Questionnaire Text

2019 ACS 2011 ACS 2003 ACS 1960 5%
2018 ACS 2010 ACS 2002 ACS 1950 1%
2017 ACS 2009 ACS 2001 ACS 1940 1%
2016 ACS 2008 ACS 2000 5% 1930 5%
2015 ACS 2007 ACS 1990 5% 1910 1%
2014 ACS 2006 ACS 1980 5%
2013 ACS 2005 ACS 1970 Form 2 Metro
2012 ACS 2004 ACS 1970 Form 1 Metro
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2019 ACS
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
29. a) LAST WEEK, did this person work for pay at a job (or business)?
[ ] Yes --> SKIP to question 30
[ ] No - Did not work (or retired)
b) LAST WEEK, did this person do ANY work for pay, even for as little as one hour?
[ ] Yes
[ ] No --> SKIP to question 35a

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2018 ACS
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
29. a) LAST WEEK, did this person work for pay at a job (or business)?
[ ] Yes --> SKIP to question 30
[ ] No - Did not work (or retired)
b) LAST WEEK, did this person do ANY work for pay, even for as little as one hour?
[ ] Yes
[ ] No --> SKIP to question 35a

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2017 ACS
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
29. a) LAST WEEK, did this person work for pay at a job (or business)?
[ ] Yes --> SKIP to question 30
[ ] No - Did not work (or retired)
b) LAST WEEK, did this person do ANY work for pay, even for as little as one hour?
[ ] Yes
[ ] No --> SKIP to question 35a

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2016 ACS
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
29. a) LAST WEEK, did this person work for pay at a job (or business)?
[ ] Yes --> SKIP to question 30
[ ] No - Did not work (or retired)
b) LAST WEEK, did this person do ANY work for pay, even for as little as one hour?
[ ] Yes
[ ] No --> SKIP to question 35a
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
29a-29b. Count as work - Mark the "Yes" box if this person performed:

  • Work for someone else for wages, salary, piece rate, commission, tips, or payments "in kind" (for example, food or lodging received as payment for work performed).
  • Work in own business, professional practice, or farm.
  • Any work in a family business or farm, paid or not.
  • Any part-time work including babysitting, paper routes, etc.
  • Active duty in the Armed Forces.
Do not count as work - Mark the "No" box if this person performed:

  • Housework or yard work at home.
  • Unpaid volunteer work.
  • School work done as a student.
  • Work done as a resident or inmate of an institution facility (like a nursing facility or correctional facility).

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2015 ACS
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
29.
a) LAST WEEK, did this person work for pay at a job
[ ] Yes SKIP to question 30
[ ] No - Did not work (or retired)
b) LAST WEEK, did this person do ANY work for pay, even for as little as one hour?
[ ] Yes
[ ] No --> SKIP to question 35a
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
29a-29b. Count as work - Mark the "Yes" box if this person performed:

  • Work for someone else for wages, salary, piece rate, commission, tips, or payments "in kind" (for example, food or lodging received as payment for work performed).
  • Work in own business, professional practice, or farm.
  • Any work in a family business or farm, paid or not.
  • Any part-time work including babysitting, paper routes, etc.
  • Active duty in the Armed Forces.
Do not count as work - Mark the "No" box if this person performed:

  • Housework or yard work at home.
  • Unpaid volunteer work.
  • School work done as a student.
  • Work done as a resident or inmate of an institution facility (like a nursing facility or correctional facility).

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2014 ACS
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
29.
a) LAST WEEK, did this person work for pay at a job
[ ] Yes SKIP to question 30
[ ] No - Did not work (or retired)
b) LAST WEEK, did this person do ANY work for pay, even for as little as one hour?
[ ] Yes
[ ] No --> SKIP to question 35a
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
29a-29b.

Count as work - Mark the "Yes" box if this person performed:

  • Work for someone else for wages, salary, piece rate, commission, tips, or payments "in kind" (for example, food or lodging received as payment for work performed).
  • Work in own business, professional practice, or farm.
  • Any work in a family business or farm, paid or not.
  • Any part-time work including babysitting, paper routes, etc.
  • Active duty in the Armed Forces.

Do not count as work - Mark the "No" box if this person performed:

  • Housework or yard work at home.
  • Unpaid volunteer work.
  • School work done as a student.
  • Work done as a resident of an institution.
42.If the person worked for a company, business, or government agency, print the name of the company, not the name of the person's supervisor. If the person worked for an individual or a business that had no company name, print the name of the individual this person worked for. If the person worked in his or her own un-named business, print "self-employed."

