1980 Ancestry Codes Components

(Back to Other Variable Appendices Index)

INTRODUCTION

Ancestry refers to respondents' written entries on the census questionnaire. Some entries may appear to be indicative of race, country of origin, ethnicity, etc., but are not usable as such. Other entries (such as Eurasian) may be considered to be indicative of multiple entries, but are treated as single ancestry categories for census purposes. The ancestry categories are not edited to be consistent with other responses for a person, and usage for other than ancestry tabulations may yield inconsistent or erroneous results.

For census publications and summary tape files, the following priority rules were established for identifying a person as being of single ancestry, multiple ancestry, as having ancestry classified as not specified, or as having ancestry not reported.

Each person is assigned a 6-digit code. The first 3 digits comprise the first ancestry code and the last three digits the second ancestry code.

  1. A person is of single ancestry,

    If the first code is 0 to 899, 903 to 905, or 908 to 919 and the second code is 900 to 902, 906, 907 or 937-999. The single ancestry is that specified in the first code.

    If both the first and second codes are 0 to 899, 903 to 905, or 908 to 919 and the first and second codes are equal or are entries within a grouping defined as a common ancestry (see the end of this appendix), ever, the user may choose variations from the common ancestry groupings.

  2. A person is of multiple ancestry,

    If the first code is 920 to 936. (Second code is irrelevant.)

    If both the first code and second codes are 0 to 899, 903 to 905 or 908 to 919 and the first and second codes are not entries within a grouping defined as a common ancestry.

  3. A person is classified as having ancestry not specified, if the first code is 900 to 902, 906, 907, or 937 to 998. (Second code is irrelevant.)

  4. A person is classified as not reported, if the first code is 999. (Second code is irrelevant.)

Tabulations of ancestry may necessitate the counting of an individual more than once. For example, in a particular tabulation the category of persons of "English ancestry" could include those persons of mixed ancestry with English identified as one of the multiple origins as well as those who specify English as their only ancestry. Persons of multiple ancestry may also be tabulated for each of the other ancestry groups depending on the tally specifications. Following is a list of the ancestry categories and codes:

001-099
(Western Europe - except Spain)
500-599
(Subsaharan Africa)
920-936
(Unique Three-Origin Multiple Ancestry Categories)
100-199
(Eastern Europe and Russia)
600-699
(South Asia)
937-999
(Residual Categories and No Response)
200-299
(Spanish Categories)
700-799
(Other Asia)
1-911
(Code Ranges for Common Ancestries)
300-399
(Caribbean, Central and South America - except Spanish Categories)
800-899
(Pacific)
400-499
(North Africa and Southwest Asia)
900-919
(North American - except Spanish Categories)

