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PWPUMA
Place of work: PUMA

Description

PWPUMA identifies the location of the respondent's primary workplace, in terms of the Public Use Microdata Area, a Census Bureau-defined area of 100,000+ residents.

In the 1990 State sample, PUMAs generally follow the boundaries of groups of counties, single counties, or census-defined "places"; if such areas exceed 200,000 residents, they are divided into as many PUMAs of 100,000+ residents as possible. In the 1990 Metro sample, PUMAs generally follow the boundaries of central cities, metropolitan areas (see METAREA for the definition of this concept), or non-metropolitan places, and they are divided into as many PUMAs of 100,000+ residents as possible, if the population of such areas exceeds 200,000. Thus, while PUMAs in both samples designate geographic areas of 100,000+ residents, the codes and the logic of the geography of PUMAs differ for these 1990 samples.

In both the State and the Metro sample for 1990, the codes for PWPUMA are state-dependent (in the case of Puerto Rico, codes for PWPUMA are dependent on Puerto Rico), so PWPUMA can only be interpreted in combination with PWSTATE2.

PUMAs defined for place of work (PWPUMA) differ slightly from PUMAs defined for place of current residence (PUMA). PWPUMA provides detail to only 3 digits of the 5-digit PUMA code. Therefore, any PUMAs that use the fourth and fifth digit are aggregated together in PWPUMA.

Codes

This variable is only available for 1990. PWPUMA is a 3-digit numeric variable which identifies the location of the respondent's primary workplace, in terms of the Public Use Microdata Area, a Census Bureau-defined area of 100,000+ residents. In other years, the Census Bureau designated other areas of 100,000+ residents for analyzing place of work. PWPUMA specific variable codes for missing, edited, or unidentified observations, observations not applicable (N/A), observations not in universe (NIU), top and bottom value coding, etc. are provided below if applicable by Census year (and data sample if specified).

User Note: PUMAs are drawn and coded differently for the 1990 State and Metro samples. In the 1990 State sample, PUMAs generally follow the boundaries of groups of counties, single counties, or census-defined "places"; if such areas exceed 200,000 residents, they are divided into as many PUMAs of 100,000+ residents as possible. In the 1990 Metro sample, PUMAs generally follow the boundaries of central cities, metropolitan areas (See METAREA for the definition of this concept), or non-metropolitan places, and they are divided into as many PUMAs of 100,000+ residents as possible, if the population of such areas exceeds 200,000.

PWPUMA Specific Variable Codes
000 = N/A
999 = Abroad

See 1990 PUMA Maps and Composition for details regarding 1990 PUMA codes.

Comparability

This variable is only available for 1990. PWPUMA00 reports place of work in terms of PUMAs for the 5 percent sample of census 2000 and the 2005-onward ACS and PRCS samples. While conceptually analogous to PWPUMA, PUMAs did not necessarily retain the same boundaries or codes between 1990, 2000 and 2005 onward. For 1980, PWCNTYGP provides similar information on the location of the workplace, using county groups (counties, cities, or other census-designated places with 100,000+ residents) as the basic geographic unit.

Universe

  • Persons age 16+ who worked last week.

Availability

United States
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  • 1990: 5% state; 1% metro; 1% unwt; 3% elderly
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Puerto Rico
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  • 1990: All samples
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Flags

This variable has no flags.

Editing Procedure

There is no editing procedure available for this variable.