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Description

SPMFTOTVAL is an SPM Unit's total cash income, rounded to the nearest dollar. Income sources in the ACS include wages and salary, self-employment income, interests, dividends, net rental income, royalty income, income from estates and trusts, Social Security, Supplemental Security Income, public assistance, retirement income, pensions, survivor or disability benefits, and any other income received regularly.

SPMFTOTVAL is used to calculate SPMTOTRES.

It is important for users to note that the Census Bureau does not collect the same detailed income and expenditure data for the ACS as it does for the Annual Social and Economic Supplement of the Current Population Survey (CPS ASEC). Many of the data points used to calculate the SPM have been imputed or estimated using values from the CPS ASEC. For detailed information about how the Census Bureau derived these measures, please refer to the Supplemental Poverty Measure using the American Community Survey working paper.

SPMFTOTVAL is a 7-digit numeric variable that is used to calculate the Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM) for a family. SPMFTOTVAL specific variable codes for missing, edited, or unidentified observations, observations not applicable (N/A), observations not in universe (NIU), top and bottom value coding, etc. are provided below if applicable by Census year (and data sample if specified).

SPMFTOTVAL Specific Variable Codes
9999999 = N/A (Not in Universe)

Comparability

Aside from the effects of inflation, this variable is comparable across all years.

Universe

  • Not group quarters.

Availability

United States
  • 2021: --
  • 2020: --
  • 2019: ACS
  • 2018: ACS
  • 2017: ACS
  • 2016: ACS
  • 2015: ACS
  • 2014: ACS
  • 2013: ACS
  • 2012: ACS
  • 2011: ACS
  • 2010: ACS
  • 2009: ACS
  • 2008: --
  • 2007: --
  • 2006: --
  • 2005: --
  • 2004: --
  • 2003: --
  • 2002: --
  • 2001: --
  • 2000: --
  • 1990: --
  • 1980: --
  • 1970: --
  • 1960: --
  • 1950: --
  • 1940: --
  • 1930: --
  • 1920: --
  • 1910: --
  • 1900: --
  • 1880: --
  • 1870: --
  • 1860: --
  • 1850: --
Puerto Rico
  • 2021: --
  • 2020: --
  • 2019: --
  • 2018: --
  • 2017: --
  • 2016: --
  • 2015: --
  • 2014: --
  • 2013: --
  • 2012: --
  • 2011: --
  • 2010: --
  • 2009: --
  • 2008: --
  • 2007: --
  • 2006: --
  • 2005: --
  • 2000: --
  • 1990: --
  • 1980: --
  • 1970: --
  • 1930: --
  • 1920: --
  • 1910: --

Flags

This variable has no flags.

Editing Procedure

There is no editing procedure available for this variable.