Questionnaire Text

2018 ACS 2009 ACS 2000 5% 1920 1%
2017 ACS 2008 ACS 1990 5% 1910 1%
2016 ACS 2007 ACS 1980 5% 1900 5%
2015 ACS 2006 ACS 1970 Form 2 Metro 1880 10%
2014 ACS 2005 ACS 1970 Form 1 Metro 1870 1%
2013 ACS 2004 ACS 1960 5% 1860 1%
2012 ACS 2003 ACS 1950 1% 1850 1%
2011 ACS 2002 ACS 1940 1%
2010 ACS 2001 ACS 1930 5%
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2018 ACS
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

4. How many acres is this house or mobile home on?
[ ] Less than 1 acre -->SKIP to question 6
[ ] 1 to 9.9 acres
[ ] 10 or more acres

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2018 ACS
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5. IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS, what were the actual sales of all agricultural products from this property?
[ ] None
[ ] $1 to $999
[ ] $1,000 to $2,499
[ ] $2,500 to $4,999
[ ] $5,000 to $9,999
[ ] $10,000 or more

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2017 ACS
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4. How many acres is this house or mobile home on?
[ ] Less than 1 acre -->SKIP to question 6
[ ] 1 to 9.9 acres
[ ] 10 or more acres

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2017 ACS
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5. IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS, what were the actual sales of all agricultural products from this property?
[ ] None
[ ] $1 to $999
[ ] $1,000 to $2,499
[ ] $2,500 to $4,999
[ ] $5,000 to $9,999
[ ] $10,000 or more

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2016 ACS
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4. How many acres is this house or mobile home on?
[ ] Less than 1 acre -->SKIP to question 6
[ ] 1 to 9.9 acres
[ ] 10 or more acres
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

4. Complete this question if you live in a one-family house or in a mobile home; include only land that you own or rent.

The number of acres is the acreage on which the house or mobile home is located; include adjoining land you rent for your use.


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2016 ACS
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5. IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS, what were the actual sales of all agricultural products from this property?
[ ] None
[ ] $1 to $999
[ ] $1,000 to $2,499
[ ] $2,500 to $4,999
[ ] $5,000 to $9,999
[ ] $10,000 or more

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2015 ACS
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

4. How many acres is this house or mobile home on?
[ ] Less than 1 acre -->SKIP to question 6
[ ] 1 to 9.9 acres
[ ] 10 or more acres
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

4. Complete this question if you live in a one-family house or in a mobile home; include only land that you own or rent.

The number of acres is the acreage on which the house or mobile home is located; include adjoining land you rent for your use.


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2015 ACS
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5. IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS, what were the actual sales of all agricultural products from this property?
[ ] None
[ ] $1 to $999
[ ] $1,000 to $2,499
[ ] $2,500 to $4,999
[ ] $5,000 to $9,999
[ ] $10,000 or more

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2014 ACS
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

4. How many acres is this house or mobile home on?
[ ] Less than 1 acre -->SKIP to question 6
[ ] 1 to 9.9 acres
[ ] 10 or more acres
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

4. Complete this question if you live in a one-family house or in a mobile home; include only land that you own or rent.

The number of acres is the acreage on which the house or mobile home is located; include adjoining land you rent for your use.


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2014 ACS
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5. IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS, what were the actual sales of all agricultural products from this property?
[ ] None
[ ] $1 to $999
[ ] $1,000 to $2,499
[ ] $2,500 to $4,999
[ ] $5,000 to $9,999
[ ] $10,000 or more

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2013 ACS
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4. How many acres is this house or mobile home on?
[ ] Less than 1 acre -->SKIP to question 6
[ ] 1 to 9.9 acres
[ ] 10 or more acres
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

4. Complete this question if you live in a one-family house or in a mobile home; include only land that you own or rent.

The number of acres is the acreage on which the house or mobile home is located; include adjoining land you rent for your use.


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2013 ACS
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5. IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS, what were the actual sales of all agricultural products from this property?
[ ] None
[ ] $1 to $999
[ ] $1,000 to $2,499
[ ] $2,500 to $4,999
[ ] $5,000 to $9,999
[ ] $10,000 or more

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2012 ACS
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4. How many acres is this house or mobile home on?
[ ] Less than 1 acre -->SKIP to question 6
[ ] 1 to 9.9 acres
[ ] 10 or more acres
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

4. Complete this question if you live in a one-family house or in a mobile home; include only land that you own or rent.

The number of acres is the acreage on which the house or mobile home is located; include adjoining land you rent for your use.