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2013 ACS
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
29.
a) LAST WEEK, did this person work for pay at a job
[ ] Yes SKIP to question 30
[ ] No - Did not work (or retired)
b) LAST WEEK, did this person do ANY work for pay, even for as little as one hour?
[ ] Yes
[ ] No --> SKIP to question 35a
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
29a-29b.

Count as work - Mark the "Yes" box if this person performed:

  • Work for someone else for wages, salary, piece rate, commission, tips, or payments "in kind" (for example, food or lodging received as payment for work performed).
  • Work in own business, professional practice, or farm.
  • Any work in a family business or farm, paid or not.
  • Any part-time work including babysitting, paper routes, etc.
  • Active duty in the Armed Forces.

Do not count as work - Mark the "No" box if this person performed:

  • Housework or yard work at home.
  • Unpaid volunteer work.
  • School work done as a student.
  • Work done as a resident of an institution.
42.If the person worked for a company, business, or government agency, print the name of the company, not the name of the person's supervisor. If the person worked for an individual or a business that had no company name, print the name of the individual this person worked for. If the person worked in his or her own un-named business, print "self-employed."

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2012 ACS
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
29.
a) LAST WEEK, did this person work for pay at a job
[ ] Yes SKIP to question 30
[ ] No - Did not work (or retired)
b) LAST WEEK, did this person do ANY work for pay, even for as little as one hour?
[ ] Yes
[ ] No --> SKIP to question 35a
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
29a-29b.

Count as work - Mark the "Yes" box if this person performed:

  • Work for someone else for wages, salary, piece rate, commission, tips, or payments "in kind" (for example, food or lodging received as payment for work performed).
  • Work in own business, professional practice, or farm.
  • Any work in a family business or farm, paid or not.
  • Any part-time work including babysitting, paper routes, etc.
  • Active duty in the Armed Forces.

Do not count as work - Mark the "No" box if this person performed:

  • Housework or yard work at home.
  • Unpaid volunteer work.
  • School work done as a student.
  • Work done as a resident of an institution.
42.If the person worked for a company, business, or government agency, print the name of the company, not the name of the person's supervisor. If the person worked for an individual or a business that had no company name, print the name of the individual this person worked for. If the person worked in his or her own un-named business, print "self-employed."

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2011 ACS
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
29.
a) LAST WEEK, did this person work for pay at a job
[ ] Yes SKIP to question 30
[ ] No - Did not work (or retired)
b) LAST WEEK, did this person do ANY work for pay, even for as little as one hour?
[ ] Yes
[ ] No --> SKIP to question 35a
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
29a-29b.

Count as work - Mark the "Yes" box if this person performed:

  • Work for someone else for wages, salary, piece rate, commission, tips, or payments "in kind" (for example, food or lodging received as payment for work performed).
  • Work in own business, professional practice, or farm.
  • Any work in a family business or farm, paid or not.
  • Any part-time work including babysitting, paper routes, etc.
  • Active duty in the Armed Forces.

Do not count as work - Mark the "No" box if this person performed:

  • Housework or yard work at home.
  • Unpaid volunteer work.
  • School work done as a student.
  • Work done as a resident of an institution.
42.If the person worked for a company, business, or government agency, print the name of the company, not the name of the person's supervisor. If the person worked for an individual or a business that had no company name, print the name of the individual this person worked for. If the person worked in his or her own un-named business, print "self-employed."

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2010 ACS
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
29.
a) LAST WEEK, did this person work for pay at a job
[ ] Yes SKIP to question 30
[ ] No - Did not work (or retired)
b) LAST WEEK, did this person do ANY work for pay, even for as little as one hour?
[ ] Yes
[ ] No --> SKIP to question 35a
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
29a-29b.

Count as work - Mark the "Yes" box if this person performed:

  • Work for someone else for wages, salary, piece rate, commission, tips, or payments "in kind" (for example, food or lodging received as payment for work performed).
  • Work in own business, professional practice, or farm.
  • Any work in a family business or farm, paid or not.
  • Any part-time work including babysitting, paper routes, etc.
  • Active duty in the Armed Forces.

