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PRESGL
Occupational prestige score, Siegel

Description

PRESGL is a constructed variable that assigns a Siegel prestige score to each occupation using the occupational classification scheme available in OCC1950 variable.

The PRESGL variable is based on the series of surveys conducted at National Opinion Research Center during the 1960s. In all surveys, respondents were asked to evaluate either "general standing" or "social standing" of occupations. In the 1963 NORC survey (a replication of the 1963 North-Hatt study), respondents were asked to rate occupations with a scale of "excellent," "good," "average," "somewhat below average," and "poor." In the 1964 Hodge-Siegel-Rossi survey and the 1965 supplementary surveys, on a cardboard sheet showing a nine-rung ladder of social standing that ranged from "1" being the lowest social standing to "9" being the highest social standing, respondents were asked to sort cards with occupational titles. Using data from these multiple surveys, Siegel transformed occupational prestige rating data into a common metric.

For more information, see P. M. Siegel, "Prestige in the American Occupational Structure," Ph.D. dissertation, University of Chicago, 1971.

Siegel's original prestige score was based on the 1960 occupational classification scheme, which contained a slightly larger number of categories than the 1950 occupational classification scheme. In the few cases where we had to aggregate 1960 categories to harmonize them with the 1950 scheme, the prestige score was calculated as the weighted average of the 1960 occupational categories (based on the prestige value and number of cases in each 1960 category). There were also two cases where the 1950 scheme had more detail than the 1960 scheme used by Siegel (OCC1950 categories 10-29 and 600-615 were each combined into single 1960 categories). In those cases, we assigned the 1960 prestige score to all of the 1950 categories.

Alternative measures of occupational standing that are based on OCC1950 are available in EDSCOR50, ERSCOR50, NPBOSS50, OCCSCORE, and SEI. For information on the construction of OCC1950 and occupational standing measures, see "Integrated Occupation and Industry Codes and Occupational Standing Variables in the IPUMS."

User Note: There is significant debate about the usefulness of composite measures of occupational standing (in the IPUMS, these variables include SEI, HWSEI, NPBOSS50, and NPBOSS90). We strongly urge researchers to read our user note on this issue and to familiarize themselves with the debates surrounding the use of these variables.

Codes

PRESGL is a constructed 3-digit numeric variable that assigns a Siegel prestige score to each occupation using the occupational classification scheme available in OCC1950 variable. The PRESGL variable is based on a series of surveys conducted by P.M. Siegel at National Opinion Research Center during the 1960s. In all surveys, respondents were asked to evaluate either "general standing" or "social standing" of occupations. PRESGL has one implied decimal. For example, a PRESGL value of 227 should be interpreted as 22.7. This division is performed automatically in the extract setup files. PRESGL specific variable codes for missing, edited, or unidentified observations, observations not applicable (N/A), observations not in universe (NIU), top and bottom value coding, etc. are provided below if applicable by Census year (and data sample if specified).

User Note: There is significant debate about the usefulness of composite measures of occupational standing (in the IPUMS, these variables include SEI, HWSEI, NPBOSS50, and NPBOSS90). We strongly urge researchers to read our user note on this issue and to familiarize themselves with the debates surrounding the use of these variables.

PRESGL Specific Variable Codes
000 = N/A

Comparability

This variable is comparable across years.

PRENT offers a similar occupational prestige score variable that is based on the occupational classification scheme available in OCC1990.

In samples from 1960 onward, occupation information is available for many people who were not working at the time of the census. In 1960 and 1970, occupations were reported for persons who had worked within the previous ten years; and from 1980 onward, occupations were reported for persons who had worked within the previous five years. We assigned PRESGL values to these cases. Researchers who wish to exclude these cases from their analyses can use the LABFORCE variable to do so.

Universe

  • Persons with an occupational response (codes 000-970, excluding 595) recorded in OCC1950; not available for Puerto Rico.

Availability

United States
  • 2016: All samples
  • 2015: All samples
  • 2014: All samples
  • 2013: All samples
  • 2012: All samples
  • 2011: All samples
  • 2010: ACS; ACS 3yr; ACS 5yr
  • 2009: All samples
  • 2008: All samples
  • 2007: All samples
  • 2006: All samples
  • 2005: All samples
  • 2004: All samples
  • 2003: All samples
  • 2002: All samples
  • 2001: All samples
  • 2000: All samples
  • 1990: All samples
  • 1980: All samples
  • 1970: All samples
  • 1960: All samples
  • 1950: All samples
  • 1940: All samples
  • 1930: All samples
  • 1920: All samples
  • 1910: All samples
  • 1900: All samples
  • 1880: All samples
  • 1870: All samples
  • 1860: All samples
  • 1850: All samples
Puerto Rico
  • 2016: --
  • 2015: --
  • 2014: --
  • 2013: --
  • 2012: --
  • 2011: --
  • 2010: --
  • 2009: --
  • 2008: --
  • 2007: --
  • 2006: --
  • 2005: --
  • 2000: --
  • 1990: --
  • 1980: --
  • 1970: --
  • 1930: --
  • 1920: --
  • 1910: --

Flags

This variable has no flags.

Editing Procedure

There is no editing procedure available for this variable.