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GQTYPE
Group quarters type

Description

GQTYPE reports the type of group quarters within which a group-quarters member resided. With this variable, users can distinguish between institutions and non-institutional group quarters, identify broad categories of institutions (e.g., mental institutions versus correctional institutions), and, for some years, isolate very specific types of group quarters (e.g., old soldiers' home).

Codes and Frequencies




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Comparability

The definition of what constituted group quarters was not the same for all years; see GQ for discussion of this issue.

The detail with which group quarters types were identified varied considerably across years. The 1850-1930 and 1950 samples offer the most detailed categories, while 1990-2010 simply divide group quarters into "institutions" and "non-institutional group quarters." In 2000, we were able to use additional variables to clearly separate persons in college dormitories and military housing from those in other sorts of non-institutional group quarters.

In 1940-1950 and 1980-2010, non-inmates (such as employees) in institutions are classified as non-institutional, but prior to 1940 and in 1960-1970, they are classified as institutional residents.

The 1850-1930 samples (except for the 1910 Preston sample and the 1910-1920 Puerto Rican samples) include the record of every person in households with fewer than 30 people (see SAMPRULE and "Sample Designs"). In the 1910 Preston sample and the 1910 and 1920 Puerto Rican samples, the records of every person in households with fewer than 20 people are included (see SAMPRULE). If such units contained 10 or more people unrelated to the head, they are classified as group quarters in the IPUMS. Some of these units contain a primary family but also include 10 or more persons unrelated to the head. These units are classified as "other group quarters" in the GQ variable, but they can be identified by their GQTYPE code of 010. Other large units consist entirely of unrelated individuals. These units are also considered "other group quarters" in GQ, but they have a GQTYPE code of 020.

Universe

  • Group quarters.

Availability

United States
  • 2016: All samples
  • 2015: All samples
  • 2014: All samples
  • 2013: All samples
  • 2012: All samples
  • 2011: All samples
  • 2010: All samples
  • 2009: All samples
  • 2008: All samples
  • 2007: All samples
  • 2006: All samples
  • 2005: All samples
  • 2004: All samples
  • 2003: All samples
  • 2002: All samples
  • 2001: All samples
  • 2000: All samples
  • 1990: All samples
  • 1980: All samples
  • 1970: All samples
  • 1960: All samples
  • 1950: All samples
  • 1940: All samples
  • 1930: All samples
  • 1920: All samples
  • 1910: 1%; 1.4% ovrsmp
  • 1900: All samples
  • 1880: All samples
  • 1870: All samples
  • 1860: All samples
  • 1850: All samples
Puerto Rico
  • 2016: All samples
  • 2015: All samples
  • 2014: All samples
  • 2013: All samples
  • 2012: All samples
  • 2011: All samples
  • 2010: All samples
  • 2009: All samples
  • 2008: All samples
  • 2007: All samples
  • 2006: All samples
  • 2005: All samples
  • 2000: All samples
  • 1990: All samples
  • 1980: All samples
  • 1970: All samples
  • 1930: All samples
  • 1920: All samples
  • 1910: All samples

Flags

QGQTYPE 

Editing Procedure

There is no editing procedure available for this variable.