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2012 ACS
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

5. IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS, what were the actual sales of all agricultural products from this property?
[ ] None
[ ] $1 to $999
[ ] $1,000 to $2,499
[ ] $2,500 to $4,999
[ ] $5,000 to $9,999
[ ] $10,000 or more
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

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2011 ACS
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4. How many acres is this house or mobile home on?
[ ] Less than 1 acre -->SKIP to question 6
[ ] 1 to 9.9 acres
[ ] 10 or more acres
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

4. Complete this question if you live in a one-family house or in a mobile home; include only land that you own or rent.

The number of acres is the acreage on which the house or mobile home is located; include adjoining land you rent for your use.


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2011 ACS
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5. IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS, what were the actual sales of all agricultural products from this property?
[ ] None
[ ] $1 to $999
[ ] $1,000 to $2,499
[ ] $2,500 to $4,999
[ ] $5,000 to $9,999
[ ] $10,000 or more

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2010 ACS
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

4. How many acres is this house or mobile home on?
[ ] Less than 1 acre -->SKIP to question 6
[ ] 1 to 9.9 acres
[ ] 10 or more acres
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

4. Complete this question if you live in a one-family house or in a mobile home; include only land that you own or rent.

The number of acres is the acreage on which the house or mobile home is located; include adjoining land you rent for your use.


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2010 ACS
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

5. IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS, what were the actual sales of all agricultural products from this property?
[ ] None
[ ] $1 to $999
[ ] $1,000 to $2,499
[ ] $2,500 to $4,999
[ ] $5,000 to $9,999
[ ] $10,000 or more

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2009 ACS
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

4. How many acres is this house or mobile home on?
[ ] Less than 1 acre -->SKIP to question 6
[ ] 1 to 9.9 acres
[ ] 10 or more acres
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

4. Complete this question if you live in a one-family house or in a mobile home; include only land that you own or rent.

The number of acres is the acreage on which the house or mobile home is located; include adjoining land you rent for your use.


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2009 ACS
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

5. IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS, what were the actual sales of all agricultural products from this property?
[ ] None
[ ] $1 to $999
[ ] $1,000 to $2,499
[ ] $2,500 to $4,999
[ ] $5,000 to $9,999
[ ] $10,000 or more

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2008 ACS
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

4. How many acres is this house or mobile home on?
[ ] Less than 1 acre -->SKIP to question 6
[ ] 1 to 9.9 acres
[ ] 10 or more acres
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

4. Complete this question if you live in a one-family house or in a mobile home; include only land that you own or rent.

The number of acres is the acreage on which the house or mobile home is located; include adjoining land you rent for your use.


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2008 ACS
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

5. IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS, what were the actual sales of all agricultural products from this property?
[ ] None
[ ] $1 to $999
[ ] $1,000 to $2,499
[ ] $2,500 to $4,999
[ ] $5,000 to $9,999
[ ] $10,000 or more
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

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2007 ACS
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4. How many acres is this house or mobile home on?
[ ] Less than 1 acre -->SKIP to question 6
[ ] 1 to 9.9 acres
[ ] 10 or more acres
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

4. Complete this question if you live in a one-family house or in a mobile home; include only land that you own or rent.

The number of acres is the acreage on which the house or mobile home is located; include adjoining land you rent for your use.


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2007 ACS
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5. IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS, what were the actual sales of all agricultural products from this property?
[ ] None
[ ] $1 to $999
[ ] $1,000 to $2,499
[ ] $2,500 to $4,999
[ ] $5,000 to $9,999
[ ] $10,000 or more
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

5.Complete this item only if this one-family house or mobile home is on 1 or more acres of land.

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2006 ACS
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

4. How many acres is this house or mobile home on?
[ ] Less than 1 acre -->SKIP to question 6
[ ] 1 to 9.9 acres
[ ] 10 or more acres
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

4. Complete this question if you live in a one-family house or in a mobile home; include only land that you own or rent.

The number of acres is the acreage on which the house or mobile home is located; include adjoining land you rent for your use.


