19.0 Louisiana 4,104,836 764,848 18.6 Oklahoma 2,933,277 393,866 13.4 Texas 13,884,654 2,035,873 14.7 WEST 42,152,456 4,755,367 11.3 Mountain 11,138,004 1,325,794 11.9 Montana 767,251 94,280 12.3 Idaho 926,257 116,808 12.6 Wyoming 459,732 36,268 7.9 Colorado 2,813,861 284,898 10.1 New Mexico 1,280,599 225,513 17.6 Arizona 2,664,821 351,365 13.2 Utah 1,436,468 148,005 10.3 Nevada 789,015 68,657 8.7 Pacific 31,014,452 3,429,573 11.1 Washington 4,020,181 395,601 9.8 Oregon 2,573,423 274,159 10.7 California 23,106,594 2,626,580 11.4 Alaska 387,222 41,615 10.7 Hawaii 927,032 91,618 9.9
1989
All Below Percent income poverty below levels level poverty
UNITED STATES, TOTAL 241,977,859 31,742,864 13.1 NORTHEAST 49,352,506 5,214,372 10.6 New England 12,771,525 1,080,295 8.5 Maine 1,189,534 128,466 10.8 New Hampshire 1,075,703 69,104 6.4 Vermont 541,372 53,369 9.9 Massachusetts 5,812,415 519,339 8.9 Rhode Island 964,376 92,670 9.6 Connecticut 3,188,125 217,347 6.8 Middle Atlantic 36,580,981 4,134,077 11.3 New York 17,481,762 2,277,296 13.0 New Jersey 7,563,170 573,152 7.6 Pennsylvania 11,536,049 1,283,629 11.1 MIDWEST 58,035,788 6,971,020 12.0 East North Central 40,921,678 4,925,374 12.0 Ohio 10,574,315 1,325,768 12.5 Indiana 5,372,388 573,632 10.7 Illinois 11,143,856 1,326,731 11.9 Michigan 9,077,016 1,190,698 13.1 Wisconsin 4,754,103 508,545 10.7 West North Central 17,114,110 2,045,646 12.0 Minnesota 4,259,456 435,331 10.2 Iowa 2,676,958 307,420 11.5 Missouri 4,970,573 663,075 13.3 North Dakota 613,969 88,276 14.4 South Dakota 670,383 106,305 15.9 Nebraska 1,530,947 170,616 11.1 Kansas 2,391,824 274,623 11.5 SOUTH 83,106,946 13,065,294 15.7 South Atlantic 42,307,193 5,369,423 12.7 Delaware 645,399 56,223 8.7 Maryland 4,660,591 385,296 8.3 District of Columbia 570,826 96,278 16.9 Virginia 5,968,596 611,611 10.2 West Virginia 1,755,331 345,093 19.7 North Carolina 6,397,185 829,858 13.0 South Carolina 3,368,125 517,793 15.4 Georgia 6,299,654 923,085 14.7 Florida 12,641,486 1,604,186 12.7 East South Central 14,774,844 2,781,411 18.8 Kentucky 3,582,459 681,827 19.0 Tennessee 4,743,685 744,941 15.7 Alabama 3,945,798 723,614 18.3 Mississippi 2,502,902 631,029 25.2 West South Central 26,024,909 4,914,460 18.9 Arkansas 2,292,037 437,089 19.1 Louisiana 4,101,071 967,002 23.6 Oklahoma 3,051,515 509,854 16.7 Texas 16,580,286 3,000,515 18.1 WEST 51,482,619 6,492,178 12.6 Mountain 13,358,664 1,865,479 14.0 Montana 776,793 124,853 16.1 Idaho 985,553 130,588 13.3 Wyoming 442,277 52,453 11.9 Colorado 3,212,550 375,214 11.7 New Mexico 1,484,339 305,934 20.6 Arizona 3,584,399 564,362 15.7 Utah 1,694,357 192,415 11.4 Nevada 1,178,396 119,660 10.2 Pacific 38,123,955 4,626,699 12.1 Washington 4,741,003 517,933 10.9 Oregon 2,775,907 344,867 12.4 California 29,003,219 3,627,585 12.5 Alaska 532,474 47,906 9.0 Hawaii 1,071,352 88,408 8.3
Source: 1970 Census of Population, PC(1)-C1 "General Social and Economic Characteristics", table 182. 1980 Census of Population, PC80-1-C1 "General Social and Economic Characteristics", table 245. 1990 Census of Population, CP-2-1 "Social and Economic Characteristics", table 154.

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