CPH-L-187. State Poverty Rates by Sex and Race: 1989

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All Persons
State Male Female
Total Poor Percent Total Poor Percent
Alabama.......... 1,885,769 296,712 15.7 2,060,029 426,902 20.7 Alaska........... 276,398 22,815 8.3 256,076 25,091 9.8 Arizona.......... 1,758,390 258,095 14.7 1,826,009 306,267 16.8 Arkansas......... 1,103,014 185,720 16.8 1,189,023 251,369 21.1 California.......14,406,237 1,671,186 11.6 14,596,982 1,956,399 13.4 Colorado......... 1,581,738 164,781 10.4 1,630,812 210,433 12.9 Connecticut...... 1,541,808 85,722 5.6 1,646,317 131,625 8.0 Delaware......... 312,178 22,576 7.2 333,221 33,647 10.1 D.C.............. 262,760 40,253 15.3 308,066 56,025 18.2 Florida.......... 6,080,423 673,446 11.1 6,561,063 930,740 14.2 Georgia.......... 3,030,531 376,612 12.4 3,269,123 546,473 16.7 Hawaii........... 537,592 39,465 7.3 533,760 48,943 9.2 Idaho............ 490,508 57,610 11.7 495,045 72,978 14.7 Illinois......... 5,397,788 564,302 10.5 5,746,068 762,429 13.3 Indiana.......... 2,602,569 236,603 9.1 2,769,819 337,029 12.2 Iowa............. 1,300,299 130,271 10.0 1,376,659 177,149 12.9 Kansas........... 1,166,857 116,787 10.0 1,224,967 157,836 12.9 Kentucky......... 1,727,920 298,789 17.3 1,854,539 383,038 20.7 Louisiana........ 1,960,951 410,063 20.9 2,140,120 556,939 26.0 Maine............ 577,317 51,168 8.9 612,217 77,298 12.6 Maryland......... 2,247,154 155,579 6.9 2,413,437 229,717 9.5 Massachusetts.... 2,794,370 209,230 7.5 3,018,045 310,109 10.3 Michigan......... 4,394,825 494,239 11.2 4,682,191 696,459 14.9 Minnesota........ 2,092,014 187,418 9.0 2,167,442 247,913 11.4 Mississippi...... 1,193,243 265,570 22.3 1,309,659 365,459 27.9 Missouri......... 2,391,975 277,300 11.6 2,578,598 385,775 15.0 Montana.......... 384,383 56,183 14.6 392,410 68,670 17.5 Nebraska......... 747,625 72,079 9.6 783,322 98,537 12.6 Nevada........... 595,947 53,652 9.0 582,449 66,008 11.3 New Hampshire.... 528,230 27,534 5.2 547,473 41,570 7.6 New Jersey....... 3,646,702 230,041 6.3 3,916,468 343,111 8.8 New Mexico....... 727,106 138,817 19.1 757,233 167,117 22.1 New York......... 8,341,805 948,672 11.4 9,139,957 1,328,624 14.5 North Carolina... 3,072,640 333,219 10.8 3,324,545 496,639 14.9 North Dakota..... 304,932 39,498 13.0 309,037 48,778 15.8 Ohio............. 5,091,475 552,356 10.8 5,482,840 773,412 14.1 Oklahoma......... 1,478,433 220,632 14.9 1,573,082 289,222 18.4 Oregon........... 1,360,878 150,257 11.0 1,415,029 194,610 13.8 Pennsylvania..... 5,524,863 521,733 9.4 6,011,186 761,896 12.7 Rhode Island..... 462,957 35,357 7.6 501,419 57,313 11.4 South Carolina... 1,614,824 207,910 12.9 1,753,301 309,883 17.7 South Dakota..... 329,492 46,913 14.2 340,891 59,392 17.4 Tennessee........ 2,274,292 307,385 13.5 2,469,393 437,556 17.7 Texas............ 8,127,623 1,351,015 16.6 8,452,663 1,649,500 19.5 Utah............. 840,166 86,404 10.3 854,191 106,011 12.4 Vermont.......... 264,923 21,948 8.3 276,449 31,421 11.4 Virginia......... 2,897,049 250,821 8.7 3,071,547 360,790 11.7 Washington....... 2,341,466 224,804 9.6 2,399,537 293,129 12.2 West Virginia.... 843,425 150,698 17.9 911,906 194,395 21.3 Wisconsin........ 2,328,139 215,582 9.3 2,425,964 292,963 12.1 Wyoming.......... 220,651 22,992 10.4 221,626 29,461 13.3
