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IMPREL
Imputed relationship to household head

Description

IMPREL reports the person's imputed relationship to the head of household. The variable was created for the 1850-1870 samples because these censuses did not collect the explicit family interrelationship information available for all other years (see RELATE). IMPREL relationships are the result of logical inference and statistical imputation, not direct transcriptions from the census forms. IMPREL is constructed in identical fashion for 1880 as well, to facilitate comparisons.

The most important IMPREL determinants are the order in which names appeared on the census form, surname similarity, age, sex, occupation, and birthplace. For about 75 percent of cases, the IPUMS assigns IMPREL according to logical rules based upon these determinants. For the remaining cases, the IPUMS uses a hot deck allocation procedure that examines a wider set of determinants to probabilistically assign IMPREL. See "Family Interrelationships" for more information.

Codes and Frequencies



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Comparability

IMPREL results are roughly comparable to those produced by RELATE. Users can compare imputed relationships to actual relationships for 1880 -- a year for which both variables are available. Note that IMPREL is not available for the historical (1910 and 1920) Puerto Rico samples.

Universe

  • 1850-1880: All persons. Not available in the 1880 100% database,
  • 1900: Not available in Alaska, Hawaii, or the American Indian oversample (samples 2, 3, and 4 in SAMP1900); not available in the 1900 2.5% sample.
  • 1910: Not available in Alaska, Hawaii, or the oversamples of American Indians, African-Americans, and Hispanics (samples 2, 3, 4, 6, and 7 in SAMP1910); not available for Puerto Rico.

Availability

United States
  • 2016: --
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  • 1990: --
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  • 1960: --
  • 1950: --
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  • 1920: --
  • 1910: 1%; 1.4% ovrsmp
  • 1900: 5%; 1%; 1.2% ovrsmp
  • 1880: 1%; 10%
  • 1870: All samples
  • 1860: All samples
  • 1850: All samples
Puerto Rico
  • 2016: --
  • 2015: --
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  • 1990: --
  • 1980: --
  • 1970: --
  • 1930: --
  • 1920: --
  • 1910: --

Flags

This variable has no flags.

Editing Procedure

There is no editing procedure available for this variable.