1990
Language Code List

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This section contains the code list of languages other than English spoken at home. Each entry was given a three digit code. If more than one language was reported, only the first language reported was coded. The languages were coded originally into nearly 400

different language categories. The following list contains the principal name for each code. Since many languages and language groups are known by several names, additional illustrative names are shown for some languages. A complete list of all reported language names and categories into which they were coded may be obtained from the Census Bureau at the cost of reproduction.

000-600
NOT IN UNIVERSE
601
JAMAICAN CREOLEE
602
KRIO
603
HAWAIIAN PIDGIN
604
PIDGIN
605
GULLAH
606
SARAMACCA
607
GERMAN
607
Austrian
607
Swiss
608
PENNSYLVANIA DUTCH
609
YIDDISH
610
DUTCH
610
Flemish
611
AFRIKAANS
612
FRISIAN
613
LUXEMBOURGIAN
614
SWEDISH
615
DANISH
616
NORWEGIAN
617
ICELANDIC
618
FAROESE
619
ITALIAN
620
FRENCH
620
Walloon
621
PROVENCAL
622
PATOIS
623
FRENCH CREOLE
623
Haitian Creole
624
CAJUN
625
SPANISH
626
CATALONIAN
627
LADINO
628
PACHUCO
629
PORTUGUESE
630
PAPIA MENTAE
631
RUMANIAN
632
RHAETO-ROMANIC
632
Romansch
633
WELSH
634
BRETON
635
IRISH GAELIC
636
SCOTTIC GAELIC
637
GREEK
638
ALBANIAN
639
RUSSIAN
640
BIELORUSSIAN
641
UKRAINIAN
642
CZECH
643
KASHUBIAN
644
LUSATIAN
644
Sorbian
644
Wendish
645
POLISH
646
SLOVAK
647
BULGARIAN
648
MACEDONIAN
649
SERBOCROATIAN
649
Slavic
649
Yugoslav
650
CROATIAN
651
SERBIAN
652
SLOVENE
653
LITHUANIAN
654
LETTISH
655
ARMENIAN
656
PERSIAN
656
Farsi
656
Pushto
657
PASHTO
657
Afghan
658
KURDISH
659
BALOCHI
660
TADZHIK
661
OSSETE
662
SANSKRIT
663
HINDI AND RELATED
663
Hindi
663
India
663
Urdu
664
BENGALI
665
PANJABI
666
MARATHI
667
GUJARATHI
668
BIHARI
669
RAJASTHANI
670
ORIYA
671
BHILI
672
ASSAMESE
673
KASHMIRI
674
NEPALI
675
SINDHI
676
MALDIVIAN
677
SINHALESE
678
ROMANY
679
FINNISH
680
ESTONIAN
681
LAPP
682
HUNGARIAN
683
OTHER URALIC LANGUAGES
683
Cheremis
683
Mordvin
683
Samoyed
683
Ugric
683
Yenisei
684
CHUVASH
685
KARAKALPAK
686
KAZAKH
687
KIRGHIZ
688
KARACHAY
688
Tatar
689
UIGHUR
689
Uzbek
690
AZERBAIJANI
691
TURKISH
692
TURKMEN
693
YAKUT
694
MONGOLIAN
695
TUNGUS
696
CAUCASIAN
696
Avar
696
Georgian
697
BASQUE
698
DRAVIDIAN
699
BRAHUI
700
GONDI
701
TELUGU
702
KANNADA
703
MALAYALAM
704
TAMIL
705
KURUKH
706
MUNDA
707
BURUSHASKI
708
CHINESE
708
Yueh
709
HAKK
709
Fukien
709
K'echia
710
KAN
710
Nan Chang
711
HSIANG
711
Hunan
712
MANDARIN
712
Honan
712
Hopei
712
Pei
713
FUCHOW
713
Min Pei
714
FORMOSAN
714
Min Nan
715
WU
716
TIBETAN
717
BURMESE
717
Tonkin
718
KAREN
719
KACHIN
720
THAI
720
Kam
720
Lao
720
Laotian
720
Tung
721
MIAO-YAO
722
MIAO
722
Hmong
723
JAPANESE
724
KOREAN
725
AINU
726
MON-KHMER
726
Cambodian
726
Khmer
