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Description

SPMHEAT is the imputed amount of assistance, rounded to the nearest dollar, that an SPM Unit receives from the Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP). There are no questions related to energy assistance on the ACS questionnaire, so the Census Bureau imputes that amount based on data from the Annual Social and Economic Supplement of the Current Population Survey (CPS ASEC). For detailed information about how the Census Bureau derives this measure please refer to the Supplemental Poverty Measure using the American Community Survey working paper.

SPMHEAT is used, along with other non-cash variables, to calculate SPMTOTRES.

SPMHEAT is a 4-digit numeric variable that is used to calculate the Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM) for a family. SPMHEAT specific variable codes for missing, edited, or unidentified observations, observations not applicable (N/A), observations not in universe (NIU), top and bottom value coding, etc. are provided below if applicable by Census year (and data sample if specified).

SPMHEAT Specific Variable Codes
9999 = N/A (Not in Universe)

Comparability

Aside from the effects of inflation, this variable is comparable across all years.

Universe

  • Not group quarters.

Availability

United States
  • 2021: --
  • 2020: --
  • 2019: ACS
  • 2018: ACS
  • 2017: ACS
  • 2016: ACS
  • 2015: ACS
  • 2014: ACS
  • 2013: ACS
  • 2012: ACS
  • 2011: ACS
  • 2010: ACS
  • 2009: ACS
  • 2008: --
  • 2007: --
  • 2006: --
  • 2005: --
  • 2004: --
  • 2003: --
  • 2002: --
  • 2001: --
  • 2000: --
  • 1990: --
  • 1980: --
  • 1970: --
  • 1960: --
  • 1950: --
  • 1940: --
  • 1930: --
  • 1920: --
  • 1910: --
  • 1900: --
  • 1880: --
  • 1870: --
  • 1860: --
  • 1850: --
Puerto Rico
  • 2021: --
  • 2020: --
  • 2019: --
  • 2018: --
  • 2017: --
  • 2016: --
  • 2015: --
  • 2014: --
  • 2013: --
  • 2012: --
  • 2011: --
  • 2010: --
  • 2009: --
  • 2008: --
  • 2007: --
  • 2006: --
  • 2005: --
  • 2000: --
  • 1990: --
  • 1980: --
  • 1970: --
  • 1930: --
  • 1920: --
  • 1910: --

Flags

This variable has no flags.

Editing Procedure

There is no editing procedure available for this variable.