White
State Male Female
Total Poor Percent Total Poor Percent
Alabama.......... 1,415,515 141,468 10.0 1,499,552 200,920 13.4 Alaska........... 212,418 11,429 5.4 191,853 13,058 6.8 Arizona.......... 1,422,852 147,178 10.3 1,482,839 182,220 12.3 Arkansas......... 922,637 117,786 12.8 977,561 157,730 16.1 California....... 9,943,884 820,492 8.3 10,118,041 1,000,654 9.9 Colorado......... 1,397,697 123,073 8.8 1,442,563 159,698 11.1 Connecticut...... 1,349,051 49,383 3.7 1,431,601 78,977 5.5 Delaware......... 253,316 11,596 4.6 266,755 18,115 6.8 D.C.............. 77,692 6,101 7.9 83,713 7,128 8.5 Florida.......... 5,094,648 414,826 8.1 5,449,159 575,904 10.6 Georgia.......... 2,198,849 162,561 7.4 2,297,848 232,000 10.1 Hawaii........... 182,650 12,588 6.9 167,917 15,112 9.0 Idaho............ 461,763 49,095 10.6 469,720 64,861 13.8 Illinois......... 4,253,936 283,584 6.7 4,489,571 395,523 8.8 Indiana.......... 2,369,529 179,680 7.6 2,503,638 257,996 10.3 Iowa............. 1,257,680 117,300 9.3 1,333,654 162,275 12.2 Kansas........... 1,055,062 90,338 8.6 1,108,829 123,718 11.2 Kentucky......... 1,599,993 259,829 16.2 1,706,684 328,961 19.3 Louisiana........ 1,350,084 159,504 11.8 1,422,265 212,543 14.9 Maine............ 568,118 49,698 8.8 602,956 75,482 12.5 Maryland......... 1,622,645 70,094 4.3 1,698,945 106,995 6.3 Massachusetts.... 2,516,438 142,498 5.7 2,720,141 223,170 8.2 Michigan......... 3,707,395 295,885 8.0 3,885,685 421,226 10.8 Minnesota........ 1,976,983 147,959 7.5 2,049,940 203,365 9.9 Mississippi...... 774,721 88,174 11.4 816,310 122,215 15.0 Missouri......... 2,114,983 205,853 9.7 2,252,202 284,521 12.6 Montana.......... 356,858 44,749 12.5 364,225 56,166 15.4 Nebraska......... 702,581 59,174 8.4 735,130 82,777 11.3 Nevada........... 504,817 36,846 7.3 490,800 46,389 9.5 New Hampshire.... 518,079 26,249 5.1 537,249 40,081 7.5 New Jersey....... 2,916,447 115,850 4.0 3,107,971 183,904 5.9 New Mexico....... 551,293 80,827 14.7 574,889 100,259 17.4 New York......... 6,288,650 468,442 7.5 6,759,684 668,429 9.9 North Carolina... 2,358,851 167,567 7.1 2,492,376 251,912 10.1 North Dakota..... 289,345 33,021 11.4 292,820 41,656 14.2 Ohio............. 4,504,780 387,722 8.6 4,799,274 544,100 11.3 Oklahoma......... 1,219,838 146,222 12.0 1,296,373 197,906 15.3 Oregon........... 1,260,732 124,630 9.9 1,319,173 168,300 12.8 Pennsylvania..... 4,925,232 362,414 7.4 5,312,801 540,386 10.2 Rhode Island..... 423,765 25,858 6.1 460,596 44,660 9.7 South Carolina... 1,139,130 78,850 6.9 1,191,761 119,336 10.0 South Dakota..... 302,069 33,037 10.9 312,604 44,242 14.2 Tennessee........ 