Questionnaire Text

2017 ACS 2011 ACS 2005 ACS 1990 5%
2016 ACS 2010 ACS 2004 ACS 1980 5%
2015 ACS 2009 ACS 2003 ACS 1970 Form 2 Metro
2014 ACS 2008 ACS 2002 ACS 1960 5%
2013 ACS 2007 ACS 2001 ACS 1950 1%
2012 ACS 2006 ACS 2000 5% 1940 1%
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2017 ACS
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26. Has this person ever served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces, Reserves, or National Guard? Mark (X) ONE box.
[ ] Never served in the military SKIP to question 29a
[ ] Only on active duty for training in the Reserves or National Guard SKIP to question 28a
[ ] Now on active duty
[ ] On active duty in the past, but not now
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26. Active duty means full-time service, other than active duty for training, as a member of the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, Coast Guard, or as a commissioned officer of the Public Health Service or the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, or its predecessors, the Coast and Geodetic Survey or Environmental Science Service Administration. Active duty also applies to a person who is a cadet attending one of the five United States Military Service Academies. for a person with service in the military Reserves or National Guard, mark the "Only on active duty for training in the Reserves or National Guard" box if the person has never been called up for active duty, mobilized, or deployed. for a person whose only service was as a civilian employee or civilian volunteer for the Red Cross, USO, Public Health Service, or War or Defense Department, mark the "Never served in the military" box. For Merchant Marine service, count only the service during World War II as active duty and no other period of service.

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2016 ACS
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26. Has this person ever served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces, Reserves, or National Guard? Mark (X) ONE box.
[ ] Never served in the military SKIP to question 29a
[ ] Only on active duty for training in the Reserves or National Guard SKIP to question 28a
[ ] Now on active duty
[ ] On active duty in the past, but not now
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26. Active duty means full-time service, other than active duty for training, as a member of the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, Coast Guard, or as a commissioned officer of the Public Health Service or the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, or its predecessors, the Coast and Geodetic Survey or Environmental Science Service Administration. Active duty also applies to a person who is a cadet attending one of the five United States Military Service Academies. for a person with service in the military Reserves or National Guard, mark the "Only on active duty for training in the Reserves or National Guard" box if the person has never been called up for active duty, mobilized, or deployed. for a person whose only service was as a civilian employee or civilian volunteer for the Red Cross, USO, Public Health Service, or War or Defense Department, mark the "Never served in the military" box. For Merchant Marine service, count only the service during World War II as active duty and no other period of service.

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2015 ACS
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26. Has this person ever served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces, Reserves, or National Guard? Mark (X) ONE box.
[ ] Never served in the military SKIP to question 29a
[ ] Only on active duty for training in the Reserves or National Guard SKIP to question 28a
[ ] Now on active duty
[ ] On active duty in the past, but not now
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26. Active duty means full-time service, other than active duty for training, as a member of the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, Coast Guard, or as a commissioned officer of the Public Health Service or the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, or its predecessors, the Coast and Geodetic Survey or Environmental Science Service Administration. Active duty also applies to a person who is a cadet attending one of the five United States Military Service Academies. for a person with service in the military Reserves or National Guard, mark the "Only on active duty for training in the Reserves or National Guard" box if the person has never been called up for active duty, mobilized, or deployed. for a person whose only service was as a civilian employee or civilian volunteer for the Red Cross, USO, Public Health Service, or War or Defense Department, mark the "Never served in the military" box. For Merchant Marine service, count only the service during World War II as active duty and no other period of service.

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2014 ACS
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26. Has this person ever served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces, Reserves, or National Guard? Mark (X) ONE box.
[ ] Never served in the military SKIP to question 29a
[ ] Only on active duty for training in the Reserves or National Guard SKIP to question 28a
[ ] Now on active duty
[ ] On active duty in the past, but not now
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26. Active duty means full-time service, other than active duty for training, as a member of the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, Coast Guard, or as a commissioned officer of the Public Health Service or the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, or its predecessors, the Coast and Geodetic Survey or Environmental Science Service Administration. Active duty also applies to a person who is a cadet attending one of the five United States Military Service Academies. for a person with service in the military Reserves or National Guard, mark the "Only on active duty for training in the Reserves or National Guard" box if the person has never been called up for active duty, mobilized, or deployed. for a person whose only service was as a civilian employee or civilian volunteer for the Red Cross, USO, Public Health Service, or War or Defense Department, mark the "Never served in the military" box. For Merchant Marine service, count only the service during World War II as active duty and no other period of service.