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2006 ACS
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

5. IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS, what were the actual sales of all agricultural products from this property?
[ ] None
[ ] $1 to $999
[ ] $1,000 to $2,499
[ ] $2,500 to $4,999
[ ] $5,000 to $9,999
[ ] $10,000 or more
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

5.Complete this item only if this one-family house or mobile home is on 1 or more acres of land.

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2005 ACS
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

4. How many acres is this house or mobile home on?
[ ] Less than 1 acre -->SKIP to question 6
[ ] 1 to 9.9 acres
[ ] 10 or more acres
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

4. Complete this question if you live in a one-family house or in a mobile home; include only land that you own or rent.

The number of acres is the acreage on which the house or mobile home is located; include adjoining land you rent for your use.


top
2005 ACS
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

5. IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS, what were the actual sales of all agricultural products from this property?
[ ] None
[ ] $1 to $999
[ ] $1,000 to $2,499
[ ] $2,500 to $4,999
[ ] $5,000 to $9,999
[ ] $10,000 or more
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

5.Complete this item only if this one-family house or mobile home is on 1 or more acres of land.

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2004 ACS
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

4. How many acres is this house or mobile home on?
[ ] Less than 1 acre -->SKIP to question 6
[ ] 1 to 9.9 acres
[ ] 10 or more acres
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

4. Complete this question if you live in a one-family house or in a mobile home; include only land that you own or rent.

The number of acres is the acreage on which the house or mobile home is located; include adjoining land you rent for your use.


top
2004 ACS
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

5. IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS, what were the actual sales of all agricultural products from this property?
[ ] None
[ ] $1 to $999
[ ] $1,000 to $2,499
[ ] $2,500 to $4,999
[ ] $5,000 to $9,999
[ ] $10,000 or more
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

5.Complete this item only if this one-family house or mobile home is on 1 or more acres of land.

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2003 ACS
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

4. How many acres is this house or mobile home on?
[ ] Less than 1 acre -->SKIP to question 6
[ ] 1 to 9.9 acres
[ ] 10 or more acres
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

4. Complete this question if you live in a one-family house or in a mobile home; include only land that you own or rent.

The number of acres is the acreage on which the house or mobile home is located; include adjoining land you rent for your use.


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2003 ACS
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

5. IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS, what were the actual sales of all agricultural products from this property?
[ ] None
[ ] $1 to $999
[ ] $1,000 to $2,499
[ ] $2,500 to $4,999
[ ] $5,000 to $9,999
[ ] $10,000 or more
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

5.Complete this item only if this one-family house or mobile home is on 1 or more acres of land.

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2002 ACS
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

4. How many acres is this house or mobile home on?
[ ] Less than 1 acre -->SKIP to question 6
[ ] 1 to 9.9 acres
[ ] 10 or more acres
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

4.Complete this question only if you live in a one-family house or in a mobile home; include only land that you own or rent.

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2002 ACS
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

5. IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS, what were the actual sales of all agricultural products from this property?
[ ] None
[ ] $1 to $999
[ ] $1,000 to $2,499
[ ] $2,500 to $4,999
[ ] $5,000 to $9,999
[ ] $10,000 or more
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

5. Complete this item only if this one-family house or mobile home is on 1 or more acres of land.

The number of acres is the acreage on which the house or mobile home is located; include adjoining land you rent for your use.


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2001 ACS
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

4. How many acres is this house or mobile home on?
[ ] Less than 1 acre -->SKIP to question 6
[ ] 1 to 9.9 acres
[ ] 10 or more acres
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

4.Complete this question only if you live in a one-family house or in a mobile home; include only land that you own or rent.

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2001 ACS
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

5. IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS, what were the actual sales of all agricultural products from this property?
[ ] None
[ ] $1 to $999
[ ] $1,000 to $2,499
[ ] $2,500 to $4,999
[ ] $5,000 to $9,999
[ ] $10,000 or more
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

5. Complete this item only if this one-family house or mobile home is on 1 or more acres of land.

The number of acres is the acreage on which the house or mobile home is located; include adjoining land you rent for your use.


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2000 5%
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

44. Answer ONLY if this is a ONE-FAMILY HOUSE OR MOBILE HOME -All others skip to 45.

c. In 1999, what were the actual sales of all agricultural products from this property?

