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FARMPROD
Sales of farm products

Description

FARMPROD, which applies primarily to rural households, reports the previous year's gross sales of farm produce in contemporary dollars. For censuses, the reference period is the previous calendar year; for the ACS and the PRCS, it is the past 12 months. The Census Bureau used this variable to determine farm status (see FARM).

In 1960, not all households received this question, and only households outside cities with 50,000+ residents in the IPUMS include the question. Such cases accurately represent proportional distributions but not correct absolute numbers. See SAMP1960 for instructions on making appropriate corrections to derive absolute numbers for the total population outside cities with 50,000+ residents.

Codes

FARMPROD codes and corresponding dollar intervals:

Code
1960
1970
1980 Puerto Rico
1980
1990 Puerto Rico
1990, 2000, ACS/PRCS
0 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
  Under 10 acres and:          
1 $0-249 in sales $0-49 in sales None $0-49 in sales None $0
2 $250+ $50-249 $1-99 $50-249 $1-99 $1-999
  10+ acres and:          
3 $0-49 in sales $250-2499 $100-199 $250-599 $100-499 $1000-2499
4 $50+ $2,500-4999 $200-299 $600-999 $500-999 $2500-4999
5   $5000-9999 $300-499 $1000-2499 $1000-2499 $5000-9999
6   $10,000+ $500+ $2500+ $2500+ $10,000+
Top Code
$250 (<10 acres)
$50 (10+ acres)
$10,000
$500
$2,500
$2,500
$10,000

Comparability

Largely because methods for determining farm status changed, FARMPROD's universe varied across years. For 1960, sales amounts were reported in different intervals for units on less than 10 acres than for units on 10+ acres. Furthermore, different years grouped dollar amounts into different intervals, so the IPUMS codes are generally not compatible across samples and years. As the codes and frequencies indicate, each year's intervals were coded separately, so, for the most part a particular IPUMS code stands for a different amount in each year. The codes are the same for the 1990-2000 censuses, the ACS and the PRCS.

Universe

  • 1960: Not group quarters, not city lots, not in cities with 50,000+ residents (see SAMP1960).
  • 1970: Not group quarters, not city lots, not vacant units; not available for Puerto Rico.
  • 1980: Not group quarters, not urban, city, or suburban lots, not rural lots under 1 acre, not vacant units.
  • 1980 Puerto Rico: Not group quarters, not urban, city, or suburban lots, not vacant units.
  • 1990: Not group quarters, not lots under 1 acre, not vacant or multiple units.
  • 1990 Puerto Rico: Not group quarters, not vacant or multiple units.
  • 2000: Not group quarters, not lots under 1 acre, not vacant or multiple units.
  • ACS, PRCS: Not group quarters, not lots under 1 acre, not vacant or multiple units.

Availability

United States
  • 2018: All samples
  • 2017: All samples
  • 2016: All samples
  • 2015: All samples
  • 2014: All samples
  • 2013: All samples
  • 2012: All samples
  • 2011: All samples
  • 2010: ACS; ACS 3yr; ACS 5yr
  • 2009: All samples
  • 2008: All samples
  • 2007: All samples
  • 2006: All samples
  • 2005: All samples
  • 2004: All samples
  • 2003: All samples
  • 2002: All samples
  • 2001: All samples
  • 2000: All samples
  • 1990: All samples
  • 1980: All samples
  • 1970: All samples
  • 1960: All samples
  • 1950: --
  • 1940: --
  • 1930: --
  • 1920: --
  • 1910: --
  • 1900: --
  • 1880: --
  • 1870: --
  • 1860: --
  • 1850: --
Puerto Rico
  • 2018: All samples
  • 2017: All samples
  • 2016: All samples
  • 2015: All samples
  • 2014: All samples
  • 2013: All samples
  • 2012: All samples
  • 2011: All samples
  • 2010: PRCS; PRCS 3yr; PRCS 5yr
  • 2009: All samples
  • 2008: All samples
  • 2007: All samples
  • 2006: All samples
  • 2005: All samples
  • 2000: All samples
  • 1990: All samples
  • 1980: All samples
  • 1970: --
  • 1930: --
  • 1920: --
  • 1910: --

Flags

QFARMPRO 

Editing Procedure


FARMPROD (Agricultural sales)

ACS Years: 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015

ACS editing procedure:

If a person living on a lot that is more than one acre (ACREHOUS; note that IPUMS harmonization pools those under 1 acre and between 1 and 9.9 acres) has an agricultural sales (FARMPROD) that is blank, don't know, refused, or a bad value, the value of FARMPROD is allocated. The allocated value is a FARMPROD value of another unit of the same type of building (UNITSSTR) and lot size (ACREHOUS) and in the same geographic unit (it is not specified what level of geography is used). When this happens, the flag will show that the value is allocated (QFARMPRO)

In the computer assisted telephone interviews and computer assisted personal interviews (RESPMODE), some respondents stated "Yes" to the question about agricultural sales, rather than giving a numerical value. When this occurs, FARMPROD is allocated a value from another unit with the same building type (UNITSSTR) and lot size (ACREHOUS) and where FARMPROD was a positive value. When this happens, the flag will show that the value is allocated (QFARMPRO)

If the lot size (ACREHOUS) is less than 1 or is blank, don't know, refused, or a bad value, but they report a positive value for FARMPROD, it will be changed to a missing value. Likewise, if a unit is vacant (VACANCY), but there is a positive value for FARMPROD, it will be replaced with a missing value.

Internal ACS variable : AGS