Citation of IPUMS USA

Publications and research reports based on the IPUMS USA database must cite it appropriately. The citation should include the following:

For policy briefs or articles in the popular press that use the IPUMS-USA database, we recommend that you cite the use of IPUMS data as follows:

IPUMS USA, University of Minnesota,

Users of 1790-1940 data should acknowledge for providing the underlying data. For example:

"The author wishes to acknowledge for providing the underlying data making this research possible."

The licensing agreement for use of IPUMS USA data requires that users supply us with the title and full citation for any publications, research reports, or educational materials making use of the data or documentation. Please add your citation to the IPUMS bibliography.

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