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PWCITY
Place of work: city

Description

PWCITY indicates in which metropolitan area, if any, the person worked in the week prior to the census. PWCITY is constructed from PWCNTYGP in 1980, from PWPUMA in 1990, from PWPUMA00 in 2000, and from a combination of PWSTATE2 and PWPUMA00 in the 2005-onward ACS samples. Differing confidentiality restrictions and coding procedures limit the identifiable cities over time. (See CITY for details on limitations in identifying cities.)

In all years, many large cities cannot be identified. In 1990, 2000, and 2005 onward, a number of cities identified in CITY are not available in PWCITY. This is because the 1990, 2000, and 2005-onward samples often grouped several PUMAs (see PUMA) into a single larger PWPUMA (see the PWPUMA and PWPUMA00 variable descriptions for more details). No cities could be identified for the 2005-onward PRCS.

For the 1990 samples, the following cities are not uniquely identifiable within the three digits of detail provided in PWPUMA:

Metro Sample State Sample
 Code   City    Code   City  
 0010    Akron, OH    0010    Akron, OH  
 0130    Allentown, PA    0130    Allentown, PA  
 2090    Erie, PA    0190    Anaheim, CA  
 2390    Fullerton, CA    2090    Erie, PA  
 2930    Huntington Beach, CA    2390    Fullerton, CA  
 3490    Las Vegas, NV    2930    Huntington Beach, CA  
 4130    Milwaukee, WI    3490    Las Vegas, NV  
 5330    Philadelphia, PA    4130    Milwaukee, WI  
 5370    Pittsburgh, PA    5350    Phoenix, AZ  
 5430    Plano, TX    5370    Pittsburgh, PA  
     5890    Riverside, CA  
     6810    Sunnyvale, CA  

In 1980, responses to questions about workplace location were coded for only half the persons included in the IPUMS. These cases provide representative proportional distributions but not accurate absolute numbers for the population as a whole. To generate accurate absolute numbers, users should select cases coded as 2 in MIGSAMP and multiply by 2 as well as by PERWT.

In the 2005-onward ACS samples, the lowest level of geography identified was the PUMA. The 2005 through 2011 ACS samples had the same boundaries as the 2000 PUMA Census data. The Census Bureau has not released information associating the PUMA boundaries with 2005-onward city boundaries. For this reason, the 2005-2011 ACS version of PWCITY presents city classifications based on city boundaries from 2000. The 2005-2011 city boundaries in PWCITY are thus consistent with the 2000 PWCITY city boundaries.

Codes and Frequencies



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Comparability

Apart from universe differences, these variables are comparable.

Universe

  • 1980: Persons age 16+ who worked last week and reported their place of work in the United States or Puerto Rico; 50 percent of cases (see MIGSAMP).
  • 1990-2000: Persons age 16+ who worked last week.
  • ACS: Persons age 16+ who worked last week; not available for Puerto Rico.

Availability

United States
  • 2017: --
  • 2016: --
  • 2015: --
  • 2014: --
  • 2013: --
  • 2012: --
  • 2011: All samples
  • 2010: ACS; ACS 3yr; ACS 5yr
  • 2009: All samples
  • 2008: All samples
  • 2007: All samples
  • 2006: All samples
  • 2005: All samples
  • 2004: --
  • 2003: --
  • 2002: --
  • 2001: --
  • 2000: 5%; 1% old; 1% unwt; 1%
  • 1990: 5% state; 1% metro; 1% unwt; 3% elderly
  • 1980: 5% state; 1% metro
  • 1970: --
  • 1960: --
  • 1950: --
  • 1940: --
  • 1930: --
  • 1920: --
  • 1910: --
  • 1900: --
  • 1880: --
  • 1870: --
  • 1860: --
  • 1850: --
Puerto Rico
  • 2017: --
  • 2016: --
  • 2015: --
  • 2014: --
  • 2013: --
  • 2012: --
  • 2011: --
  • 2010: --
  • 2009: --
  • 2008: --
  • 2007: --
  • 2006: --
  • 2005: --
  • 2000: All samples
  • 1990: --
  • 1980: --
  • 1970: --
  • 1930: --
  • 1920: --
  • 1910: --

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Editing Procedure

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