Do not count as work - Mark the "No" box if this person performed:

  • Housework or yard work at home.
  • Unpaid volunteer work.
  • School work done as a student.
  • Work done as a resident of an institution.
42.If the person worked for a company, business, or government agency, print the name of the company, not the name of the person's supervisor. If the person worked for an individual or a business that had no company name, print the name of the individual this person worked for. If the person worked in his or her own un-named business, print "self-employed."

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2009 ACS
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
29.
a) LAST WEEK, did this person work for pay at a job
[ ] Yes SKIP to question 30
[ ] No - Did not work (or retired)
b) LAST WEEK, did this person do ANY work for pay, even for as little as one hour?
[ ] Yes
[ ] No --> SKIP to question 35a
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
29a-29b.

Count as work - Mark the "Yes" box if this person performed:

  • Work for someone else for wages, salary, piece rate, commission, tips, or payments "in kind" (for example, food or lodging received as payment for work performed).
  • Work in own business, professional practice, or farm.
  • Any work in a family business or farm, paid or not.
  • Any part-time work including babysitting, paper routes, etc.
  • Active duty in the Armed Forces.

Do not count as work - Mark the "No" box if this person performed:

  • Housework or yard work at home.
  • Unpaid volunteer work.
  • School work done as a student.
  • Work done as a resident of an institution.
42.If the person worked for a company, business, or government agency, print the name of the company, not the name of the person's supervisor. If the person worked for an individual or a business that had no company name, print the name of the individual this person worked for. If the person worked in his or her own un-named business, print "self-employed."

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2008 ACS
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
29.
a) LAST WEEK, did this person work for pay at a job
[ ] Yes SKIP to question 30
[ ] No - Did not work (or retired)
b) LAST WEEK, did this person do ANY work for pay, even for as little as one hour?
[ ] Yes
[ ] No --> SKIP to question 35a
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
29a-29b.

Count as work - Mark the "Yes" box if this person performed:

  • Work for someone else for wages, salary, piece rate, commission, tips, or payments "in kind" (for example, food or lodging received as payment for work performed).
  • Work in own business, professional practice, or farm.
  • Any work in a family business or farm, paid or not.
  • Any part-time work including babysitting, paper routes, etc.
  • Active duty in the Armed Forces.

Do not count as work - Mark the "No" box if this person performed:

  • Housework or yard work at home.
  • Unpaid volunteer work.
  • School work done as a student.
  • Work done as a resident of an institution.

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2007 ACS
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
23. LAST WEEK, did this person do ANY work for either pay or profit?

Mark (X) the "Yes" box even if the person worked only 1 hour, or helped without pay in a family business or farm for 15 hours or more, or was on active duty in the Armed Forces

[ ] Yes
[ ] No -> SKIP to question 29

36. For whom did this person work?

If now on active duty in the armed forces, mark (X) this box -> [ ] and print the branch of the Armed Forces

Name of company, business, or other employer

____________________________________

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
23.Count as work - Mark the "Yes" box if this person performed:

  • Work for someone else for wages, salary, piece rate, commission, tips, or payments "in kind" (for example, food or lodging received as payment for work performed).
  • Work in own business, professional practice, or farm.

  • Any work in a family business or farm, paid or not.
  • Any part-time work including babysitting, paper routes, etc.
  • Active duty in the Armed Forces.
Do not count as work - Mark the "No" box if this person performed:

  • Housework or yard work at home.
  • Unpaid volunteer work.
  • School work done as a student.
  • Work done as a resident of an institution.
36.If the person worked for a company, business, or government agency, print the name of the company, not the name of the person's supervisor. If the person worked for an individual or a business that had no company name, print the name of the individual worked for. If the person worked in his or her own un-named business, print "self-employed."

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2006 ACS
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
23. LAST WEEK, did this person do ANY work for either pay or profit?

Mark (X) the "Yes" box even if the person worked only 1 hour, or helped without pay in a family business or farm for 15 hours or more, or was on active duty in the Armed Forces

[ ] Yes
[ ] No -> SKIP to question 29

36. For whom did this person work?

If now on active duty in the armed forces, mark (X) this box -> [ ] and print the branch of the Armed Forces

Name of company, business, or other employer

____________________________________

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
23.Count as work - Mark the "Yes" box if this person performed:

  • Work for someone else for wages, salary, piece rate, commission, tips, or payments "in kind" (for example, food or lodging received as payment for work performed).
  • Work in own business, professional practice, or farm.