[] None
[] $1 to $999
[] $1,000 to $2,499
[] $2,500 to $4,999
[] $5,000 to $9,999
[] $10,000 or more

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1990 5%
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b. In 1989, what were the actual sales of all agricultural products from this property?
[] None
[] $1 to $999
[] $1,000 to $2,499
[] $2,500 to $4,999
[] $5,000 to $9,999
[] $10,000 or more

"This property is the acreage on which the house is located; it includes adjoining land you rent for your use. Report sales made in 1989 from this property by you or previous occupants."

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1980 5%
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

b. Last year, 1979, did sales of crops, livestock, and other farm products from this place amount to -
[] Less than $50 (or None)
[] $1,000 to $2,499
[] $250 to $599
[] $50 to $249
[] $2,500 or more
[] $600 to $999

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1970 Form 2 Metro
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

[All]
H10a. Is this building a one-family house?
[] Yes, a one-family house
[] No, a building for 2 or more families or a mobile home or trailer

b. If "Yes" -- Is this house on a place of 10 acres or more, or is any part of this property used as a commercial establishment or medical office?

[] Yes, 10 acres or more
[] Yes, commercial establishment or medical office
[] No, none of the above
"A commercial establishment is easily recognized from the outside; for example, a grocery store or barber shop. A medical office is a doctor's or dentist's office regularly visited by patients. If your house is on a place of 10 acres or more and also contains a commercial establishment or medical office, mark Yes, 10 acres or more."

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1970 Form 2 Metro
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

[All]
H18. Last year, 1969, did sales of crops, livestock, and other farm products from this place amount to --
[] Less than $50 (or None)
[] $50 to $249
[] $250 to $2,499
[] $2,500 to $4,999
[] $5,000 to $9,999
[] $10,000 or more
"Fill the circle for the total (gross) amount of money received from the sales of crops, livestock, and other farm products produced on this place during the calendar year 1969."

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1970 Form 1 Metro
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

[All]
H10a. Is this building a one-family house?
[] Yes, a one-family house
[] No, a building for 2 or more families or a mobile home or trailer

b. If "Yes" -- Is this house on a place of 10 acres or more, or is any part of this property used as a commercial establishment or medical office?

[] Yes, 10 acres or more
[] Yes, commercial establishment or medical office
[] No, none of the above
"A commercial establishment is easily recognized from the outside; for example, a grocery store or barber shop. A medical office is a doctor's or dentist's office regularly visited by patients. If your house is on a place of 10 acres or more and also contains a commercial establishment or medical office, mark Yes, 10 acres or more."

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1970 Form 1 Metro
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

[All]
H18. Last year, 1969, did sales of crops, livestock, and other farm products from this place amount to --
[] Less than $50 (or None)
[] $50 to $249
[] $250 to $2,499
[] $2,500 to $4,999
[] $5,000 to $9,999
[] $10,000 or more
"Fill the circle for the total (gross) amount of money received from the sales of crops, livestock, and other farm products produced on this place during the calendar year 1969."

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1960 5%
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[PH-3]
H17 and H18. Is this house:
[] On a city lot (or is this an apartment building)?
OR
[] On a place of less than 10 acres?

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1950 1%
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

4. Is this house on a farm (or ranch)?
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Item 4. Is house on a farm?

95. Item 4. Rural and urban areas.- In rural areas, in general, let the respondent decide whether his house is on a farm. In urban areas you may usually obtain the answer to this question by observation. In urban areas there will occasionally be a tract of land called a farm. In such areas, ask only if you are in doubt-as to whether the place might be considered a farm.

96. Two or more houses on a place.- In rural areas more than one house may be on a place requiring an Agriculture Questionnaire. Let the respondent at each dwelling unit decide whether his house is on a farm, except as noted in paragraphs 97 to 99 below. In a few cases you may have different answers from the separate households as to whether a given place is a farm. Do not change the entry in item 4 because of different answers given by respondents at different dwelling units or because of answers to later questions.

97. House rented separately from farm.-Enter "No" in item 4 for a house on a farm which is occupied by persons who pay cash rent for the house and yard only. For example: Mr. B, who works in the city, lives in a house on Mr. A's farm, and pays $40 a month cash rent for the house and yard only. Mr. A says he lives on a farm. Report "No" in item 4 for Mr. B's house and "Yes" in item 4 for Mr. A's house.