001-099: Western Europe - except Spain
Code Ancestry
001 Austrian
002 Tirolean
003 Andorran
004 Basque
005 Belgian
006 Flemish (Flamand, Vlamand)
007 Walloon
008 Cypriot
009 Greek-Cypriote
010 Turk-Cypriote
011 Icelander
012 Danish
013 Faeroe Islander
014 Dutch (Hollander, Netherlander)
015 Frisian
016 English (Anglican)
017 Channel Islander, Guernsey Islander, Jersey Islander
018 Cornish
019 Welsh
020 Scottish (Orkney Islander, Pict, Shetland)
021 Manx
022 Northern Irelend (Ulsterite, Orangeman, Antrim, Armagh, Down, Fermanagh, Derry, Londonderry, Tyrone)
024 Finnish
025 Livonian
026 Karelian
027 Aland Islander
028 French (French Creole, Gascon, Provencal, Norman)
029 Breton
030 Corsican
031 French Basque
032 German (East German, West German, Pennsylvania Dutch, Pennsylvania German)
033 Bavarian
034 Berlin
035 Black Sea German (Volga)
036 Hamburg
037 Hannover
038 Hessian
039 Lubecker
040 Lusatian Sorb (Wendish)
041 Prussian
042 Saxon
043 Westphalian
044 Sudetenlander
045 Gibraltan
046 Greek
047 Cretan
048 Cycladic Islander, (Dodecanese Islander, Peloponnesian)
050 Irish (Celtic, Dubliner, Eire, Clare, Cork, Donegal, Galway, Kerry, Kildare, Kilkenny, Laoighis, Leitrim, Limerick, Longford, Louth, Mayo, Meath, Monaghan, Offaly, Roscommon, Sligo, Tipperary, Waterford, Westmeath, Wexford, Wicklow)
052 Italian (San Marino, Trieste)
053 Abruzzi
054 Apulian
055 Basilicata (Lucania)
056 Calabrian
057 Campanian (Amalfian)
058 Emilia-Romagna
059 Friulian
060 Rome (Vatican City, Lazio)
061 Ligurian
062 Lombardian
063 Marches
064 Molise
065 Piedmontese
066 Puglia
067 Sardinian
068 Sicilian
069 Tuscan
070 Trentino
071 Umbrian
072 Valle DíAosta
073 Venetian
074 Liechtensteiner
075 Luxemburger
076 Maltese (Gozo)
077 Monegasque (Monacan)
078 Norwegian (Jan Meyer Islander, Spitsbergen Sualband Islander)
079 Portuguese (Lusitanian)
080 Azorean
081 Madeiran
082 Swedish
083 Swiss
084 Schweiz, Suisse, Switzer
085 Ladin, Romansch
086 Ticino
087 Suisse-Romane
088 Lapp ( Samelat)
089 Scandinavian (Nordic)
090 Alsatian
091 Lorrainian
092 European
093 Western European
094 Northern European
095 Southern European
096 British Isles
097 British (United Kingdom)
098 Acadian (Cajun)

100-199: Eastern Europe and Russia
Code Ancestry
100 Albanian (Greg, Tosc)
102 Bulgarian (Eastern Rumelian)
103 Macedonian
104 Czechoslovakian (Czech)
105 Bohemian (Moravian)
106 Slovak
111 Estonian
113 Hungarian
114 Magyar
117 Latvian (Lettish)
120 Lithuanian (Jmoud)
122 Polish (Masurian)
123 Pomeranian (Silesian)
124 Kashubian
125 Rumanian
126 Bessarabian (Bucovina, Dobruja)
127 Moldavian
128 Transylvanian
129 Vlach (Wallachian)
131 Yugoslavian (not elsewhere classified)
133 Croatian (Dalmatian, Zadar)
136 Serbian (Bosnian, Herzegovinian, Montenegrin)
137 Slovene
140 Russian
141 Muscovite
142 Crimean (Kuril Islander, Sakhalin Islander, Siberian, Buriat, Dagestan, Balkar, Komi, Mari, Tuva)
143 Abjerbaijani
144 Bashkir
145 Chevash
146 Yakut
147 Cossack (Kazak)
148 Kirghiz
149 Mordovian
150 Ossetian
151 Tadzhik (Tajik)
152 Tartar
153 Turcoman (Turkman)
154 Udmurt
155 Usbeg (Uzbek)
156 Votyak
159 Armenian
161 Georgian
163 Ruthenian (Little Russian, Malo-Russian)
164 Carpathian (Carpatho)
166 Ukrainian
168 Belorussian (White Russian)
170 Slav (Slavic)
172 Gypsy (Rom, Boyash, Cali, Dom, Kalderdash, Luri, Nat Senti)
173 Eastern European
174 Central European

200-299: Spanish Categories
Code Ancestry
200 Spaniard (Espanol, Castilian, Iberian, Valencian)
201 Balearic Islander (Canarian, Majorcan, Mallorcan)
202 Spanish Basque (Vasco, Euskalduna)
203 Catalonian
204 Galician (Gallego)
205 Spanish
206 Spanish American
207 Hispanic (Hispano)
208 Californio
209 Mexican (Mexicano)
210 Mexican-American
211 Nuevo Mexicano (Tejano, Aquascalientes, Baja California, Campeche, Chiapas, Colima, Durango, Hidalgo, Jalisco, La Raza, Michoacan, Morelos, Nahuatl, Oaxaca, Puebla, Quere taro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Yucatan, Zacatecas)
212 Chicano
213 Puerto Rican (Boricua)
214 Cuban (Guajiro)
215 Dominican
216 Argentinean
217 Bolivian
218 Chilean
219 Colombian
221 Costa Rican
223 Ecuadorian (Galapagos Islander)
225 Guatemalan
227 Honduran
229 Nicaraguan
231 Panamanian (Canal Zone)
233 Paraguayan
235 Peruvian
237 Salvadoran
239 Uruguayan
241 Venezuelan
242 Central American (Latin American, Latino)
243 South American (Criollo)