  • Any work in a family business or farm, paid or not.
  • Any part-time work including babysitting, paper routes, etc.
  • Active duty in the Armed Forces.
Do not count as work - Mark the "No" box if this person performed:

  • Housework or yard work at home.
  • Unpaid volunteer work.
  • School work done as a student.
  • Work done as a resident of an institution.
36.If the person worked for a company, business, or government agency, print the name of the company, not the name of the person's supervisor. If the person worked for an individual or a business that had no company name, print the name of the individual worked for. If the person worked in his or her own un-named business, print "self-employed."

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2005 ACS
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
23. LAST WEEK, did this person do ANY work for either pay or profit?

Mark (X) the "Yes" box even if the person worked only 1 hour, or helped without pay in a family business or farm for 15 hours or more, or was on active duty in the Armed Forces

[ ] Yes
[ ] No -> SKIP to question 29

36. For whom did this person work?

If now on active duty in the armed forces, mark (X) this box -> [ ] and print the branch of the Armed Forces

Name of company, business, or other employer

____________________________________

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
23.Count as work - Mark the "Yes" box if this person performed:

  • Work for someone else for wages, salary, piece rate, commission, tips, or payments "in kind" (for example, food or lodging received as payment for work performed).
  • Work in own business, professional practice, or farm.

  • Any work in a family business or farm, paid or not.
  • Any part-time work including babysitting, paper routes, etc.
  • Active duty in the Armed Forces.
Do not count as work - Mark the "No" box if this person performed:

  • Housework or yard work at home.
  • Unpaid volunteer work.
  • School work done as a student.
  • Work done as a resident of an institution.
36.If the person worked for a company, business, or government agency, print the name of the company, not the name of the person's supervisor. If the person worked for an individual or a business that had no company name, print the name of the individual worked for. If the person worked in his or her own un-named business, print "self-employed."

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2004 ACS
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
23. LAST WEEK, did this person do ANY work for either pay or profit?

Mark (X) the "Yes" box even if the person worked only 1 hour, or helped without pay in a family business or farm for 15 hours or more, or was on active duty in the Armed Forces

[ ] Yes
[ ] No -> SKIP to question 29

36. For whom did this person work?

If now on active duty in the armed forces, mark (X) this box -> [ ] and print the branch of the Armed Forces

Name of company, business, or other employer

____________________________________

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
23.Count as work - Mark the "Yes" box if this person performed:

  • Work for someone else for wages, salary, piece rate, commission, tips, or payments "in kind" (for example, food or lodging received as payment for work performed).
  • Work in own business, professional practice, or farm.

  • Any work in a family business or farm, paid or not.
  • Any part-time work including babysitting, paper routes, etc.
  • Active duty in the Armed Forces.
Do not count as work - Mark the "No" box if this person performed:

  • Housework or yard work at home.
  • Unpaid volunteer work.
  • School work done as a student.
  • Work done as a resident of an institution.
36.If the person worked for a company, business, or government agency, print the name of the company, not the name of the person's supervisor. If the person worked for an individual or a business that had no company name, print the name of the individual worked for. If the person worked in his or her own un-named business, print "self-employed."

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2003 ACS
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
23. LAST WEEK, did this person do ANY work for either pay or profit?

Mark (X) the "Yes" box even if the person worked only 1 hour, or helped without pay in a family business or farm for 15 hours or more, or was on active duty in the Armed Forces

[ ] Yes
[ ] No -> SKIP to question 29

36. For whom did this person work?

If now on active duty in the armed forces, mark (X) this box -> [ ] and print the branch of the Armed Forces

Name of company, business, or other employer

____________________________________

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
23.Count as work - Mark the "Yes" box if this person performed:

  • Work for someone else for wages, salary, piece rate, commission, tips, or payments "in kind" (for example, food or lodging received as payment for work performed).
  • Work in own business, professional practice, or farm.

  • Any work in a family business or farm, paid or not.
  • Any part-time work including babysitting, paper routes, etc.
  • Active duty in the Armed Forces.
Do not count as work - Mark the "No" box if this person performed:

  • Housework or yard work at home.
  • Unpaid volunteer work.
  • School work done as a student.
  • Work done as a resident of an institution.
36.If the person worked for a company, business, or government agency, print the name of the company, not the name of the person's supervisor. If the person worked for an individual or a business that had no company name, print the name of the individual worked for. If the person worked in his or her own un-named business, print "self-employed."

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2002 ACS
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
23. LAST WEEK, did this person do ANY work for either pay or profit?