726
Mon
727
SIBERIAN LANGUAGES, not elsewhere classified
728
VIETNAMESE
729
MUONG
730
BUGINESE
731
MOLUCCAN
732
INDONESIAN
733
ACHINESE
734
BALINESE
735
CHAM
736
JAVANESE
737
MADURESE
738
MALAGASY
739
MALAY
740
MINANGKABAU
741
SUNDANESE
742
TAGALOG
742
Filipino
743
BISAYAN
743
Ilongo
744
SEBUANO
745
PANGASINAN
746
ILOCANO
746
Igorot
747
BIKOL
748
PAMPANGAN
749
GORONTALO
750
MICRONESIAN
751
CAROLINIAN
752
CHAMORRO
753
GILBERTESE
754
KUSAIEAN
755
MARSHALLESE
756
MOKILESE
757
MORTLOCKESE
758
NAURUAN
759
PALAU
760
PONAPEAN
761
TRUKESE
762
ULITHEAN
763
WOLEAI-ULITHI
763
Eauripik
763
Ifaluk
764
YAPESE
765
INDO-PACIFIC LANGUAGES, not elsewhere classified
765
Melanesian
766
POLYNESIAN
767
SAMOAN
768
TONGAN
769
NIUEAN
770
TOKELAUAN
771
FIJIAN
772
MARQUESAN
773
RAROTONGAN
774
MAORI
775
NUKUORO
776
HAWAIIAN
777
ARABIC
778
HEBREW
779
SYRIAC
779
Aramaic
779
Assyrian
779
Chaldean
780
AMHARIC
780
Tigre
781
BERBER
782
CHADIC
782
Hamitic
782
Hausa
783
CUSHITE
783
Beja
783
Somali
784
SUDANIC
784
Dinka
784
Gambai
784
Sudanese
785
NILOTIC
785
Acholi
785
Luo
785
Nuer
786
NILO-HAMlTIC
786
Baro
786
Masai
787
NUBIAN
788
SAHARAN
789
NILO-SAHARAN
789
Fur
789
Songhai
790
KHOISAN
790
Bushman
791
SWAHILI
792
BANTU
792
Bembe
792
Botswana
792
Chaga
792
Fan
792
Kikuyu
792
Kongo
792
Luganda
792
Naebele
792
Xhosa
792
Zulu
793
MANDE
793
Kpelle
793
Mandingo
794
FULANI
795
GUR
795
Dagomba
796
KRU
796
Damomeen
796
Egbo
796
Ibo
796
Nigerian
796
Yoruba
797
EFIK
797
Ibibio
798
MBUM AND RELATED
799
AFRICAN, not further specified
800
ALEUT
801
PACIFIC GULF YUPIK
801
Pacific Eskimo
802
ESKIMO
803
INUPIK
803
Inuit
804
SAINT LAWRENCE ISLAND YUPIK
805
YUPIK
806
ALGONQUIAN
807
ARAPAHO
808
ATSINA
808
Gros Ventre
809
BLACKFOOT
810
CHEYENNE
811
CREE
812
DELAWARE
812
Lenni-Lenape
813
FOX
813
Sac
814
KICKAPOO
815
MENOMINI
816
FRENCH CREE
816
Metis
817
MIAMI
818
MICMAC
819
OJIBWA
819
Chippewa
820
OTTAWA
821
PASSAMAQUODDY
821
Malecite
822
PENOBSCOT
823
ABNAKI
824
POTAWATOMI
825
SHAWNEE
826
WIYOT
827
YUROK
828
KUTENAI
829
MAKAH
830
KWAKIUTL
830
Quileute
831-832
NOOTKA
833
LOWER CHEHALIS
834
UPPER CHEHALIS
834
Chehalis
834
Satsop
835
CLALLAM
836
COEUR D'ALENE
836
Skitsamish
837
COLUMBIA
837
Chelan
837
Wenatchee
838
COWLITZ
839
SALISH
839
Flathead
840
NOOTSACK
841
OKANOGAN
842
PUGET SOUND SALISH
842
Duwamish
842
Nisqualli
842
Puyallup
842
Skagit
842
Snohomish
842
Suquamish
843
QUINAULT
843
Queets
844
TILLAMOOK
845
TWANA
846
HAIDA
847
ATHAPASCAN
848
AHTENA
849
HAN
850
INGALIT
851
KOYUKON
852
KUCHIN
853
UPPER KUSKOKWIM
854
TANAINA
855
TANANA
855
Minto
856
TANACROSS
857
UPPER TANANA
857
Nabesna
857
Tetlin
858
TUTCHONE
859
CHASTACOSTA
859
Chetco
859
Coquille
859
Smith River Athapascan
860
HUPA
861
OTHER ATHAPASCAN- EYAK LANGUAGES
861
Cahto
861
Mattole
861
Wailaki
862
APACHE
863
KIOWA
864
NAVAHO
865
EYAK
866
TLINGIT
866
Chilkat
866
Sitka
