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Description

ENUMDIST reports the household's census enumeration district.

Prior to 1880, enumeration district and supervisor district information are not available on the census forms. Either the forms were not numbered, or the numbers were not entered on the enumerator sheets.

In 1880 through 1920, enumeration districts are unique by supervisor district within states. Users must read them with one of the STATE variables (STATEICP, or STATEFIP) to distinguish among enumeration districts located in different states and SUPDIST or COUNTYICP to distinguish among enumeration districts within the same state.

In 1930 and 1940, enumeration districts are unique by county within states. In 1930, enumeration districts were combined with the county code, so users must read them with one of the STATE variables to uniquely identify enumeration districts within and between states.

User Note: In the Complete Count Data Files, ENUMDIST is a concatenation of county and enumeration district. Users must read them with one of the STATE variables (STATEICP, or STATEFIP) to uniquely identify enumeration districts within and between states.

Codes

ENUMDIST is a 9-digit numeric variable that reports the household's census enumeration district. ENUMDIST specific variable codes for missing, edited, or unidentified observations, observations not applicable (N/A), observations not in universe (NIU), top and bottom value coding, etc. are provided below by Census year (and data sample if specified).

In 1880 through 1920, enumeration districts are unique by supervisor district within states. Users must read them with one of the STATE variables (STATEICP, or STATEFIP) to distinguish among enumeration districts located in different states and SUPDIST or COUNTYICP to distinguish among enumeration districts within the same state.

In 1930 and 1940, enumeration districts are unique by county within states. In 1930, enumeration districts were combined with the county code, so users must read them with one of the STATE variables to uniquely identify enumeration districts within and between states.

User Note: In the Complete Count Data Files, ENUMDIST is a concatenation of county and enumeration district. Users must read them with one of the STATE variables (STATEICP, or STATEFIP) to uniquely identify enumeration districts within and between states.

ENUMDIST Specific Variable Codes
9999 = missing

Comparability

This variable means the same thing across all years and samples. However, the districts are numbered differently from year to year.

In 1880 through 1920, the enumeration sheets included supervisor and enumeration district information. Many states had a single supervisor district, but some states (e.g., New York, Pennsylvania) had multiple supervisor districts, which is why users need to use supervisor district to identify unique enumeration districts. Users may also use county to uniquely identify enumeration districts.

Universe

  • 1880-1900: All households and group quarters except in Alaska and Hawaii.
  • 1910: All households and group quarters. Not available for 25% of cases in 1910 US Census 1% and 1.4% samples (the specific cases can be identified by SAMP1910 as samples 2, 5, and 6).
  • 1920-1940: All households and group quarters.

Availability

United States
  • 2020: --
  • 2019: --
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  • 2001: --
  • 2000: --
  • 1990: --
  • 1980: --
  • 1970: --
  • 1960: --
  • 1950: --
  • 1940: 100%
  • 1930: All samples
  • 1920: All samples
  • 1910: All samples
  • 1900: All samples
  • 1880: All samples
  • 1870: --
  • 1860: --
  • 1850: --
Puerto Rico
  • 2020: --
  • 2019: --
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  • 2000: --
  • 1990: --
  • 1980: --
  • 1970: --
  • 1930: All samples
  • 1920: All samples
  • 1910: All samples

Flags

This variable has no flags.

Editing Procedure

There is no editing procedure available for this variable.