Mark (X) the "Yes" box even if the person worked only 1 hour, or helped without pay in a family business or farm for 15 hours or more, or was on active duty in the Armed Forces

[ ] Yes
[ ] No -> SKIP to question 29

36. For whom did this person work?

If now on active duty in the armed forces, mark (X) this box -> [ ] and print the branch of the Armed Forces

Name of company, business, or other employer

____________________________________

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
23.Count as work - Mark the "Yes" box if this person performed:

  • Work for someone else for wages, salary, piece rate, commission, tips, or payments "in kind" (for example, food or lodging received as payment for work performed).
  • Work in own business, professional practice, or farm.

  • Any work in a family business or farm, paid or not.
  • Any part-time work including babysitting, paper routes, etc.
  • Active duty in the Armed Forces.
Do not count as work - Mark the "No" box if this person performed:

  • Housework or yard work at home.
  • Unpaid volunteer work.
  • School work done as a student.
  • Work done as a resident of an institution.
36.If the person worked for a company, business, or government agency, print the name of the company, not the name of the person's supervisor. If the person worked for an individual or a business that had no company name, print the name of the individual worked for. If the person worked in his or her own un-named business, print "self-employed."

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2001 ACS
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
23. LAST WEEK, did this person do ANY work for either pay or profit?

Mark (X) the "Yes" box even if the person worked only 1 hour, or helped without pay in a family business or farm for 15 hours or more, or was on active duty in the Armed Forces

[ ] Yes
[ ] No -> SKIP to question 29

36. For whom did this person work?

If now on active duty in the armed forces, mark (X) this box -> [ ] and print the branch of the Armed Forces

Name of company, business, or other employer

____________________________________

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
23.Count as work - Mark the "Yes" box if this person performed:

  • Work for someone else for wages, salary, piece rate, commission, tips, or payments "in kind" (for example, food or lodging received as payment for work performed).
  • Work in own business, professional practice, or farm.

  • Any work in a family business or farm, paid or not.
  • Any part-time work including babysitting, paper routes, etc.
  • Active duty in the Armed Forces.
Do not count as work - Mark the "No" box if this person performed:

  • Housework or yard work at home.
  • Unpaid volunteer work.
  • School work done as a student.
  • Work done as a resident of an institution.
36.If the person worked for a company, business, or government agency, print the name of the company, not the name of the person's supervisor. If the person worked for an individual or a business that had no company name, print the name of the individual worked for. If the person worked in his or her own un-named business, print "self-employed."

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2000 5%
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
21. LAST WEEK, did this person do ANY work for either pay or profit? Mark [X] the ?Yes? box even if the person worked only 1 hour, or helped without pay in a family business or farm for 15 hours or more, or was on active duty in the Armed Forces.
[] Yes
[] No --> Skip to 25a

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1990 5%
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
21a. Did this person work at any time LAST WEEK?

[] Yes - Fill this circle if this person worked full time or part time. (Count as part-time work such as delivering papers, or helping without pay in a family business or farm. Also count active duty in the Armed Forces.)
[] No - Fill this circle if this person did not work, or did only own housework, school work, or volunteer work. - Skip to 25.

Count as work - Mark Yes:
- Work for someone else for wages, salary, piece rate, commission, tips, or payments in kind (for example, food, lodging received as payment for work performed).
- Work in own business, professional practice, or farm.
- Any work in a family business or farm, paid or not.
- Any part-time work including babysitting, paper routes, etc.
- Active duty in Armed Forces.
Do not count as work - Mark No:
- Housework or yard work at home.
- Unpaid volunteer work.
- School work.
- Work done as a resident of an institution.

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1980 5%
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
22a. Did this person work at any time last week?
[] Yes - Fill this circle if this person worked full time or part time. (Count part-time work such as delivering papers, or helping without pay in a family business or farm. Also count active duty in the Army Forces.)
[] No - Fill this circle if this person did not work, or did only own housework, school work, or volunteer work. Skip to 25

"Mark Yes if the person worked, either full or part time, on any day of last week (Sunday through Saturday).

Count as work:

Work for someone else for wages, salary, piece rate, commission, tips, or payments "in kind" (for example, food, lodging received as payment for work performed).
Work in own business, professional practice, or farm.
Any work in a family business or farm, paid or not.
Any part-time work including babysitting, paper routes, etc.
Active duty in Armed Forces.
Do not count as work:
Housework or yard work at home
Unpaid volunteer work.
Work done as a resident of an institution.