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2013 ACS
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26. Has this person ever served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces, Reserves, or National Guard? Mark (X) ONE box.
[ ] Never served in the military SKIP to question 29a
[ ] Only on active duty for training in the Reserves or National Guard SKIP to question 28a
[ ] Now on active duty
[ ] On active duty in the past, but not now
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26. Active duty means full-time service, other than active duty for training, as a member of the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, Coast Guard, or as a commissioned officer of the Public Health Service or the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, or its predecessors, the Coast and Geodetic Survey or Environmental Science Service Administration. Active duty also applies to a person who is a cadet attending one of the five United States Military Service Academies. for a person with service in the military Reserves or National Guard, mark the "Only on active duty for training in the Reserves or National Guard" box if the person has never been called up for active duty, mobilized, or deployed. for a person whose only service was as a civilian employee or civilian volunteer for the Red Cross, USO, Public Health Service, or War or Defense Department, mark the "Never served in the military" box. For Merchant Marine service, count only the service during World War II as active duty and no other period of service.

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2012 ACS
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26. Has this person ever served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces, military Reserves, or National Guard? Active duty does not include training for the Reserves or National Guard, but DOES include activation, for example, for the Persian Gulf War.
[ ] Yes, now on active duty
[ ] Yes, on active duty during the last 12 months, but not now
[ ] Yes, on active duty in past, but not during the last 12 months
[ ] No, training for Reserves or National Guard only -->SKIP to question 28a
[ ] No, never served in the military ->SKIP to question 29a
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26.For a person with service in the military Reserves, or National Guard, mark a Yes category only if the person has ever been called up for active duty other than for training. For a person whose only service was as a civilian employee or civilian volunteer for the Red Cross, USO, Public Health Service, or War or Defense Department, mark the "No, never served in the military" box. Count World War II Merchant Marine service as active duty; DO NOT count other Merchant Marine service as active duty.

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2011 ACS
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26. Has this person ever served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces, military Reserves, or National Guard? Active duty does not include training for the Reserves or National Guard, but DOES include activation, for example, for the Persian Gulf War.
[ ] Yes, now on active duty
[ ] Yes, on active duty during the last 12 months, but not now
[ ] Yes, on active duty in past, but not during the last 12 months
[ ] No, training for Reserves or National Guard only -->SKIP to question 28a
[ ] No, never served in the military ->SKIP to question 29a
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26.For a person with service in the military Reserves, or National Guard, mark a Yes category only if the person has ever been called up for active duty other than for training. For a person whose only service was as a civilian employee or civilian volunteer for the Red Cross, USO, Public Health Service, or War or Defense Department, mark the "No, never served in the military" box. Count World War II Merchant Marine service as active duty; DO NOT count other Merchant Marine service as active duty.

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2010 ACS
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26. Has this person ever served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces, military Reserves, or National Guard? Active duty does not include training for the Reserves or National Guard, but DOES include activation, for example, for the Persian Gulf War.
[ ] Yes, now on active duty
[ ] Yes, on active duty during the last 12 months, but not now
[ ] Yes, on active duty in past, but not during the last 12 months
[ ] No, training for Reserves or National Guard only -->SKIP to question 28a
[ ] No, never served in the military ->SKIP to question 29a
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26.For a person with service in the military Reserves, or National Guard, mark a Yes category only if the person has ever been called up for active duty other than for training. For a person whose only service was as a civilian employee or civilian volunteer for the Red Cross, USO, Public Health Service, or War or Defense Department, mark the "No, never served in the military" box. Count World War II Merchant Marine service as active duty; DO NOT count other Merchant Marine service as active duty.