1,911,774 207,047 10.8 2,037,098 287,062 14.1 Texas............ 6,133,017 778,324 12.7 6,368,393 963,760 15.1 Utah............. 788,348 71,921 9.1 803,358 90,289 11.2 Vermont.......... 261,164 21,254 8.1 272,782 30,565 11.2 Virginia......... 2,277,206 143,272 6.3 2,368,745 199,698 8.4 Washington....... 2,076,837 166,291 8.0 2,132,254 228,093 10.7 West Virginia.... 813,579 141,506 17.4 877,404 182,022 20.8 Wisconsin........ 2,155,317 151,994 7.1 2,236,698 213,397 9.5 Wyoming.......... 207,883 19,142 9.2 209,173 25,298 12.1
Black
State Male Female
Total Poor Percent Total Poor Percent
Alabama.......... 448,986 150,605 33.5 537,843 221,370 41.2 Alaska........... 10,394 1,027 9.9 9,474 1,049 11.1 Arizona.......... 51,585 12,732 24.7 51,903 15,747 30.3 Arkansas......... 164,450 64,479 39.2 195,593 90,202 46.1 California....... 993,205 191,882 19.3 1,081,396 245,319 22.7 Colorado......... 61,211 12,914 21.1 62,633 16,652 26.6 Connecticut...... 121,792 20,551 16.9 139,883 31,138 22.3 Delaware......... 49,695 9,467 19.1 57,336 14,098 24.6 D.C.............. 172,285 31,529 18.3 211,140 45,822 21.7 Florida.......... 781,238 219,184 28.1 900,135 310,295 34.5 Georgia.......... 767,221 203,494 26.5 911,215 304,498 33.4 Hawaii........... 12,162 1,004 8.3 10,063 954 9.5 Idaho............ 1,912 458 24.0 1,433 304 21.2 Illinois......... 748,415 212,775 28.4 885,826 295,354 33.3 Indiana.......... 189,933 48,844 25.7 222,067 70,532 31.8 Iowa............. 21,363 7,159 33.5 22,320 9,050 40.6 Kansas........... 62,289 16,331 26.2 68,634 22,970 33.5 Kentucky......... 114,312 36,146 31.6 133,075 50,990 38.3 Louisiana........ 572,282 239,012 41.8 678,194 332,692 49.1 Maine............ 2,476 382 15.4 1,929 500 25.9 Maryland......... 529,798 76,756 14.5 616,901 113,254 18.4 Massachusetts.... 134,434 27,371 20.4 148,833 37,777 25.4 Michigan......... 568,839 172,770 30.4 675,503 247,151 36.6 Minnesota........ 45,509 15,054 33.1 44,435 18,087 40.7 Mississippi...... 407,403 173,273 42.5 481,445 239,320 49.7 Missouri......... 237,519 63,498 26.7 286,501 92,961 32.5 Montana.......... 1,019 351 34.5 824 220 26.7 Nebraska......... 25,791 7,387 28.6 28,758 9,596 33.4 Nevada........... 36,614 7,463 20.4 37,550 9,799 26.1 New Hampshire.... 3,492 376 10.8 2,994 439 14.7 New Jersey....... 457,997 77,826 17.0 532,930 113,205 21.2 New Mexico....... 14,569 3,600 24.7 13,537 4,217 31.2 New York......... 1,234,531 282,781 22.9 1,508,225 402,332 26.7 North Carolina... 637,648 149,443 23.4 754,493 227,666 30.2 North Dakota..... 1,769 276 15.6 1,373 210 15.3 Ohio............. 505,377 146,988 29.1 600,033 210,262 35.0 Oklahoma......... 102,422 31,899 31.1 114,995 43,281 37.6 Oregon........... 21,592 5,893 27.3 21,018 6,811 32.4 Pennsylvania..... 470,623 122,312 26.0 567,370 178,338 31.4 Rhode Island..... 17,489 3,834 21.9 18,128 5,357 29.6 South Carolina... 458,242 126,425 27.6 542,780 187,728 34.6 South Dakota..... 