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1970 Form 2 Metro
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
[All]
29a. Did this person work at any time last week?
[] Yes - Fill this circle if this person did full- or part-time work. (Count part-time work such as a Saturday job, delivering papers, or helping without pay in a family business or farm; and active duty in the Armed Forces.
[] No - Fill this circle if this person did not work, or did only own housework, school work, or volunteer work. Skip to 30

"Mark Yes if he worked on any day Sunday through Saturday of last week.

Count as work
Work for someone else for wages, salary, piece rate, commission, tips, or payment "in kind"
Work in own business, professional practice, or farm
Any work in a family business or farm, paid or not
Any part-time work
Active duty in the Armed Forces
Do not count as work
Housework or yard work at own home
Unpaid volunteer work.
Work done as an inmate of an institution."

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1970 Form 1 Metro
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
[All]
29a. Did this person work at any time last week?
[] Yes - Fill this circle if this person did full- or part-time work. (Count part-time work such as a Saturday job, delivering papers, or helping without pay in a family business or farm; and active duty in the Armed Forces.
[] No - Fill this circle if this person did not work, or did only own housework, school work, or volunteer work. Skip to 30

"Mark Yes if he worked on any day Sunday through Saturday of last week.

Count as work
Work for someone else for wages, salary, piece rate, commission, tips, or payment "in kind"
Work in own business, professional practice, or farm
Any work in a family business or farm, paid or not
Any part-time work
Active duty in the Armed Forces
Do not count as work
Housework or yard work at own home
Unpaid volunteer work.
Work done as an inmate of an institution."

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1960 5%
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
P22. Did this person work at any time last week?
Include part-time work such as a Saturday job, delivering papers, or helping without pay in a family business or farm. Do not count own housework.

[] Yes
[] No

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1950 1%
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
20.
  • If employed (Wk in Item 15, or Yes in Item 16 or Item 18), describe job or business held last week.
  • If looking for work (Yes in Item 17), describe last job or business.
  • For all other persons, leave blank.
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
159. Item 20 consists of three parts: 20a. Occupation; 20b. Industry; and 20c. Class of worker.-There must be an entry in all three parts of this item for every person with an entry of "Wk" in item 15, or "Yes" in items 16, l7, or 18.

All three parts of the item (20a, 20b, and 20c) must refer to the same particular job or business.

160. The particular job to describe.-For each person for whom the item is asked, we want to know about one job or business, as follows:

a. If the person worked last week ("Wk" in item 15 or "Yes" in item 16), describe the job or business at which he worked; if he worked at- two or more jobs, describe the job at which he worked the greatest number of hours last week;

b. If the person was looking for work ("Yes" in item 17), describe the last job or business he had; if he has never had a job or business (for example, a boy looking for his first job), enter "Never worked" in item 20a and dashes in items 20b and 20c;

c. If the person had a job or business from which he was absent last week ("Yes" in item 18) describe that job or business. If the job is one he is waiting to start (see par. 154f) describe his new job rather than his old job.
161. The three answers must be consistent.-Since the three parts of item 20 refer to a single job or business, the three answers must fit together to form a consistent description. For example, "Barber, Retail jewelry store, P" is obviously wrong; correct entries might be "Barber, Barber shop, P" or "Jewelry salesman, Retail jewelry store, P." (See par. l79 for class-of-worker codes.)

162. How to report members of the armed forces.-For persons now in the armed forces, enter "Armed forces" in item 20a and dashes in items 20b and 20c. Make this same entry for persons reported as looking for work whose last job was as a member of the armed forces. The term "Armed forces" means persons on active duty with the United States Army, Air Force, Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard. It does not include members of the Merchant Marine or civilian employees of the Departments of Defense, Army, Air Force, and Navy. (See pars. 252 and 253.)

163. How to report farm workers.-

a. The "farmer".- person responsible for the operation of a farm, either as an owner or tenant, should be reported as "Farmer" in occupation; "Sharecropper" is also an acceptable entry in occupation. His industry entry is "Farm." His class of worker is "O," regardless of whether he was an owner, tenant, or cropper.

Correct entries:
Farmer _____________Farm________O
Sharecropper ________Farm________O

b. The "farm hand".-A person who did general farm work for wages should be reported as "Farm hand" in occupation. His industry entry is "Farm." His class of worker is "P." (See par. g, below, on government farms.)