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2009 ACS
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26. Has this person ever served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces, military Reserves, or National Guard? Active duty does not include training for the Reserves or National Guard, but DOES include activation, for example, for the Persian Gulf War.
[ ] Yes, now on active duty
[ ] Yes, on active duty during the last 12 months, but not now
[ ] Yes, on active duty in past, but not during the last 12 months
[ ] No, training for Reserves or National Guard only -->SKIP to question 28a
[ ] No, never served in the military ->SKIP to question 29a
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26.For a person with service in the military Reserves, or National Guard, mark a Yes category only if the person has ever been called up for active duty other than for training. For a person whose only service was as a civilian employee or civilian volunteer for the Red Cross, USO, Public Health Service, or War or Defense Department, mark the "No, never served in the military" box. Count World War II Merchant Marine service as active duty; DO NOT count other Merchant Marine service as active duty.

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2008 ACS
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26. Has this person ever served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces, military Reserves, or National Guard? Active duty does not include training for the Reserves or National Guard, but DOES include activation, for example, for the Persian Gulf War.
[ ] Yes, now on active duty
[ ] Yes, on active duty during the last 12 months, but not now
[ ] Yes, on active duty in past, but not during the last 12 months
[ ] No, training for Reserves or National Guard only -->SKIP to question 28a
[ ] No, never served in the military ->SKIP to question 29a
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25. For a person with service in the National Guard or military Reserves, mark a Yes category only if the person has ever been called up for active duty other than for training. For a person whose only service was as a civilian employee or civilian volunteer for the Red Cross, USO, Public Health Service, or War or Defense Department, mark the "No, never served in the military" box. Count World War II Merchant Marine service as active duty; DO NOT count other Merchant Marine service as active duty.

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2007 ACS
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26. Has this person ever served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces, military Reserves, or National Guard? Active duty does not include training for the Reserves or National Guard, but DOES include activation, for example, for the Persian Gulf War.
[ ] Yes, now on active duty
[ ] Yes, on active duty during the last 12 months, but not now
[ ] Yes, on active duty in past, but not during the last 12 months
[ ] No, training for Reserves or National Guard only -->SKIP to question 28a
[ ] No, never served in the military ->SKIP to question 29a
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20.
For a person with service in the National Guard or military Reserves, mark a Yes category only if the person has ever been called up for active duty other than for training. For a person whose only service was as a civilian employee or civilian volunteer for the Red Cross, USO, Public Health Service, or War or Defense Department, mark the "No, never served in the military" box. Count World War II Merchant Marine service as active duty; DO NOT count other Merchant Marine service as active duty.

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2006 ACS
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26. Has this person ever served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces, military Reserves, or National Guard? Active duty does not include training for the Reserves or National Guard, but DOES include activation, for example, for the Persian Gulf War.
[ ] Yes, now on active duty
[ ] Yes, on active duty during the last 12 months, but not now
[ ] Yes, on active duty in past, but not during the last 12 months
[ ] No, training for Reserves or National Guard only -->SKIP to question 28a
[ ] No, never served in the military ->SKIP to question 29a
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20.
For a person with service in the National Guard or military Reserves, mark a Yes category only if the person has ever been called up for active duty other than for training. For a person whose only service was as a civilian employee or civilian volunteer for the Red Cross, USO, Public Health Service, or War or Defense Department, mark the "No, never served in the military" box. Count World War II Merchant Marine service as active duty; DO NOT count other Merchant Marine service as active duty.

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2005 ACS
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26. Has this person ever served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces, military Reserves, or National Guard? Active duty does not include training for the Reserves or National Guard, but DOES include activation, for example, for the Persian Gulf War.
[ ] Yes, now on active duty
[ ] Yes, on active duty during the last 12 months, but not now
[ ] Yes, on active duty in past, but not during the last 12 months
[ ] No, training for Reserves or National Guard only -->SKIP to question 28a
[ ] No, never served in the military ->SKIP to question 29a
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20.
For a person with service in the National Guard or military Reserves, mark a Yes category only if the person has ever been called up for active duty other than for training. For a person whose only service was as a civilian employee or civilian volunteer for the Red Cross, USO, Public Health Service, or War or Defense Department, mark the "No, never served in the military" box. Count World War II Merchant Marine service as active duty; DO NOT count other Merchant Marine service as active duty.