1,637 320 19.6 1,144 226 19.8 Tennessee........ 339,007 95,931 28.3 406,586 145,828 35.9 Texas............ 909,835 255,039 28.0 1,025,116 344,897 33.6 Utah............. 5,702 1,609 28.2 4,619 1,540 33.3 Vermont.......... 1,095 181 16.5 847 226 26.7 Virginia......... 510,612 96,944 19.0 589,397 149,028 25.3 Washington....... 71,571 14,511 20.3 65,842 16,801 25.5 West Virginia.... 24,411 8,009 32.8 28,496 11,049 38.8 Wisconsin........ 107,872 40,288 37.4 125,829 55,159 43.8 Wyoming.......... 1,693 394 23.3 1,261 351 27.8
Asian and Pacific Islander
State Male Female
Total Poor Percent Total Poor Percent
Alabama.......... 9,663 2,281 23.6 11,200 1,887 16.9 Alaska........... 8,909 691 7.8 10,093 699 6.9 Arizona.......... 25,091 4,586 18.3 27,861 3,984 14.3 Arkansas......... 5,444 1,015 18.6 6,285 957 15.2 California....... 1,367,516 194,443 14.2 1,436,990 207,718 14.5 Colorado......... 26,656 4,568 17.1 31,254 4,689 15.0 Connecticut...... 23,259 1,983 8.5 23,269 1,820 7.8 Delaware......... 4,038 504 12.5 4,603 323 7.0 D.C.............. 4,692 908 19.4 5,569 962 17.3 Florida.......... 67,728 8,785 13.0 79,837 10,403 13.0 Georgia.......... 34,378 3,981 11.6 37,289 4,368 11.7 Hawaii........... 330,695 24,463 7.4 344,668 31,121 9.0 Idaho............ 4,069 702 17.3 4,624 932 20.2 Illinois......... 136,537 15,403 11.3 140,925 15,246 10.8 Indiana.......... 16,147 2,671 16.5 17,920 2,432 13.6 Iowa............. 11,141 3,101 27.8 11,570 3,069 26.5 Kansas........... 14,105 3,226 22.9 15,426 3,317 21.5 Kentucky......... 7,600 1,343 17.7 8,825 1,344 15.2 Louisiana........ 18,872 5,570 29.5 19,672 5,330 27.1 Maine............ 2,927 319 10.9 3,579 454 12.7 Maryland......... 65,466 5,465 8.4 69,941 5,484 7.8 Massachusetts.... 66,216 12,549 19.0 65,469 13,354 20.4 Michigan......... 48,182 7,630 15.8 51,388 7,578 14.8 Minnesota........ 36,215 11,861 32.8 38,902 11,922 30.7 Mississippi...... 5,541 2,031 36.7 6,444 1,989 30.9 Missouri......... 17,680 3,754 21.2 19,880 3,511 17.7 Montana.......... 1,782 397 22.3 2,282 422 18.5 Nebraska......... 5,740 1,228 21.4 6,288 1,184 18.8 Nevada........... 16,377 1,667 10.2 21,165 2,176 10.3 New Hampshire.... 3,925 474 12.1 4,538 475 10.5 New Jersey....... 130,756 8,516 6.5 134,530 9,115 6.8 New Mexico....... 6,162 1,151 18.7 7,938 1,271 16.0 New York......... 336,975 47,979 14.2 338,469 49,739 14.7 North Carolina... 21,881 3,799 17.4 26,143 3,414 13.1 North Dakota..... 1,375 403 29.3 1,574 324 20.6 Ohio............. 42,091 6,946 16.5 44,552 6,857 15.4 Oklahoma......... 15,221 3,793 24.9 16,429 2,908 17.7 Oregon........... 31,723 6,459 20.4 33,301 6,459 19.4 Pennsylvania..... 63,903 12,095 18.9 65,764 12,129 18.4 Rhode Island..... 8,075 2,265 28.1 8,466 2,281 26.9 South Carolina... 8,798 1,112 12.6 11,446 1,224 10.7 South Dakota..... 1,303 253 19.4 1,761 311 17.7 Tennessee........ 13,269 2,288 17.2 15,955 2,235 14.0 Texas............ 151,460 24,933 16.5 158,057 23,652 15.0 Utah............. 15,586 3,283 21.1 16,736 3,478 20.8 Vermont.......... 1,224 201 16.4 1,497 201 13.4 Virginia......... 72,716 6,431 8.8 81,765 6,948 8.5 Washington....... 95,803 15,280 16.0 110,673 18,219 16.5 West Virginia.... 3,386 474 14.0 3,767 593 15.7 Wisconsin........ 25,461 10,830 42.5 25,515 10,178 39.9 Wyoming.......... 1,158 224 19.3 1,443 196 13.6