Correct entry: Farm hand___Farm___P

c. The "farm helper".- A relative of a farmer who did general farm work on the farm without pay should be reported as "Farm helper" in occupation. His industry entry is "Farm." His class of worker is "NP."

Correct entry: Farm helper__Farm___ NP

d. The "farm manager".- A person hired to manage a farm for someone else should be reported as "Farm manager" in occupation. His industry entry is "Farm." His class of worker is "P." (See par. g, below, on government farms.)

Correct entry: Farm manager__Farm__P

e. The "farm foreman".-A person hired to, supervise a group of farm hands should be reported as "Farm foreman" in occupation. His industry entry is "Farm." His class of worker is "P." (See par. g, below, on government farms.)

Correct entry: Farm foreman__Farm__P

f. Some farm workers, either paid or unpaid, do not do general farm work, but engage in only one type of work. The title of a particular farm job is a satisfactory entry for occupation. (See par. g below, on government farms.)

Examples:
Fruit picker_____Farm______P (or NP)
Cotton chopper__Farm______P (or NP)

g. Some farm hands, farm managers, and farm foremen work on government-operated farms. These farms may be part of a State agricultural experiment station, a county old folks' home, etc. Farm workers on the pay roll of such government-operated agencies or institutions should be reported in class of worker as "G."

Examples:
Farm hand__ State experimental farm _G
Fruit picker_County farm____________G

h. In the case of ranch workers, follow the same rules as you use for farm workers. In occupation, enter "Rancher" instead of "Farmer," "Ranch hand," instead of "Farm hand," etc. In industry, enter "Ranch" instead of "Farm." The class-of-worker codes, of course, remain the same. If you have any difficulty in deciding whether a place is a farm or a ranch, consider it to be a farm.

Examples:
Rancher__________Ranch__________O
Ranch helper______Ranch________NP

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1940 1%
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
21. Was this person AT WORK for pay or profit in private or nonemergency Gov?t. work during week of March 24-30? (Yes or No).
22. If not, was he at work on, or assigned to, public EMERGENCY WORK (WPA, NYA, CCC, etc.) during week of March 24-30? (Yes or No). If neither at work nor assigned to public emergency work. ("No" in Cols. 21 and 22).
23. Was this person SEEKING WORK? (Yes or No).
24. If not seeking work, did he HAVE A JOB, business, etc.? (Yes or No).
25. Indicate whether engaged in home house-work (H), in school (S), unable to work (U), or other (Ot).
a)If he has previous work experience, enter last occupation, industry, and class of worker;
or
b) If he does not have previous work experience, enter "New worker" in Col. 28, and leave Cols. 29 and 30 blank.
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
492. The labor force will be further subdivided on the basis of the information collected, as follows:

1. Persons at work during the week of March 24-30, 1940, in private work or nonemergency Federal, State, or local Government work-Government work other than WPA, NYA, CCC, local work relief, etc. ("Yes" in col. 21).

2. Persons at work on, or assigned to, public emergency project work-WPA, NYA, CCC, local work relief, etc. ("Yes" in col. 22).

3. Person who are seeking work, and are not in either of the classes above ("Yes" in col. 23).

4. Persons who have jobs, businesses, or professional enterprises from which they were temporarily absent during the week of March 24-30, 1940 ("Yes" in col. 24).

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1930 5%
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
Employment:
Whether actually at work yesterday (or the last regular working day):
28. Yes or No.
29. If not, line number of Unemployment Schedule.
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
225. Column 28. Whether actually at work yesterday ("Yes" or "No").-This question is to be asked with regard to all persons for whom an occupation has been entered in column 25. It will ordinarily refer to the day preceding the enumerator's call, and can be asked in the simple form "Was he at work yesterday?" In case "yesterday" was a holiday or the worker's "day off" or "rest day," the question should apply to his last regular working-day.

226. In certain occupations the employees have "rest days" in rotation. Some street car men, for example, begin their week's work on Tuesday and finish on Sunday, having a "rest day" on Monday. If you are enumerating such a man on Tuesday, you should find out whether or not he was at work Sunday, which would be his last regular working-day. Railway men may make runs on alternate days, working Monday, Wednesday, and Friday, for example, and "resting" on the intervening days. In every such case the question "Whether actually at work," must apply to the last regular working-day of the person enumerated.

