1970 Industry Codes

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This page presents the 1970 census industrial classification system recorded in the IPUMS variable IND. The page shows each industrial category and its corresponding IND code. The industries are organized into several large groupings (e.g., agriculture). In addition to this contemporary system, the IPUMS codes all census years into the 1950 industrial classification scheme, recording them in the variable IND1950.

Industrial Category
NOT APPLICABLE TRANSPORTATION, COMMUNICATIONS, AND OTHER PUBLIC UTILITIES ENTERTAINMENT AND RECREATION SERVICES
AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY, AND FISHERIES WHOLESALE AND RETAIL TRADE PROFESSIONAL AND RELATED SERVICES
MINING FINANCE, INSURANCE, AND REAL ESTATE PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
CONSTRUCTION BUSINESS AND REPAIR SERVICES WORKERS NOT CLASSIFIABLE BY INDUSTRY
MANUFACTURING PERSONAL SERVICES

NOT APPLICABLE

000
N/A (not applicable)

AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY, AND FISHERIES

017
Agricultural production
018
Agricultural services, except horticultural
019
Horticultural services
027
Forestry
028
Fisheries
029
Agriculture, forestry, and fisheries--allocated

MINING

047
Metal mining
048
Coal mining
049
Crude petroleum and natural gas extractions
057
Nonmetallic mining and quarrying, except fuel
058
Mining--allocated

CONSTRUCTION

067
General building contractors
068
General contractors, except building
069
Special trade contractors
077
Construction, n.s.
078
Construction--allocated

MANUFACTURING

Durable goods

Lumber and wood products, except furniture:
107
Logging
108
Sawmills, planing mills, and mill work
109
Miscellaneous wood products
118
Furniture and fixtures


Stone, clay, and glass products:
119
Glass and glass products
127
Cement, concrete, gypsum, and plaster products
128
Structural clay products
137
Pottery and related products
138
Miscellaneous nonmetallic mineral and stone products


Metal industries:
139
Blast furnaces, steel works, rolling and finishing mills
147
Other primary iron and steel industries
148
Primary aluminum industries
149
Other primary nonferrous industries
157
Cutlery, hand tools, and other hardware
158
Fabricated structural metal products.
159
Screw machine products
167
Metal stamping
168
Miscellaneous fabricated metal products
169
Metal industries, n.s.


Machinery, except electrical:
177
Engines and turbines
178
Farm machinery and equipment
179
Construction and material handling machines
187
Metalworking machinery
188
Office and accounting machines
189
Electronic computing equipment
197
Machinery, except electrical, n.e.c.
198
Machinery, n.s.


Electrical machinery, equipment, and supplies:
199
Household appliances
207
Radio, T.V., and communication equipment
208
Electrical machinery, equipment, and supplies, n.e.c.
209
Electrical machinery, equipment, and supplies, n.s.


Transportation equipment:
219
Motor vehicles and motor vehicle equipment
227
Aircraft and parts
228
Ship and boat building and repairing
229
Railroad locomotives and equipment
237
Mobile dwellings and campers
238
Cycles and miscellaneous transportation equipment


Professional and photographic equipment, and watches:
239
Scientific and controlling instruments
247
Optical and health services supplies
248
Photographic equipment and supplies
249
Watches, clocks, and clockwork-operated devices
257
Professional equipment, n.s.
258
Ordnance
259
Miscellaneous manufacturing industries
267
Manufacturing, durable goods--allocated


Nondurable goods
Food and kindred products:
268
Meat products
269
Dairy products
278
Canning and preserving fruits, vegetables, and sea foods
279
Grain-mill products
287
Bakery products
288
Confectionery and related products
289
Beverage industries
297
Miscellaneous food preparation and kindred products
298
Food industries, n.s.
299
Tobacco manufactures


Textile mill products:
307
Knitting mills
308
Dyeing and finishing textiles, except wool and knit goods
309
Floor coverings, except hard surface
317
Yarn, thread, and fabric mills
318
Miscellaneous textile mill products


Apparel and other fabricated textile products:
319
Apparel and accessories
327
Miscellaneous fabricated textile products


Paper and allied products:
328
Pulp, paper, and paperboard mills
329
Miscellaneous paper and pulp products
337
Paperboard containers and boxes


Printing, publishing, and allied industries:
338
Newspaper publishing and printing
339
Printing, publishing, and allied industries, except newspapers


Chemicals and allied products:
347
Industrial chemicals
348
Plastics, synthetics and resins, except fibers
349
Synthetic fibers
357
Drugs and medicines
358
Soaps and cosmetics
359
Paints, varnishes, and related products
367
Agricultural chemicals
368
Miscellaneous chemicals
369
Chemicals and allied products, n.s.