American Indian, Eskimo and Aleut
State Male Female
Total Poor Percent Total Poor Percent
Alabama.......... 9,016 1,720 19.1 8,929 2,148 24.1 Alaska........... 41,421 9,260 22.4 42,000 9,990 23.8 Arizona.......... 96,719 46,858 48.5 103,631 51,776 50.0 Arkansas......... 6,845 1,459 21.3 7,138 1,765 24.7 California....... 117,941 19,822 16.8 122,334 24,924 20.4 Colorado......... 13,379 3,452 25.8 14,036 4,187 29.8 Connecticut...... 2,905 284 9.8 3,612 693 19.2 Delaware......... 1,095 123 11.2 1,038 167 16.1 D.C.............. 677 138 20.4 764 215 28.1 Florida.......... 20,757 3,552 17.1 20,450 4,650 22.7 Georgia.......... 7,451 1,178 15.8 6,917 1,536 22.2 Hawaii........... 2,598 394 15.2 2,633 494 18.8 Idaho............ 7,129 2,421 34.0 6,985 2,421 34.7 Illinois......... 11,493 2,090 18.2 11,566 2,608 22.6 Indiana.......... 6,620 1,428 21.6 7,121 1,716 24.1 Iowa............. 3,700 1,279 34.6 3,770 1,428 37.9 Kansas........... 10,688 2,076 19.4 11,371 2,694 23.7 Kentucky......... 3,072 881 28.7 3,513 1,159 33.0 Louisiana........ 9,878 3,670 37.2 9,635 3,694 38.3 Maine............ 2,984 644 21.6 3,111 754 24.2 Maryland......... 6,683 692 10.4 7,017 985 14.0 Massachusetts.... 5,589 1,195 21.4 6,456 1,744 27.0 Michigan......... 28,333 6,739 23.8 29,068 8,053 27.7 Minnesota........ 23,055 9,435 40.9 24,380 11,295 46.3 Mississippi...... 4,193 1,713 40.9 4,218 1,631 38.7 Missouri......... 11,177 2,235 20.0 10,372 2,673 25.8 Montana.......... 22,826 10,031 44.0 23,551 11,331 48.1 Nebraska......... 5,871 2,491 42.4 6,096 3,041 49.9 Nevada........... 9,800 2,187 22.3 9,991 2,579 25.8 New Hampshire.... 1,148 193 16.8 1,128 260 23.1 New Jersey....... 6,884 1,102 16.0 7,244 1,461 20.2 New Mexico....... 63,814 28,701 45.0 67,619 31,730 46.9 New York......... 27,136 5,971 22.0 29,965 7,433 24.8 North Carolina... 39,320 8,638 22.0 40,924 10,975 26.8 North Dakota..... 11,659 5,636 48.3 12,384 6,391 51.6 Ohio............. 10,755 2,396 22.3 10,832 2,803 25.9 Oklahoma......... 119,896 32,102 26.8 127,174 38,725 30.5 Oregon........... 19,398 4,612 23.8 20,679 6,018 29.1 Pennsylvania..... 7,676 1,595 20.8 7,297 2,313 31.7 Rhode Island..... 1,937 425 21.9 2,134 635 29.8 South Carolina... 4,401 703 16.0 4,062 971 23.9 South Dakota..... 23,480 13,060 55.6 24,534 14,373 58.6 Tennessee........ 5,920 1,294 21.9 6,093 1,600 26.3 Texas............ 34,161 6,563 19.2 33,220 7,482 22.5 Utah............. 11,605 4,875 42.0 12,207 5,510 45.1 Vermont.......... 1,126 233 20.7 1,037 369 35.6 Virginia......... 7,383 833 11.3 8,021 1,281 16.0 Washington....... 39,087 10,455 26.8 41,114 13,178 32.1 West Virginia.... 1,424 487 34.2 1,571 593 37.8 Wisconsin........ 18,612 5,954 32.0 19,629 7,331 37.4 Wyoming.......... 4,806 2,046 42.6 4,821 2,084 43.2
