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INCFARM
Farm income

Description

INCFARM reports the respondent's net pre-income-tax earnings as a tenant farmer, sharecropper, or operator of his/her own farm during the previous calendar year. This is the amount earned after subtracting farming expenses from gross receipts. Gross receipts include not only the value of farm products sold, but also those from government programs, renting out farm equipment, and the sale of any products from the farmland itself (such as gravel, sand, or wood). It excludes non-cash benefits (such as the free consumption of one's own farm products) and any income earned as an employee which is retained elsewhere in INCWAGE.

Income from incorporated enterprises was specifically excluded; persons who work for corporations are considered "employees," even if they are among the owners of the corporation, and income earned as a corporate employee was to be reported as wage/salary income (INCWAGE). On the other hand, owners of unincorporated farms who pay themselves "salaries" were to report these salaries as farm income. Some respondents may have missed this distinction, which was not explicitly made before 1970. Amounts are expressed in contemporary dollars; users must adjust for inflation (See INCTOT for Consumer Price Index adjustment factors).

Codes

INCFARM is a 6-digit numeric code reporting the respondent's net pre-income-tax earnings as a tenant farmer, sharecropper, or operator of his/her own farm during the previous calendar year. INCFARM specific variable codes for missing, edited, or unidentified observations, observations not applicable (N/A), observations not in universe (NIU), top and bottom value coding, etc. are provided below by Census year (and data sample if specified).

User Note: Users studying change over time must adjust for inflation (See Description).

INCFARM Specific Variable Codes
-09995 = -$9,990 (1980)
999999 = N/A

INCFARM
Census Bottom Code Top Code
1970 -$9,900 $50,000
1980 -$9,990 $75,000
1990 -$9,999  $54,000*

*Higher amounts are expressed as the state medians of values above $54,000.

Values Exceeding Top codes, by State: 1990

Comparability

This variable allows for comparisons across years, if users take into account the effects of inflation. Adding INCFARM amounts to those contained in INCBUS produces figures basically comparable to those in INCBUSFM for 1950-1960 and those in INCBUS00 for the 2000 census, the ACS and the PRCS.

For INCFARM, the codes for 1970 and 1980 represent midpoints of intervals, instead of exact dollar amounts. For 1970, the codes represent the midpoints of hundred-dollar intervals. For 1980, the codes represent the midpoints of ten-dollar intervals. The 1990 codes are expressed in exact dollar amounts.

Universe

  • 1970: Persons age 14+.
  • 1980-1990: Persons age 16+.

Availability

United States
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  • 1990: All samples
  • 1980: All samples
  • 1970: All samples
  • 1960: --
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  • 1880: --
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  • 1850: --
Puerto Rico
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  • 1990: All samples
  • 1980: All samples
  • 1970: All samples
  • 1930: --
  • 1920: --
  • 1910: --

Flags

QEARN  QINCFARM 

Editing Procedure

There is no editing procedure available for this variable.