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2004 ACS
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26. Has this person ever served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces, military Reserves, or National Guard? Active duty does not include training for the Reserves or National Guard, but DOES include activation, for example, for the Persian Gulf War.
[ ] Yes, now on active duty
[ ] Yes, on active duty during the last 12 months, but not now
[ ] Yes, on active duty in past, but not during the last 12 months
[ ] No, training for Reserves or National Guard only -->SKIP to question 28a
[ ] No, never served in the military ->SKIP to question 29a
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20.
For a person with service in the National Guard or military Reserves, mark a Yes category only if the person has ever been called up for active duty other than for training. For a person whose only service was as a civilian employee or civilian volunteer for the Red Cross, USO, Public Health Service, or War or Defense Department, mark the "No, never served in the military" box. Count World War II Merchant Marine service as active duty; DO NOT count other Merchant Marine service as active duty.

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2003 ACS
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26. Has this person ever served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces, military Reserves, or National Guard? Active duty does not include training for the Reserves or National Guard, but DOES include activation, for example, for the Persian Gulf War.
[ ] Yes, now on active duty
[ ] Yes, on active duty during the last 12 months, but not now
[ ] Yes, on active duty in past, but not during the last 12 months
[ ] No, training for Reserves or National Guard only -->SKIP to question 28a
[ ] No, never served in the military ->SKIP to question 29a
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20.
For a person with service in the National Guard or military Reserves, mark a Yes category only if the person has ever been called up for active duty other than for training. For a person whose only service was as a civilian employee or civilian volunteer for the Red Cross, USO, Public Health Service, or War or Defense Department, mark the "No, never served in the military" box. Count World War II Merchant Marine service as active duty; DO NOT count other Merchant Marine service as active duty.

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2002 ACS
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19. Has this person ever served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces, military Reserves, or National Guard? Active duty does not include training for the Reserves or National Guard, but DOES include activation, for example, for the Persian Gulf War.

[ ] Yes, now on active duty
[ ] Yes, on active duty in past, but not now
[ ] No, training for Reserves or National Guard only -->SKIP to question 22
[ ] No, never served in the military ->SKIP to question 22

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19.For a person with service in the National Guard or military Reserves, mark a Yes category only if the person has ever been called up for active duty other than for training. For a person whose only service was as a civilian employee or civilian volunteer for the Red Cross, USO, Public Health Service, or War or Defense Department, mark the "No, never served in the military" box. Count World War II Merchant Marine service as active duty; DO NOT count other Merchant Marine service as active duty.

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2001 ACS
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19. Has this person ever served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces, military Reserves, or National Guard? Active duty does not include training for the Reserves or National Guard, but DOES include activation, for example, for the Persian Gulf War.

[ ] Yes, now on active duty
[ ] Yes, on active duty in past, but not now
[ ] No, training for Reserves or National Guard only -->SKIP to question 22
[ ] No, never served in the military ->SKIP to question 22

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19.For a person with service in the National Guard or military Reserves, mark a Yes category only if the person has ever been called up for active duty other than for training. For a person whose only service was as a civilian employee or civilian volunteer for the Red Cross, USO, Public Health Service, or War or Defense Department, mark the "No, never served in the military" box. Count World War II Merchant Marine service as active duty; DO NOT count other Merchant Marine service as active duty.

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2000 5%
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20. a. Has this person ever served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces, military Reserves, or National Guard? Active duty does not include training for the Reserves or National Guard, but DOES include activation, for example, for the Persian Gulf War.
[] Yes, now on active duty
[] Yes, on active duty in past, but not now
[] No, training for Reserves or National Guard only --> Skip to 21
[] No, never served in the military --> Skip to 21

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1990 5%
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17a. Has this person ever been on active-duty military service in the Armed Forces of the United States or ever been in the United States military Reserves or the National Guard?
If service was in Reserves or National Guard only, see instruction guide.

[] Yes, now on active duty
[] Yes, on active duty in past, but not now
[] Yes, service in Reserves or National Guard only - Skip to 18
[] No - Skip to 18

For a person with service in the National Guard or a military reserve unit, fill one of the two Yes, active duty circles if and only if the person has ever been called up for active duty other than training; otherwise, mark Yes, service in Reserves or National Guard only. For a person whose only service was as a civilian employee or volunteer for the Red Cross, USO, Public Health Service, or War or Defense Department, mark No. Count World War II Merchant Marine Seaman service as active duty; do not count other Merchant Marine service as active duty.