Other Race
State Male Female
Total Poor Percent Total Poor Percent
Alabama.......... 2,589 638 24.6 2,505 577 23.0 Alaska........... 3,256 408 12.5 2,656 295 11.1 Arizona.......... 162,143 46,741 28.8 159,775 52,540 32.9 Arkansas......... 3,638 981 27.0 2,446 715 29.2 California....... 1,983,691 444,547 22.4 1,838,221 477,784 26.0 Colorado......... 82,795 20,774 25.1 80,326 25,207 31.4 Connecticut...... 44,801 13,521 30.2 47,952 18,997 39.6 Delaware......... 4,034 886 22.0 3,489 944 27.1 D.C.............. 7,414 1,577 21.3 6,880 1,898 27.6 Florida.......... 116,052 27,099 23.4 111,482 29,488 26.5 Georgia.......... 22,632 5,398 23.9 15,854 4,071 25.7 Hawaii........... 9,487 1,016 10.7 8,479 1,262 14.9 Idaho............ 15,635 4,934 31.6 12,283 4,460 36.3 Illinois......... 247,407 50,450 20.4 218,180 53,698 24.6 Indiana.......... 20,340 3,980 19.6 19,073 4,353 22.8 Iowa............. 6,415 1,432 22.3 5,345 1,327 24.8 Kansas........... 24,713 4,816 19.5 20,707 5,137 24.8 Kentucky......... 2,943 590 20.1 2,442 584 23.9 Louisiana........ 9,835 2,307 23.5 10,354 2,680 25.9 Maine............ 812 125 15.4 642 108 16.8 Maryland......... 22,562 2,572 11.4 20,633 2,999 14.5 Massachusetts.... 71,693 25,617 35.7 77,146 34,064 44.2 Michigan......... 42,076 11,215 26.7 40,547 12,451 30.7 Minnesota........ 10,252 3,109 30.3 9,785 3,244 33.2 Mississippi...... 1,385 379 27.4 1,242 304 24.5 Missouri......... 10,616 1,960 18.5 9,643 2,109 21.9 Montana.......... 1,898 655 34.5 1,528 531 34.8 Nebraska......... 7,642 1,799 23.5 7,050 1,939 27.5 Nevada........... 28,339 5,489 19.4 22,943 5,065 22.1 New Hampshire.... 1,586 242 15.3 1,564 315 20.1 New Jersey....... 134,618 26,747 19.9 133,793 35,426 26.5 New Mexico....... 91,268 24,538 26.9 93,250 29,640 31.8 New York......... 454,513 143,499 31.6 503,614 200,691 39.9 North Carolina... 14,940 3,772 25.3 10,609 2,672 25.2 North Dakota..... 784 162 20.7 886 197 22.2 Ohio............. 28,472 8,304 29.2 28,149 9,390 33.4 Oklahoma......... 21,056 6,616 31.4 18,111 6,402 35.4 Oregon........... 27,433 8,663 31.6 20,858 7,022 33.7 Pennsylvania..... 57,429 23,317 40.6 57,954 28,730 49.6 Rhode Island..... 11,691 2,975 25.5 12,095 4,380 36.2 South Carolina... 4,253 820 19.3 3,252 624 19.2 South Dakota..... 1,003 243 24.2 848 240 28.3 Tennessee........ 4,322 825 19.1 3,661 831 22.7 Texas............ 899,150 286,156 31.8 867,877 309,709 35.7 Utah............. 18,925 4,716 24.9 17,271 5,194 30.1 Vermont.......... 314 79 25.2 286 60 21.0 Virginia......... 29,132 3,341 11.5 23,619 3,835 16.2 Washington....... 58,168 18,267 31.4 49,654 16,838 33.9 West Virginia.... 625 222 35.5 668 138 20.7 Wisconsin........ 20,877 6,516 31.2 18,293 6,898 37.7 Wyoming.......... 5,111 1,186 23.2 4,928 1,532 31.1
Source: 1990 Census, STF3A

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