227. Some men, such as longshoremen, coal miners, and laborers, have very irregular hours of work. In a case of this kind find out whether the man actually worked on the last working-day on which he might have been occupied. This will usually be literally "yesterday," unless "yesterday" was Sunday or a holiday.

228. Persons at work.-Write "Yes" if the person enumerated worked any part of the day to which the question applies. In the case of wage earners the question will offer no difficulty. In the case of men who run a business of their own it may not always be easy to determine whether the man is actually at work. In general, such men should be returned as "at work" if the business operates continuously under their orders, even though they may have been temporarily absent on the last regular working-day. The same return should be made for the professional or business man who is the active manager of an office, store, or factory, although he may be absent or not occupied with matters for which he receives pay on the day in question. For example, a man operating a cobbler's shop or an automobile repair and service station should be returned as at work on a given day if he spends any part of that day at the shop, even though he may not make any sales or do any work for which he receives payment. Similarly doctors, lawyers, dentists, and other professional men, and proprietors and managers of retail stores, who put in time at their place of business would be returned as "at work."

229. Farmers and farm laborers, including the members of the farmer's family who usually work on the farm, are to be considered at work if they are doing anything whatever in connection with the farm or with any farming activities or supplemental occupations.

230. Teachers in schools and college professors and instructors, if they hold positions, will be regarded as "at work," even though the enumeration date falls within the Easter or spring vacation. Highly skilled workmen, salesmen, foremen, superintendents, and managers whose pay is on a monthly or annual basis are to be returned as "at work" if they receive full pay and their working time is definitely engaged, even though they have days of partial or complete idleness now and then.

231. Persons who normally work only part time and who do not wish a full time job are to be returned as "at work," unless such part-time employment itself fails. For example, the waitress who works three hours daily during the lunch period is to be returned as at work if she was employed for this period "yesterday"; and the seamstress or laundress who regularly works one or more days a week, either at her own home or elsewhere, is to be returned as at work if she worked on her last regular working-day preceding the enumerator's visit.

232. Persons not at work.-Write "no" in case the person enumerated worked no part of the last regular working day. Men and women temporarily absent because of sickness, accidents, voluntary lay-offs, and all personal reasons are to be regarded as not at work, even though they continue to hold their positions.

233. Men locked out or on strike are "not at work," although in receipt of trade-union strike benefits or occupied in the conduct of the strike. Men who customarily work "by the job" are not at work if they have no job in process, even though actively seeking new contracts. Retail dealers are not at work if their last business has been permanently closed, although they may be planning a new enterprise. You will find, every now and then, a man who has been operating a small grocery or other retail store which has failed and who is, at the time of the enumeration, doing nothing at all which yields an income, but spending his time seeking new opportunities. Return such a man as not at work.

234. A woman reported as regularly pursuing some gainful occupation, in her own home or outside, in addition to doing her own housework, is to be returned as "not at work" if, for any reason, this gainful occupation fails, although she may continue to perform her household duties. Thus a woman who usually works as a laundress two days a week, in addition to her housework, is to be returned as "not at work" when the work as a laundress fails, even though she is quite fully occupied at home. Similarly the saleswoman in a store working daily in the rush hours, or on days of special sales, or on week-ends, is to be returned as not at work when this employment fails, although she may be busy at home duties.

235. Men who busy themselves with repair jobs, gardening, and home duties in the intervals of their regular occupation are to be returned as "not at work." Coal miners and longshoremen are to be returned as "not at work" if they are idle on the day to which the question applies, even though they get in as much time weekly as is usual at the mines or wharves where they are accustomed to labor. In general the list of those "not at work" should include all who did not labor at their gainful occupation on their last regular working day preceding the enumerator's visit.


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1910 1%
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image
21. Whether out of work on April 15, 1910.
Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image
144. Column 18. Trade or profession.?An entry should be made in this column for every person enumerated. The occupation, if any, followed by a child, of any age, or by a woman is just as important, for census purposes, as the occupation followed by a man. Therefore if must never be taken for granted, without inquiry, that a woman, or child, has no occupation.

145. The entry in column 18 should be either (1) the occupation pursued?that is, the word or words which most accurately indicate the particular kind of work done by which the person enumerated earns money or a money equivalent, as physician, carpenter, dressmaker, night watchman, laborer, newsboy; or (2) own income; or (3) none (that is, no occupation).

146. The entry own income should be made in the case of all persons who follow no specific occupation but have an independent income upon which they are living.