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1980 5%
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18a. Is this person a veteran of active-duty military service in the Armed Forces of the United States?

If service was in National Guard or Reserves only, see instruction guide.

[] Yes [] No - Skip to 19

"Mark Yes if this person was ever on active duty in the U.S. Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, or Coast Guard, even if the time served was short. For persons in the National Guard or military reserve units, mark Yes only if the person was ever called to active duty; mark No if the only service was active duty for training."


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1970 Form 2 Metro
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[Only on Form 2]
26. If this is a man -
a. Has he ever served in the Army, Navy, or other Armed Forces of the United States?
[] Yes
[] No

"Mark Yes if he was ever on active duty in the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, or Coast Guard, no matter how short a time he served. Count only active duty in National Guard or Reserves. Mark No if he had only civilian duty in the Armed Forces or merchant marine. Mark No if he was in the National Guard or Reserves, but was not called to active duty. Mark No if his only military service in the Armed Forces of another country."


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1960 5%

No questionnaire text is available for this sample.


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1950 1%
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33. If Male (Ask each question):
Did he ever serve in the U.S. Armed Forces during:
33a. World War II
33b. World War I
33c. Any other time, including present service
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Military Service

Items 33a, b, c. Service in armed forces

252. Item 33. Entries required for each male 14 years old and over on sample line.-Check "Yes" or "No" for each of the three questions for every male 14 years of age and over on the sample lines. Service in the United States Armed Forces is defined as active duty for any time at all in the United States Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, Coast Guard, or any reserve branch of these organizations. The specified periods of service are defined as follows:

a. World War II.-September 16, 1940, to July 25, 1947.

b. World War I.-April 6, 1917, to November 11, 1918 (in Europe); to April 1, 1920 (in Russia).

c. Any other time including present service.

253. Exclusions.-Be sure to exclude persons whose only service was in the Merchant Marine, or as civilian employees of the Department of National Defense (formerly War and Navy Departments), as employees of the Maritime Commission and American Field Service, or as civilian technical personnel attached to the armed forces) etc. Also exclude service m a National Guard unit which was performed before or after World War II. Exclude also short periods of active reserve training, such as active duty for 2 weeks a year or attendance at weekly reserve meetings.

254. Type of service included.-Note that this question concerns service for any time at all. Therefore, males who were inducted and discharged a few days or a few weeks later should be considered as having served in the armed forces. Be sure to include males who never had combat duty or never went overseas. Some persons received commissions but remained at desk jobs and perhaps were stationed in their home town for the duration of the war. Include these people as well as persons who were engaged in actual fighting.

255. Respondent uncertain.-Enter the information which is known even if the knowledge is not complete. For example, if the respondent knows that a man in the household served in World War II but does not know about any previous service, mark "Yes" for World War II. If the respondent knows that a man in the household is attending school under the "GI Bill of Rights," you can mark "Yes" for World War II.


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1940 1%
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Veterans:
Is this person a veteran of the United States military forces; or the wife, widow, or under-18-year-old child of a veteran?

39. If so, enter "Yes."
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607. Column 39. Is This Person a Veteran of the military Forces of the United States, or a Wife, Widow, or Under-18-Year-Old Child of a Veteran?-Enter "Yes" in col. 39 for a man who served in the military forces of the United States (Army, Navy, or Marine Corps) in time of war or peace. This will not include men who are now in the active forces of the United States or who performed all of their military service in the National Guard, the Army, Navy, or Marine Reserves, Reserve Officers' Training Corps, Citizens' Military Training Camp, or other branch not a part of the regular military establishment.

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1940 1%
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40. If child, is veteran-father dead? (Yes or No)
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609. Column 40. If a Child, is the Father Dead? (Yes or No).-There must be an entry of "Yes" or "No" in col. 40 each under-18-year-old child for whom the entry "Yes" appears in col. 29. Leave col. 40 blank for all persons who are not under-18 year-old children of veterans.

610. Enter "Yes" for an under-18-year-old child of a veteran, whose veteran father is dead. Enter "No" for an under-18-year-old child of a living veteran.