Data Cart

Your data extract

0 variables
0 samples
View Cart
POPRULE_HIST
Rule for linking father

Description

POPRULE_HIST reports why the IPUMS variable POPLOC linked the person to a probable father for samples prior to 1970. IPUMS establishes father-child links according to five basic rules, and POPRULE_HIST reports the number of the rule for the link in question. If a link could be made according to more than one rule, the lowest-numbered rule was applied. See also POPLOC, STEPPOP, "Family Interrelationships" , and New IPUMS Family Interrelationship Variables for more information.

The following codes are included in POPRULE_HIST:
0 = No father of this person present in household.
1 = Unambiguous relationship, based upon relationships to the head of household as listed on the form (see RELATE), or based on imputed relationship (IMPREL) for 1850-1870. This covers three basic cases:

  • a) a person listed as a son or daughter is linked to the person listed as the head or the spouse of the female head.
  • b) a person listed as head, brother, or sister is linked to the person listed as father.
  • c) a person listed as wife, brother-in-law, or sister-in-law is linked to a person listed as father-in-law.

2 = Persons listed as grandchildren are linked to the most proximate preceding (on the form) ever-married son, an unmarried son (if immediately followed by the grandchild), or son-in-law of the head, if the son/son-in-law is 15-79 years older than the grandchild. If no link is formed with a preceding male, the program looks for the most proximate subsequent male who satisfies these criteria.
3 = Other persons are linked to any preceding ever-married male who is 15-64 years older, so long as:

  • a) the two persons have listed (or imputed, for 1850-1870) relationships to the head that, when compared with one another, make a child-father link plausible,
  • b) there are no persons listed between the potential child and father, except the potential father's other children or wife, and
  • 4 = Same as rule 3, but surname similarity overrides the second part of rule 3. If more than one potential father is found in this way, the most proximate preceding male is linked. This rule can be applied only to samples with surname codes: 1850 to 1950.
  • 7 = If the child is already linked to a mother (see MOMLOC and MOMRULE), and that mother has a husband present in the household who has not been linked to the child by another rule, the husband is linked to the child as a stepfather, regardless of the age gap between the child and the stepfather.
  • The IPUMS performs the following consistency checks:
    • If the child was linked to a father and mother who were not married to one another, the IPUMS unlinked the father. If a husband and wife were both linked to the same father, the IPUMS chose the best parental link, based on detailed relationship, surname, and proximity within the household, as listed on the form.
    • If both parents were present but they were not married to each other, the IPUMS unlinked the father if his surname did not match that of the child. For years that lack surname information (the 1960 Census), the least proximate parent was unlinked (i.e., was presumed not be the biological parent).

Codes and Frequencies



Can't find the category you are looking for? Try the Detailed codes

Comparability

No information available.

Universe

  • All persons.

Availability

United States
  • 2017: --
  • 2016: --
  • 2015: --
  • 2014: --
  • 2013: --
  • 2012: --
  • 2011: --
  • 2010: --
  • 2009: --
  • 2008: --
  • 2007: --
  • 2006: --
  • 2005: --
  • 2004: --
  • 2003: --
  • 2002: --
  • 2001: --
  • 2000: --
  • 1990: --
  • 1980: --
  • 1970: --
  • 1960: All samples
  • 1950: All samples
  • 1940: All samples
  • 1930: All samples
  • 1920: All samples
  • 1910: All samples
  • 1900: All samples
  • 1880: All samples
  • 1870: All samples
  • 1860: All samples
  • 1850: All samples
Puerto Rico
  • 2017: --
  • 2016: --
  • 2015: --
  • 2014: --
  • 2013: --
  • 2012: --
  • 2011: --
  • 2010: --
  • 2009: --
  • 2008: --
  • 2007: --
  • 2006: --
  • 2005: --
  • 2000: --
  • 1990: --
  • 1980: --
  • 1970: --
  • 1930: All samples
  • 1920: All samples
  • 1910: All samples

Flags

This variable has no flags.

Editing Procedure

There is no editing procedure available for this variable.