98. Institutions.-Enter "No" for an institution even if agricultural operations are conducted on the place.

99. Summer camp or tourist cabin.-Enter "No" for summer camps, motels, and tourist cabins.


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1940 1%
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6. Does this household live on a farm? (Yes or No).
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

440. Column 6. Does This Household Live on a Farm?-This question is to be answered "Yes" or "No" for every household, except that in a thickly settled city district a statement may be made in the space just above and to the right of the heading "Household Data" of the first schedule to the effect that there are no farms in the enumerator's district, and the column may then be left blank. If the household lives on a farm the answer should be "Yes," even though no member of the household actually works on the farm. On the other hand, where a farmer and his family do not live on the farm, the entry for this household should be "No." This question pertains to residence not occupation.

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1930 5%
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
10. Does this family live on a farm?
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

146. Column 10. Does this family live on a farm?-This question is to be answered, "Yes" or "No," for every family, except that in a thickly settled city district a statement may be made on the first schedule to the effect that there are no farms in the district, and the column may then be left blank.

147. If the family lives on a farm, that is, a place for which a farm schedule is made out and which is also locally regarded as a farm, the answer should be "Yes," even though no member of the family works on the farm. It is a question here of residence, not of occupation.

148. Occasionally there will be a place for which a farm schedule is required, but which is not commonly regarded as a farm. A greenhouse establishment located in a city or village and having little land attached would be an example. For such a place the entry in column 10 should be "No." Likewise for a one-time farm on which no farming is now being done, the place being occupied as a residence only, the entry in column 10 should be "No," even though the place is still called a farm. Where the farmer and his family do not live on the farm, the entry should, of course, be "No."


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1920 1%
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
2. House number or farm, etc.
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

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1910 1%
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
28. Farm or house.
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

190. Column 28. Farm or house.—This column is intended merely to distinguish farm homes from other homes. If the home is a farm home, write "F" (for farm) opposite the name of the head of the family. If it is not a farm home, write "H" (for house). A farm home is a home located on a farm, for which a farm schedule should be secured. (See paragraph 202). Any other home is to be reported simply as a house.

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1900 5%
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
27. Farm or house.
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

245. Farm or house.—The letter "F" in column 27 means that some member of the family operates a farm, which should be separately reported on the agricultural schedule, and its number in the order of visitation entered in column 28. In all other cases inter in column 27 the letter "H." usually a farmer resides upon his farm, and person who reside on farms are farmers. If, however, a family resides upon a farm, but no member of the family operates it, write "H." On the other hand, if a farm is operated by any person who does not reside upon it, but off the farm, in a village or elsewhere, enter against the name of the head of the family of which such person is a member the letter "F."

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1880 10%
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Occupation:
13. Profession, occupation, or trade of each person, male or female.
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

OCCUPATION

In the column numbered 13 is to be reported the occupation of each person 10 years of age and upward.

Occupation.—The inquiry "profession, occupation, or trade," is one of the most important questions of the schedule. Make a study of it. Take especial pains to avoid unmeaning terms, or such as are too general to convey a definite idea of the occupation. Call no man a "factory hand," or a "mill operative." State the kind of a mill or factory. The better form of expression would be, "Works in a cotton mill," "Works in paper mill," etc. Do not call a man a "shoemaker," "bootmaker," unless he makes the entire boot or shoe in a small shop. If he works in (or for) a boot or shoe factory, say so.

Do not apply the word "jeweler" to those who make watches, watch chains, or jewelry in large manufacturing establishments.

Call no man a "commissioner," a "collector," an "agent," an "artist," an "overseer," a "professor," a "treasurer," a "contractor," or a "speculator," without further explanation.

When boys are entered as apprentices, state the trade they are apprenticed to, as "apprenticed to carpenter," "apothecary’s apprentice." Students or scholars should be reported under those names.

When a lawyer, a merchant, a manufacturer, has retired from practice or business, say "retired lawyer," "retired merchant," etc. Distinguish between fire and life insurance agents. When clerks are returned, describe them as "clerk in store," "clerk in woolen mill," "R.R. clerk," "bank clerk," etc.

