Data Cart

Your data extract

0 variables
0 samples
View Cart
PWPUMA00
Place of work: PUMA, 2000 onward

Description

PWPUMA00 identifies the location of the respondent's primary workplace, in terms of the Public Use Microdata Area (see PUMA), a Census Bureau-defined area of contiguous territory containing 100,000+ residents. The codes for PUMAs are state-dependent, so PWPUMA00 can only be interpreted in combination with PWSTATE2.

PUMAs defined for place of work (PWPUMA00) differ slightly from PUMAs defined for place of current residence (PUMA). In most cases, the two are identical. For a few cases, however, multiple PUMAs of residence are combined to form a larger PUMA of work. See Codes and Frequencies for the relationship between PWPUMA00 codes and PUMA codes.

USER WARNING:

  • The 2012 and 2013 ACS samples contain known POWPUMA coding errors on the original Census Bureau PUMS files for Wisconsin and Georgia. In Wisconsin the PWPUMA00 code of 00100 was mistakenly assigned to both Dane County and the group of Ashland, Bayfield, Burnett, Douglas, Iron, Price, Rusk, Sawyer, Taylor, and Washburn counties. Similarly, PWPUMA00 04000 in Georgia mistakenly identifies both Gwinnett County and Richmond County. The Census Bureau corrected this issue by assigning Gwinnett County a code of 04007 and Dane County a code of 00104 starting with the 2014 ACS.
  • The 2012, 2013, and 2014 ACS samples contain known POWPUMA coding errors on the original Census Bureau PUMS files for Virginia and South Carolina. In Virginia, the PWPUMA00 code of 51000 was mistakenly assigned to both the Charlottesville area (Albemarle, Fluvanna, Greene, Louisa, Nelson Counties, and Charlottesville city) and the Roanoke area (Alleghany, Botetourt, Craig, Franklin, and Roanoke Counties; and Covington, Roanoke, and Salem cities). Starting with the 2015 ACS, the Charlottesville area has a PWPUMA00 code of 51001. Similarly, in South Carolina, the PWPUMA00s for Lexington and Saluda Counties and for Calhoun, Fairfield, Kershaw, and Richland Counties were assigned duplicate codes of 00600. Starting with the 2015 ACS, Lexington and Saluda Counties has a PWPUMA00 code of 00606.
Note Regarding Multi-Year Samples: The Census Bureau redraws PUMA boundaries every 10 years based on population information gathered from the most recent decennial census. ACS samples incorporate the new PUMAs within a few years of the Decennial Census. See the comparability statement to see which PUMAs are used in each sample. In Multi-Year ACS files, PUMA boundaries depend on the original year the respondent was interviewed (see MULTYEAR). For example in the 2010-2012 3-year ACS sample, respondents from 2010 and 2011 correspond to the Census 2000 based PUMAs, while respondents from 2012 correspond to the Census 2010 based PUMAs.

Codes
PWPUMA00 is a 5-digit numeric code which identifies the location of the respondent's primary workplace, in terms of the Public Use Microdata Area (see PUMA), a Census Bureau-defined area of contiguous territory containing 100,000+ residents. PWPUMA00 is only available for the 5 percent sample of Census 2000, and the 2005-onward ACS and PRCS samples. Further, the codes for PUMAs are state-dependent, so PWPUMA00 can only be interpreted in combination with PWSTATE2. PWPUMA00 specific variable codes for missing, edited, or unidentified observations, observations not applicable (N/A), observations not in universe (NIU), top and bottom value coding, etc. are provided below by Census year (and data sample if specified).

User Note: PUMAs defined for place of work (PWPUMA00) differ slightly from PUMAs defined for place of current residence (PUMA). In most cases, the two are identical. For a few cases, however, multiple PUMAs of residence are combined to form a larger PUMA of work. See Codes and Frequencies for the relationship between PWPUMA00 codes and PUMA codes.