300-399: Caribbean, Central and South America - except Spanish Categories
Code Ancestry
300 Bahamian
304 Cayman Islander
306 Haitian
308 Jamaican
310 Dutch West Indies (Black Dutch, Netherlands Antilles)
311 Aruba Islander (Bonaire Islander, Curacao Islander)
312 Saba Islander (St. Eustatius Islander, St. Maarten Islander (Dutch)
314 Trinidadian/Tobagonian
315 Trinidadian
316 Tobagonian
320 U.S. Virgin Islander (Islanders: St. Croix, St. John, St. Thomas, Cruzan)
321 British Virgin Islander (Barbudan, Tortolan)
322 Caribbean
323 British West Indian
324 Turks & Caicos Islander
325 Anguilla Islander (Islanders: Montserrat, Nevis, Redonda, St. Kitts, Sombrero)
326 St. Christopher Islander (St. Vincent Islander)
327 Dominica Islander
328 Grenada Islander
329 St. Lucia Islander
330 French West Indies
331 Guadeloupe Islander (Martinique Islander, St. Martin Islander [French])
332 Cayenne (French Guianese)
333 West Indian
334 Arawak (Black Carib, Carib, Garifuna)
335 Belizean (British Honduran)
336 Brazilian
337 San Andres
338 Guyanese (British Guiana)
339 Providencia
340 Surinam (Dutch Guiana)
341 Barbadian

400-499: North Africa and Southwest Asia
Code Ancestry
400 Algerian
402 Egyptian (Copht, Fellah, United Arab Republic)
404 Libyan (Tripolitanian)
406 Moroccan (Tangier)
407 Ifni
408 Tunisian
409 Moor
410 Berber
411 North African
412 Alhucemas (Ceuta, Melilla, Chafarinas)
413 Rio de Oro (Saguia el Hamra)
414 Bahraini
415 Iranian (Tehran, Persian)
417 Iraqi
419 Israeli
421 Jordanian (Hashemite)
423 Kuwaiti
425 Lebanese (Beirut)
427 Saudi Arabian
429 Syrian (Druse)
430 Aramean
431 Jebel Druse
432 Latakian
434 Turkish (Gordian, Hatay, Asia Minor)
435 Yemeni (Yemen Arab Republic)
436 Muscat
437 Omani
438 Trucial Ornan
439 Qatar
440 Aden
441 Kuria Muria Islander
442 Bedouin
443 Kurd
444 Palestinian
445 Trans-Jordan
446 Gazan
447 West Bank
448 People's Democratic Republic of Yemen (South Yemen)
449 Arabian
450 Middle Eastern
451 United Arab Emirates (Trucial States, Abud Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Ras al Kaimah, Umm al Qaiwain)
452 Assyrian (Chaldean, Jacobite, Nestorian)
500 Angolan (Cabinda)
502 Benin (Dahoman, Fon)
504 Baswana (Bechuanaland)
506 Burundian (Urundi)
508 Cameroonian (Fako)
510 Cape Verdean (Brava)
512 Central African Republic (Ubangi, Shari)
513 Chadian
515 Congolese
516 Congo-Brazzaville
519 Djibouti (jibuti, Afars, Issas)
520 Equatorial Guinea (Rio Muni)
521 Annobon Islander (Islanders: Bioko, Corsico, Elobeis, Fernando Po)
522 Ethiopian (Abyssinian)
523 Eritrean
525 Gabonese
527 Gambian
529 Ghanian (Ashanti, Gold Coast, Twi)
530 Guinean
531 Guinea Bissau
532 Ivory Coast
534 Kenyan
538 Lesotho (Basuto)
541 Liberian
543 Madagascan
546 Malian
547 Mauritanian
549 Mozambican
550 Namibian