Describe no man as a "mechanic," if it is possible to describe him more accurately.

Distinguish between stone masons and brick masons.

Do not call a bonnet maker a bonnet manufacturer, a lace maker a lace manufacturer, a chocolate maker a chocolate manufacturer. Reserve the term "manufacturer" for proprietors of establishments; always give the branch of manufacture, as cotton manufacturer, woolen manufacturer, etc.

Whenever merchants or traders can be reported under a single word expressive of their special line, as "grocer," it should be done. Otherwise say dry goods merchant, coal dealer, etc.

Use the word "huckster" in all cases where it applies.

Be very particular to distinguish between farmers and farm laborers. In agricultural regions this should be one of the points to which the enumerator should especially direct his attention.

Confine the use of the words "glover," "hatter," and "furrier," to those who actual make, or make up, in their own establishments, all, or a part, of the gloves and hats or furs which they sell. Those who only sell these articles should be characterized as "glove dealer," "hat and cap dealer," "fur dealer."

Judges (state whether Federal or state, whether probate, police, or otherwise) may be assumed to be lawyers, and that addition, therefore, need not be given; but all other officials should have their profession designated, if they have any, as "retired" merchant, governor of Massachusetts," "paper manufacturer, representative in legislature." If anything is to be omitted, leave out the office and put in the occupation.

The organization of domestic service has not proceeded so far in this country as to render it worthwhile to make distinctions in the character of work. Report all as "domestic servants."

Cooks, waiters, etc., in hotels and restaurants will be reported separately from domestic servants, as "cook in hotel," etc.

The term "housekeeper" will be reserved for such persons as receive distinct wages or salary for the service. Women keeping house for their own families or for themselves, without any other gainful occupation, will be entered as "keeping house." Grown daughters assisting them will be reported without occupation.

You are under no obligation to give any man’s occupation just as he expresses it. If he can not tell intelligibly what it is, find out what he does and characterize his profession accordingly.

The inquiry as to occupation will not be asked in respect to infants or children too young to take any part in production. Neither will the doing of domestic errands or family chores out of school be considered an occupation. "At home" or "attending school" will be the best entry in a majority of cases. But if a boy or girl, whatever the age, or earning money regularly by labor, contributing to the family support, or appreciably assisting in mechanical or agricultural industry, the occupation should be stated.


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7. Profession, occupation, or trade of each person, male or female.
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Occupation.—The inquiry, "Profession, occupation, or trade," is one of the most important questions of this schedule. Make a study of it. Take special pains to avoid unmeaning terms, or such as are too general to convey a definite idea of the occupation. Call no man a "factory hand" or a "mill operative." State the kind of mill or factory. The better form of expression would be, "works in cotton mill," "works in paper mill," etc.. Do not call a man a "shoemaker," "bootmaker," unless he makes the entire boot or shoe in a small shop. If he works in (or for) a boot and shoe factory, say so.

Do not apply the word "jeweler" to those who make watches, watch chains, or jewelry in large manufacturing establishments.

Call no man a "commissioner," a "collector," an "agent," an "artist," an "overseer," a "professor," a "treasurer," a "contractor," or a "seculator," without further explanation.

When boys are entered as apprentices, state the trade they are apprenticed to, as "apprenticed to carpenter," "apothecary’s apprentice."

When a lawyer, a merchant, a manufacturer, has retired from practice or business, say "retired lawyer," "retired merchant," etc. Distinguish between fire and life insurance agents.

When clerks are returned, describe them as "clerk in store," "clerk in woolen mill," "R.R. clerk," "bank clerk," etc.

Describe no man as "mechanic" if it possible to describe him more accurately.

Distinguish between stone masons and brick masons.

Do not call a bonnet maker a bonnet manufacturer, a lace maker a lace manufacturer, a chocolate maker a chocolate manufacturer. Reserve the term manufacturer for proprietors of establishments; always give the branch of manufacture.

Whenever merchants or traders can be reported under a single word expressive of their special line, as "grocer," it should be done. Otherwise, say dry goods merchant, coal dealer, etc.

Add, in all cases, the class of business, as wholesale (wh.), retail (ret.), importer (imp.), jobber, etc.

Use the word huckster in all cases where it applies.

Be very particular to distinguish between farmers and farm laborers. In agricultural regions this should be one of the points to which the assistant marshal should especially direct his attention.