866
Tongass
866
Yakutat
867
MOUNTAIN MAIDU
867
Maidu
868
NORTHWEST MAIDU
868
Concow
869
SOUTHERN MAIDU
869
Nisenan
870
COAST MIWOK
870
Bodega
870
Marin
871
PLAINS MIWOK
872
SIERRA MIWOK
872
Miwok
873
NOMLAKI
873
Tehama
874
PATWIN
874
Colouse
874
Suisun
875
WINTUN
876
FOOTHILL NORTH YOKUTS
877
TACHI
878
SANTIAM
878
Calapooya
878
Wapatu
879
SIUSLAW
879
Coos
879
Lower Umpqua
880
KLAMATH
880
Modoc
881
NEZ PERCE
882
SAHAPTIAN
882
Celilo
882
Klikitat
882
Palouse
882
Tenino
882
Umatilla
882
Warm Springs
882
Yakima
883
UPPER CHINOOK
883
Chinook
883
Clackamas
883
Multnomah
883
Wasco
883
Wishram
884
TSIMSHIAN
885
ACHUMAWI
886
ATSUGEWI
887
KAROK
888
POMO
889
SHASTAN
890
WASHO
891
UP RIVER YUMAN
892
COCOMARICOPA
893
MOHAVE
894
YUMA
895
DIEGUENO
896
DELTA RIVER YUMAN
897
UPLAND YUMAN
898
HAVASUPAI
899
WALAPAI
900
YAVAPAI
901
CHUMASH
902
TONKAWA
903
YUCHI
904
CROW
904
Absaroke
905
HIDATSA
906
MANDAN
907
DAKOTA
907
Brule
907
Lakota
907
Oglala
907
Sioux
908
CHIWERE
909
WINNEBAGO
910
KANSA
910
Kaw
911
OMAHA
912
OSAGE
913
PONCA
914
QUAPAW
914
Arkansas
915
ALABAMA
916
CHOCTAW
916
Chickasaw
917
MIKASUKI
918
HICHITA
918
Apalachicola
919
KOASATI
920
MUSKOGEE
920
Creek
920
Seminole
921
CHETEMACHA
922
YUKI
923
WAPPO
924
KERES
925
IROQUOIS
926
MOHAWK
927
ONEIDA
928
ONONDAGA
929
CAYUGA
930
SENECA
931
TUSCARORA
932
WYANDOT
932
Huron
933
CHEROKEE
934
ARIKARA
935
CADDO
936
PAWNEE
937
WICHITA
938
COMANCHE
939
MONO
939
Owens Valley Paiute
940
PAIUTE
941
NORTHERN PAIUTE
941
Bannock
941
Num
941
Snake
942
SOUTHERN PAIUTE
943
CHEMEHUEVI
944
KAWAIISU
945
UTE
946
SHOSHONI
947
PANAMINT
948
HOPI
949
CAHUILLA
950
CUPENO
951
LUISENO
952
SERRANO
953
TUBATULABAL
954
PIMA
954
Papago
955
YAQUI
956
AZTECAN
956
Mexicano
956
Nahua
957-958
SONORAN, not elsewhere classified
957
Cahita
957
Guasave
957
Huichole
957
Nayit
957-958
Tarahumara
959
PICURIS
959
Northern Tiwa
959
Taos
960
TIWA
960
Isleta
960
Ysleta
961
SANDIA
962
TEWA
962
Hano
962
Hopi-Tewa
962
San Ildefonso
962
San Juan
962
Santa Clara
963
TOWA
964
ZUNI
965
CHINOOK JARGON
966
AMERICAN INDIAN
967
MISUMALPAN
967
Matagalpa
967
Miskito
967
Sumu
968
MAYAN LANGUAGES
968
Cakchiquel
968
Chol
968
Guastec
968
Guatemala
968
Ixil
968
Kechi
968
Mam
968
Maya
968
Queche
968
Yucateca
969
TARASCAN
970
MAPUCHE
970
Araucanian
970
Chilote
971
OTO-MANGUEN
971
Ixatec
971
Mixtec
971
Otomi
971
Popoloc
971
Zapoteca
972
QUECHUA
973
AYMARA
974
ARAWAKIAN
974
Araua
974
Carib
974
Guajiro
974
Kitemoca
974
Tatu
975
CHIBCHAN
975
Boruca
975
Cuna
975
Guaymi
975
Ica
976
TUPI-GUARANI
976
Guaibo
976
Guarani
976
Siriono
977
JICARILLA
977
Lipan
978
CHIRICAHUA
978
Mescalero
979
SAN CARLOS
979
Cibecue
979
San Carlos
979
San Carlos Apache
979
White Mountain
980
KIOWA-APACHE
981
KALISPEL
982
SPOKANE
983-998
LANGUAGE SPECIFIED, NOT LISTED
999
NOT REPORTED

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