500-599: Subsaharan Africa
Code Ancestry
551 Niger
553 Nigerian
554 Fulani (Fulah)
555 Hausa
556 Ibo
557 Tiv (Yoruba)
559 Rhodesian (Zimbabwe, Zimbabwe-Rhodesian)
561 Rwandan
564 Senegalese (Dakar)
566 Sierra Leonean
568 Somalian
569 Swaziland
570 South African (Republic of South Africa)
571 Orange Free State (Pretoria, Transkei, Union of South Africa)
572 Afrikander (Boer)
573 Natalian
574 Zulu
576 Sudanese
577 Dinka
578 Nuer
579 Darfur (Fur)
580 Baggara
584 Tanzanian
585 Tanganyikan
586 Zanzibari
588 Togo
590 Ugandan (Lugbara)
591 Upper Voltan
592 Volta
593 Zairian (Belgian Congo, Kinshasa)
594 Zambian
595 African (Afro)
596 Central African (Middle Congo)
597 Eastern African (Galla, Kikuyu, Masai)
598 Western African
599 Comoros Islander (Islanders: Mauritius, Principe, Reunion, Sao Tome, Seychelles, St. Helena, St. Pierre, Tristan da Cunha)

600-699: South Asia
Code Ancestry
600 Afghan
601 Baluchi
602 Pathan
605 Bengali (E. Pakistan)
607 Bhutanese
609 Nepali
613 Asian Indian (India, E. Indian, Bharati, Behar, Delhi, Dravidian, Indo-Aryan, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Rajasthani, Sikkim, Utlar Pradesh)
614 Punjabi
615 Andhra Pradesh
616 Assamese
617 Gujarati
618 Karnatakan
619 Keralan
620 Maharashtran
621 Naga
622 Tamilian
623 Madrasi
624 Goanese
625 Mizoram (Mysore)
627 Pondicherry
628 Andaman Islander (Nicobar Islander)
630 Pakistani (Sind, Jammu, Kashmirian, W. Pakistan)
633 Ceylonese (Sri Lankan)
634 Singhalese
635 Veddah
637 Maldivian

700-799: Other Asia
Code Ancestry
700 Burmese (Chin, Cachin, Karen, Mon, Palaung)
701 Burman
702 Shan
703 Cambodian (Kampuchea)
704 Khmer
706 Chinese (Jehol, Uigur, Yao)
707 Cantonese (Formosan)
708 Manchurian
709 Mongolian (Kalmuck)
710 Tibetan
711 Hong Kong
712 Macao (Portuguese Macao)
714 Filipino (Philipino, Cebuanos, Illocanos, Tagalog)
717 Indonesian (Islanders: Ascension, Celebes, Sulawesi, Molucca, Spice; Java, Sumatran, Bangka, Billiton, Brunei, Borneo, Dutch East Indian, Portuguese Timor)
719 Japanese (Issei, Nipponese, Nisei, Sansei, Yonsei)
720 Ryukyu Islander
721 Okinawan
723 Korean (Chosen, North Korean, South Korean)
725 Laotian
726 Hmong
727 Meo
729 Malaysian (Sabah, Sakai, Sarawak, Semang, Senoi)
740 Singaporean
742 Thai (Siamese)
743 Thai Dan (Black Thai)
744 Western Lao
747 Taiwanese
748 Vietnamese (Annamese, North Vietnamese, South Vietnamese)
749 Chom (Montagnard)
750 Katu
751 Ma
752 Mnong
753 Indo-Chinese
754 Eurasian (Indo-European)
755 Asian (Orienta1)
756 Eastern Archipelago (Riau Islander)