Confine the use of the words "glover," "hatter," and "furrier" to those who actually make, or make up, in their own establishments, all, or a part, of the gloves and hats or furs which they sell. Those who only sell these articles should be characterized as "glove dealer," "hat and cap dealer," "fur dealer."

Judges (state whether Federal or State, whether probate, police, or otherwise) may be assumed to be lawyers, and that addition, therefore, need not be given; but all other officials should have their profession designated, if they have any, as "retired merchant, governor of Massachusetts," "paper manufacturer, representative in legislature." If anything is to be omitted, leave out the office, and put in the occupation.

As far as possible distinguish machinists, as "locomotive builders," "engine builders," etc.

Instead of saying, "packers," indicate whether you mean "pork packers" or "crockery packers," or "mule packers."

The organization of domestic service has not proceeded so far in this country as to render it worthwhile to make distinction in the character of work. Report all as "domestic servants.

Cooks, waiters, etc., in hotels and restaurants will be reported separately from domestic servants.

The term "housekeeper" will be reserved for such persons as receive distinct wages or salary for the service. Women keeping house for their own families or for themselves, without any other gainful occupation, will be entered as "keeping house." Grown daughters assisting them will be reported without occupation.

You are under no obligation to give any man’s occupation just as he expresses it. If he can not tell intelligibly what it is, find out what he does, and characterize his profession accordingly.

The inquiry as to occupation will not be asked in respect to infants or children too young to take any part in production. Neither will the doing of domestic errands or family chores out of school be considered an occupation. "At home’ or "attending school" will be the best entry in the majority of cases. But if a boy or girl, whatever the age, is earning money regularly by labor, contributing to the family support, or appreciably assisting in mechanical or agricultural industry, the occupation should be stated.


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7. Profession, occupation, or trade of each person, male or female, over 15 years of age.
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10. Profession, Trade, and Occupation-- Under head 7, entitled "Profession, occupation, or trade of each person over fifteen years of age," insert the specific profession, occupation, or trade the individual being enumerated is reputed to follow. The proprietor of a farm for the time being, who pursues agriculture professionally or practically, is to be recorded as a farmer; the men who are employed for wages by him are to be termed farm laborers. The members, or inmates, of a family employed in domestic duties at wages you will record as "servants," or "serving," or "domestic," according to the custom of the vicinage.

A mechanic who employs others under him is to be termed differently from the one employed. The first is a master mechanic, and should be termed "master mason," "master carpenter," etc., as the case may be, and you should be very particular in designating the employers or master mechanics from the workmen or employed. Where persons (over 15) are learning trades or serving apprenticeship, they should be recorded as "apprentices," with the name of the trade whereunto they are apprenticed. The employment of every person over 15, having an occupation, should be asked and recorded. In every case insert the kind of labor and nature of apprenticeship.

When the individual is a clergyman, insert the initials of the denomination to which he belongs -- as Meth. for Methodist; R.C. for Roman Catholic; O.S.P., Old School Presbyterian; P.E., Protestant Episcopal; or other appropriate designation, as the case may require. If a person follows several occupations, insert the name of the most prominent. If the person should be a teacher or professor, state the character of the occupation, as teacher of French, of common school; professor of mathematics, of languages, of philosophy, etc. In fine, record the occupation of every human being, male and female, (over 15,) who has an occupation or means of living, and let your record be so clear as to leave no doubt on the subject.


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7. Profession, occupation, or trade of each male person over 15 years of age.
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7. Under heading 7, entitled "Profession, occupation, or trade of each person over 15 years of age," insert opposite the name of each male the specific profession, occupation, or trade which the said person is known and reputed to follow in the place where he resides - as clergyman, physician, lawyer, shoemaker, student, farmer, carpenter, laborer, tailor, boatman, sailor, or otherwise, as the fact may be. When more convenient, the name of the article he produces may be substituted.

When the individual is a clergyman, insert the initials of the denomination to which he belongs before his profession - as Meth. for Methodist, R.C. for Roman Catholic, O.S.P. for Old School Presbyterian, or other appropriate initials, as the fact may be. When a person follows several professions or occupations the name of the principal one only is to be given. If a person follows no particular occupation, the space is to be filled with the word "none."