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PHONE
Telephone availability

Description

PHONE indicates whether residents of the housing unit had telephone access.

Codes and Frequencies



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Comparability

This variable does not mean exactly the same thing for all years. For the 1960 U.S. census and the 1970 U.S. and Puerto Rican censuses, the variable indicates whether or not residents of the housing unit had access to a telephone on which they could receive calls; the telephone could be located within or outside the housing unit, or even in another building. For the 1980-2000 U.S. and Puerto Rican censuses, the ACS and the PRCS, an affirmative response (code "2") means that the telephone was actually within the housing unit. The 2000 censuses, the 2000-2008 ACS, and the 2005-2008 PRCS asked specifically about the availability of telephone service, not simply the presence of a phone. The 2008 ACS and 2008 PRCS instructed respondents to include cell phone service; prior to 2008, this was not made explicit.

  • In the 2008 ACS/PRCS and 2006-8 multiyear ACS/PRCS, a Census Bureau processing error led to an increase in the allocation rate for PHONE (see the data quality flag QPHONE) and an understatement of the percentage of households without phone service. Please seeACS Errata #53 and #64 for more information about the errors and the revisions. In November 2010, the Census Bureau released revised data. The revised releases correct this error. PHONE reports these revised values.
We provide the original values in PHONEORIG so that users can analyze the differences in the revisions or replicate previous analyses. However, we recommend that users analyze the revised variable PHONE in their research.
  • There have been two occasions where problems in the collection of data on PHONE led to suppressing this variable in a selection of PUMAs. These suppressed cases were given a code of 8:
2012 ACS: Six PUMAs in Georgia were suppressed. This only affects data from the 2012 1-year ACS and 2012 cases from the 3- and 5-year 2012 ACS samples.
2015 ACS: One PUMA in Arkansas, two in Florida, one in Kentucky, and one in Wisconsin were suppressed. This only affects data from the 2015 1-year PUMS.
2016 ACS: One PUMA in Illinois, three in North Carolina, two in South Carolina and eight in Texas. This only affects data from the 2016 1-year PUMS.
For more information on PUMS estimates using PHONE (referred to as TEL in each document) see the Estimation sections of the Accuracy of the Data for the 2012 1-year PUMS, the 2015 1-year PUMS and the 2016 1-year PUMS.

Universe

  • 1960: Not group quarters.
  • 1970-2000: Not group quarters, not vacant units.
  • ACS, PRCS: Not group quarters, not vacant units.

Availability

United States
  • 2016: All samples
  • 2015: All samples
  • 2014: All samples
  • 2013: All samples
  • 2012: All samples
  • 2011: All samples
  • 2010: ACS; ACS 3yr; ACS 5yr
  • 2009: All samples
  • 2008: All samples
  • 2007: All samples
  • 2006: All samples
  • 2005: All samples
  • 2004: All samples
  • 2003: All samples
  • 2002: All samples
  • 2001: All samples
  • 2000: All samples
  • 1990: All samples
  • 1980: All samples
  • 1970: All samples
  • 1960: All samples
  • 1950: --
  • 1940: --
  • 1930: --
  • 1920: --
  • 1910: --
  • 1900: --
  • 1880: --
  • 1870: --
  • 1860: --
  • 1850: --
Puerto Rico
  • 2016: All samples
  • 2015: All samples
  • 2014: All samples
  • 2013: All samples
  • 2012: All samples
  • 2011: All samples
  • 2010: PRCS; PRCS 3yr; PRCS 5yr
  • 2009: All samples
  • 2008: All samples
  • 2007: All samples
  • 2006: All samples
  • 2005: All samples
  • 2000: All samples
  • 1990: All samples
  • 1980: All samples
  • 1970: All samples
  • 1930: --
  • 1920: --
  • 1910: --

Flags

QPHONE 

Editing Procedure


PHONE (Telephone availability)

ACS Years: 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015

ACS editing procedure:

In 2008, the question was clarified to include cell phones. This does not affect the editing procedure.

If a unit that is not vacant (VACANCY) was contacted through CATI (computer assisted telephone interview) the value of PHONE will have a value of "Yes." If a unit that is vacant (VACANCY), the value of PHONE will be "Not in universe."

If a unit is not vacant (VACANCY) and has a "Black, Don't know, Refused, or Bad Value" for PHONE, it will be allocated. The allocated value is the PHONE value from another non-vacant unit in the same geographic unit (it is not specified what level of geography is used). When this happens, the flag will show that the value is allocated (QPHONE).

Internal ACS variable : TEL