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Public health insurance coverage (original)


HCOVPUB2, an incompletely edited variable, indicates whether persons had public health insurance coverage at the time of interview. The Census Bureau classifies as "public insurance" the federal insurance programs Medicare (HINSCARE2), Medicaid (HINSCAID2), and Department of Veterans Affairs insurance (HINSVA2). The Census Bureau does not consider insurance provided by Indian Health Services to be public coverage, as IHS policies are not always comprehensive.

User Note: HCOVPUB2 is not fully edited. It is provided so that users can replicate analyses that use original ACS data. For a fully edited and fully harmonized analogue that can be used to analyze change over time, see HCOVPUB. See the IPUMS health insurance page for a summary of health insurance variables in the ACS/PRCS.


This variable is not available for any of the currently selected samples.


This variable is available only for the 2008-2010 ACS and PRCS. Because the Census Bureau has applied different edits in different years, this variable is not comparable over time; see HCOVPUB for a fully comparable variable.

Users should note that the ACS's measurement of health insurance differs from that of the Current Population Survey's measurement, which generally asks about coverage in the last week or the last year.


  • ACS, PRCS: All persons.


United States
Puerto Rico
  • 2022: All samples
  • 2021: All samples
  • 2020: All samples
  • 2019: All samples
  • 2018: All samples
  • 2017: All samples
  • 2016: All samples
  • 2015: All samples
  • 2014: All samples
  • 2013: All samples
  • 2012: All samples
  • 2011: PRCS; PRCS 3yr
  • 2010: PRCS; PRCS 3yr
  • 2009: PRCS
  • 2008: PRCS
  • 2007: --
  • 2006: --
  • 2005: --
  • 2000: --
  • 1990: --
  • 1980: --
  • 1970: --
  • 1930: --
  • 1920: --
  • 1910: --


This variable has no flags.

Editing Procedure

There is no editing procedure available for this variable.