PWPUMA00 Specific Variable Codes
00000 = N/A or not identifiable
00001 = Did not work in the United States or in Puerto Rico

See links for details regarding PUMA00 codes:
Census 2010 based PWPUMA maps and Boundary Files
Relationship between Census 2010 PUMAs of Place of Work (PWPUMA00) and Census 2010 PUMAs
Census 2000 bases PUMA and Super-PUMA Maps, Boundary files and Detailed Composition
Relationship between Census 2000 PUMAs of Place of Work (PWPUMA00) and Census 2000 PUMAs

Comparability

This variable is only available for the 5 percent sample of census 2000, and the 2005-onward ACS and PRCS samples. The boundaries and PWPUMA00 codes are the same for the 2000 census and the 2005-2011 ACS/PRCS samples. 2012 onward ACS samples' PWPUMA00 codes are based on the 2010 Decennial Census. PWPUMA (available for 1990) is conceptually analogous but employs different codes. PWPUMAS, available for both the 1 percent and the 5 percent samples of census 2000, identifies the respondent's place of work in terms of the Super-PUMA (contiguous territory of 400,000+ residents within a state) where the workplace was located. For 1980, PWCNTYGP provides information similar to that in PWPUMA00, using county groups (counties, cities, or other census-designated places with 100,000+ residents) as the basic geographic unit.

Universe

  • 2000: Persons age 16+ who worked last week.
  • ACS, PRCS: Persons age 16+ who worked last week.

Availability

United States
  • 2016: All samples
  • 2015: All samples
  • 2014: All samples
  • 2013: All samples
  • 2012: All samples
  • 2011: All samples
  • 2010: ACS; ACS 3yr; ACS 5yr
  • 2009: All samples
  • 2008: All samples
  • 2007: All samples
  • 2006: All samples
  • 2005: All samples
  • 2004: --
  • 2003: --
  • 2002: --
  • 2001: --
  • 2000: 5%; 1% unwt
  • 1990: --
  • 1980: --
  • 1970: --
  • 1960: --
  • 1950: --
  • 1940: --
  • 1930: --
  • 1920: --
  • 1910: --
  • 1900: --
  • 1880: --
  • 1870: --
  • 1860: --
  • 1850: --
Puerto Rico
  • 2016: All samples
  • 2015: All samples
  • 2014: All samples
  • 2013: All samples
  • 2012: All samples
  • 2011: All samples
  • 2010: PRCS; PRCS 3yr; PRCS 5yr
  • 2009: All samples
  • 2008: All samples
  • 2007: All samples
  • 2006: All samples
  • 2005: All samples
  • 2000: PR 5%
  • 1990: --
  • 1980: --
  • 1970: --
  • 1930: --
  • 1920: --
  • 1910: --

Flags

This variable has no flags.

Editing Procedure


PWPUMA00 (Place of work: PUMA, 2000 onward)

ACS Years: 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015

ACS editing procedure:

Note: The ACS editing procedures draws on many more detailed place of work and place of residence variables than are released in the public data. They also use internal geography files to bridge over different years. Below, we describe their key steps; however, much of it refers to information that is not in the public use data.

If a person is out of the labor force, unemployed, not at work, or not in universe for EMPSTAT, PWPUMA00 will be replaced with "Not in universe."

If a person reports working from home (EMPSTAT and TRANWORK), PWPUMA00 will be replaced with the place of their residence. If the person reports working outside the United States, PWPUMA00 will be "Did not work in the United States or in Puerto Rico."

When a person is missing the information about the state where their work is located or it is left unspecified, it will be allocated. The Census first uses other respondents in the same residence tract, industry group, if they took public transit to work, and travel time to work. If it is not allocated, they will attempt again to allocate the value from other respondents in the same residence tract, industry group, and if they took public transit to work. If it is not allocated, they will attempt again to allocate the value from other respondents in the same residence county, industry group, and if they took public transit to work. If it is not allocated, they will attempt again to allocate the value from other respondents in the same residence county and industry group. If it is not allocated, they will attempt again to allocate the value from other respondents in the same residence county. If it remains not allocated, it will be replaced with the state of residence.

After determining the state of the place of work, the Census then uses the same allocation method to determine the county of place of work within the state of work. For a person whose county of place of work is missing, it will be allocated. The Census first uses other respondents with the same state of work, residency tract, industry group, if they took public transit to work, and travel time to work. If it is not allocated, they will attempt again to allocate the value from other respondents in the state of work, residence tract, industry group, and if they took public transit to work. If it is not allocated, they will attempt again to allocate the value from other respondents in the same state of work, county of residence, industry group, and if they took public transit to work. If it is not allocated, they will attempt again to allocate the value from other respondents in the same state of work, residence county, and industry group. If it is not allocated, they will attempt again to allocate the value from other respondents in the same residence county and state of work. If it remains not allocated, and place of work state is equal to state of residence, county of place of work will be replaced with the county of residence. If it remains not allocated, and place of work state is not equal to state of residence, county of place of work will randomly assigned based on the distribution of counties of work within their state of work.

The descending process described above in detail is then used to determine the borough within New York, minor civil division, and place for those that are left unspecified.

Internal ACS variable : POW