Data Cart

Your data extract

0 variables
0 samples
View Cart

Description

FARM identifies farm households. All group quarters are coded as non-farm, as are all housing units defined as outside the universe for FARM, above.

Codes and Frequencies



Can't find the category you are looking for? Try the Detailed codes

Comparability

The Census Bureau's methods for defining and identifying farms have changed several times:

  • For 1850-1880, the IPUMS constructs FARM from occupational data. Any household containing a person with the occupation "farmer" is coded as a farm.
  • For 1900, a household counted as a farm if a member of the household operated a farm. In 1900 and earlier years, it is not possible to tell whether members of the household actually lived on the farm or owned the farm they operated.
  • For the 1910 and 1920U.S. census samples, enumerators identified farms using the following criteria: any household located on either a tract of 3 or more acres used for any agricultural operations, regardless of the amount of labor or produce involved, or households on a tract of fewer than 3 acres that either yielded $250+ in produce sales in the previous year or employed at least one full-time farmer or agricultural laborer.
  • For the 1910 Puerto Rican census sample, a household counted as a farm if the head of house operated a farm.
  • For the 1920 Puerto Rican census sample, farm was not asked directly, thus farm status was determined based on whether or not enumerators had recorded a farm schedule for the household (see FARMSCHD).
  • For 1930-1950, enumerators simply asked respondents whether the house in which they lived was located on a farm.
  • For 1960 and 1970, a farm was either 1) a household on 10+ acres that yielded $50+ in produce, or 2) a household on fewer than 10 acres that yielded $250+ in produce.
  • For the 1980-2000 sample, the ACS and the PRCS, a farm was any household on 1+ acres that yielded $1000+ in produce in the prior year.

Universe

  • 1850-1950: Not group quarters, not available in Alaska or Hawaii in 1900.
  • 1960: Not group quarters, not in cities of 50,000+ inhabitants.
  • 1970: Not group quarters, not vacant units, not urban or suburban.
  • 1970 Puerto Rico: Not group quarters, not vacant units.
  • 1980: Not group quarters, not vacant units, not urban or suburban; not available for Puerto Rico.
  • 1990: Not group quarters, not vacant units, not multi-family dwellings.
  • 1990 Puerto Rico: Not group quarters, not vacant units, not urban.
  • 2000: Not group quarters, not vacant units, not multi-family dwellings.
  • ACS, PRCS: Not group quarters, not vacant units, not multi-family dwellings.

Availability

United States
  • 2017: All samples
  • 2016: All samples
  • 2015: All samples
  • 2014: All samples
  • 2013: All samples
  • 2012: All samples
  • 2011: All samples
  • 2010: ACS; ACS 3yr; ACS 5yr
  • 2009: All samples
  • 2008: All samples
  • 2007: All samples
  • 2006: All samples
  • 2005: All samples
  • 2004: All samples
  • 2003: All samples
  • 2002: All samples
  • 2001: All samples
  • 2000: All samples
  • 1990: All samples
  • 1980: All samples
  • 1970: All samples
  • 1960: All samples
  • 1950: All samples
  • 1940: All samples
  • 1930: All samples
  • 1920: All samples
  • 1910: All samples
  • 1900: All samples
  • 1880: All samples
  • 1870: All samples
  • 1860: All samples
  • 1850: All samples
Puerto Rico
  • 2017: All samples
  • 2016: All samples
  • 2015: All samples
  • 2014: All samples
  • 2013: All samples
  • 2012: All samples
  • 2011: All samples
  • 2010: PRCS; PRCS 3yr; PRCS 5yr
  • 2009: All samples
  • 2008: All samples
  • 2007: All samples
  • 2006: All samples
  • 2005: All samples
  • 2000: All samples
  • 1990: All samples
  • 1980: --
  • 1970: All samples
  • 1930: All samples
  • 1920: All samples
  • 1910: All samples

Flags

QACREPRO  QFARM  QFARMPRO 

Editing Procedure

There is no editing procedure available for this variable.