800-899: Pacific
Code Ancestry
800 Australian (New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, Victoria)
801 Tasmanian
803 Fijian
805 New Zealander
806 Maori
808 New Guinean
809 Papuan
810 American Samoan
811 Tokelau Islander
812 Tongan
813 Hawaiian
814 Part-Hawaiian
815 Guamanian
816 Chamorro Islander
817 Marshall Islander
818 Caroline Islander
819 Midway Islander
820 Wake Islander
821 Saipan Islander
822 Northern Marianas Islander
823 U.S. Trust Territories of thePacific
824 Truk Islander
825 Yap Islander
826 Solomon Islander
827 Norfolk Islander
828 Cook Islander
829 Christmas Islander
830 Campbell Islander
831 Kermadec Islander
832 Phoenix Islande r
833 New Caledonia Islander
834 New Hebrides Islander
835 Melanesia Islander
836 Micronesia Islander
837 Polynesia Islander
838 Pacific Islander (Oceana)
839 Samoan
840 French Polynesia (Society Islander, Tahitian)
841 French Samoa
842 Palauan
843 Ulithian (Faisian)
844 Woleaian (Ifalukese, Eauripikese)
845 Pulawatese (Tamatamian)
846 Mortlockese
847 Ponapean
848 Pingelapese
849 Mokilese
850 Kosraean
851 Ngatikese
852 Nukuoroan
853 Kapingamarangan
854 Gilbertese
855 Nauruan
856 Niuean
857 Hall Islander
858 Namanouito (Ulul)
859 Lamotrekese (Satawalese)

900-919: North American - except Spanish Categories (Revised July 1983)
Code Ancestry
901 American
902 United States
903 Afro-American (Bilalian, Black, Colored, Creole, Mulatto, Negro, Nigritian, Nonwhite)
906 White/Caucasian (Anglo, Anglo-Saxon, Appachian, Aryan, Hillbilly, Swamp Yankee, WASP, White)
908 Green Islander
909 Canadian (Albertan, British Columbian, Labradorean, Manitoban, New Brunswick, Ontarian, Prince Edward Islander, Saskatchewan, Yukoner)
910 Newfoundland
911 Nova Scotian
912 French Canadian (Quebec)
913 Bermudan
915 North American
916 American Indian (American Indian Tribes)
917 Aleut
918 Eskimo

920-936: Unique Three-Origin Multiple Ancestry Categories
Code Ancestry
920 American Indian-English-French
921 American Indian-English-German
922 American Indian-English-Irish
923 American Indian-German-Irish
924 Dutch-French-Irish
925 Dutch-German-Irish
926 Dutch-Scotch (or Scottish)
927 English-French-German
928 English-French-Irish
929 English-German-Irish
930 English-German-Swedish
931 English-Scotch (or Scottish)
932 English-Scotch (or Scottish)-Welsh
933 French-German-Irish
934 German-Italian
935 German-Scotch (or Scottish)
936 German-Swedish

937-999: Residual Categories and No Response
Code Ancestry
995 Not Classified
996 Mixed (Biracial, Human Being)
998 All Other Entries (Catholic, Jewish, Mennonite, Muslim, Protestant and other religious entries, plus all other responses not on the code list)
999 None, Blank, No Response

1-911: Code Ranges for Common Ancestry
Code Ancestry
001-002 Austrian
005-007 Belgian
008-010 Cypriot
014-015 Dutch
016-018,
096-097
English
024-027 Finnish
028-31,
098
French
032-044 German
046-48 Greek
052-73 Italian
079-081 Portuguese
083-87 Swiss
090-091 Alsatian
102-103 Bulgarian
104-105 Czechoslovakian
113-114 Hungarian
122-124 Polish
125-129 Rumanian
140-156 Russian (Specified categories)1
163-164 Ruthenian
200-204 Spaniard
205-208 Spanish
209-212 Mexican
310-312 Dutch West Indies
314-316 Trinidadian/Tobaganian
327-328 Dominica Islander
330-332 French West Indies
406-407 Moroccan
429-432 Syrian
450-451 Middle Eastern
515-516 Congolese
520-521 Equatorial Guinea
522-523 Ethiopian
553-557 Nigerian
570-574 South African
576-580 Sudanese
584-586 Tanzanian
591-592 Upper Voltan
600-602,
613-625
Afghan
627-628 Asian Indian
633-635 Ceylonese
700-702 Burmese
703-704 Cambodian
706-712 Chinese
719-720 Japanese
725-727 Laotian
742-744 Thai
748-752 Vietnamese
800-801 Australian
805-806 New Zealander
808-809 New Guinean
901-902 American
909-911 Canadian

ENDNOTES

  1. Excludes Armenian, Georgian, Ruthenian, Ukrainian, and Belorussian.

(Back to Other Variable Appendices Index)