- Questionnaire Text
- Source Variables
- Editing Procedure
SCHOOL indicates whether the respondent attended school during a specified period.
Codes and Frequencies
In 1900, enumerators were instructed to ask the question only of persons "of school age." Because this is vague, the IPUMS does not include an N/A category in this year. In 1910 and 1920 U.S. censuses, the question applied to persons age 5 to 21, but enumerators were to record "yes" for persons outside this range if they actually did attend school. In essence, the universe was all persons in these years. Since every person who did attend school should have given a positive response in the U.S. censuses of 1910 and 1920, blank responses are interpreted as "no."
The Puerto Rican censuses of 1910 and 1920 are arranged slightly differently. In 1910, the question applies to persons age 5-18 as well as to any other person who attended school since September 1st 1909. In 1920, the question applies to persons age 5-21 as well as to any other person who attended school since September 1st, 1919. Thus, the N/A category in the 1910 and 1920 Puerto Rican censuses for SCHOOL is restricted by age and school attendance, whereas in the U.S. census samples for 1910 and 1920 there is no N/A category.
In addition to universe shifts, definitions of school attendance varied in two ways, as follows:
- Time of attendance: A person was to have attended or been enrolled in school within a certain time span to be counted as having attended school:
|Year||Census day||School referent||Approx. period|
|1850-1900||June 1||within the past year||12 months|
|1910||April 15||September 1||7.5 months|
|1920||January 1||September 1||4 months|
|1930||April 1||September 1||6 months|
|1940||April 1||March 1||1 month|
|1950-2000||April 1||February 1||2 months|
|ACS||past 3 months||3 months|