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URBTYPE
Urbanized area type

Description

URBTYPE reports whether the housing unit was located in an "urbanized area," that is, in a concentration of at least 50,000 inhabitants consisting of a central city and the surrounding, closely-settled contiguous urban fringe. Urbanized areas have a population density of at least 1,000 persons per square mile, though small pockets of land within them (such as industrial parks or railroad yards) may be less densely settled. For housing units within an urbanized area, URBTYPE distinguishes between dwellings in the central city itself and those in the surrounding "urban fringe."

For households outside urbanized areas, URBTYPE distinguishes between those in "urban" settings of 2,500+ inhabitants and those in "rural" locations (including small towns with less than 2,500 inhabitants).

Codes

This variable is not available for any of the currently selected samples.

Comparability

This variable is only available for 1980. Specific urbanized areas that met the confidentiality requirement of 100,000+ inhabitants in the central city and 100,000+ inhabitants in the urban fringe are identified in URBAREA. The concept of urbanized areas is also used in the 1970 Neighborhood sample; see URBSIZE.

In 1980, unlike 1970 (see URBSIZE), there was no minimum population threshold for the central city component of territory classified as an urbanized area. For housing units within an urbanized area, URBTYPE distinguishes between dwellings in the central city itself and those in the surrounding "urban fringe."

Universe

  • All households and group quarters.

Availability

United States
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  • 1990: --
  • 1980: 1% urban
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Puerto Rico
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Flags

This variable has no flags.

Editing Procedure

There is no editing procedure available for this variable.