Petroleum and coal products:
377
Petroleum refining
378
Miscellaneous petroleum and coal products


Rubber and miscellaneous plastic products:
379
Rubber products
387
Miscellaneous plastic products


Leather and leather products:
388
Tanned, curried, and finished leather
389
Footwear, except rubber
397
Leather products, except footwear
399
Manufacturing, nondurable goods--allocated
398
Manufacturing industries, n.s.

TRANSPORTATION, COMMUNICATIONS, AND OTHER PUBLIC UTILITIES

Transportation:
407
Railroads and railway express service
408
Street railways and bus lines
409
Taxicab service
417
Trucking service
418
Warehousing and storage
419
Water transportation
427
Air transportation
428
Pipe lines, except natural gas
429
Services incidental to transportation


Communications:
447
Radio broadcasting and television
448
Telephone (wire and radio)
449
Telegraph and miscellaneous communication services


Utilities and sanitary services:
467
Electric light and power
468
Electric-gas utilities
469
Gas and steam supply systems
477
Water supply
478
Sanitary services
479
Other and not specified utilities
499
Transportation, communications, and other public utilities--allocated

WHOLESALE AND RETAIL TRADE

Wholesale trade:
507
Motor vehicles and equipment
508
Drugs, chemicals, and allied products
509
Dry goods and apparel
527
Food and related products
528
Farm products--raw materials
529
Electrical goods
537
Hardware, plumbing, and heating supplies
538
Electrical and hardware products, n.s.
539
Machinery equipment and supplies
557
Metals and minerals, n.e.c.
558
Petroleum products
559
Scrap and waste materials
567
Alcoholic beverages
568
Paper and its products
569
Lumber and construction materials
587
Wholesalers, n.e.c.
588
Wholesale trade, n.s.
599
Wholesale trade--allocated


Retail trade:
607
Lumber and building material retailing
608
Hardware and farm equipment stores
609
Department and mail order establishments
617
Limited price variety stores
618
Vending machine operators
619
Direct selling establishments
627
Miscellaneous general merchandise stores
628
Grocery stores
629
Dairy products stores
637
Retail bakeries
638
Food stores, n.e.c.
639
Motor vehicle dealers
647
Tire, battery, and accessory dealers
648
Gasoline service stations
649
Miscellaneous vehicle dealers
657
Apparel and accessories stores, except shoe stores
658
Shoe stores
667
Furniture and home furnishings stores
668
Household appliances, TV, and radio stores
669
Eating and drinking places
677
Drug stores
678
Liquor stores
679
Farm and garden supply stores
687
Jewelry stores
688
Fuel and ice dealers
689
Retail florists
697
Miscellaneous retail stores
698
Retail trade, n.s.
699
Retail trade--allocated

FINANCE, INSURANCE, AND REAL ESTATE

707
Banking
708
Credit agencies
709
Security, commodity brokerage, and investment companies
717
Insurance
718
Real estate, including real estate-insurance-law offices
719
Finance, insurance, and real estate--allocated

BUSINESS AND REPAIR SERVICES

727
Advertising
728
Services to dwellings and other buildings
729
Commercial research, development, and testing labs
737
Employment and temporary help agencies
738
Business management and consulting services
739
Computer programming services
747
Detective and protective services
748
Business services, n.e.c.
749
Automobile services, except repair
757
Automobile repair and related services
758
Electrical repair shops
759
Miscellaneous repair services
767
Business and repair services--allocated

PERSONAL SERVICES

769
Private households
777
Hotels and motels
778
Lodging places, except hotels and motels
779
Laundering, cleaning, and other garment services
787
Beauty shops
788
Barber shops
789
Shoe repair shops
797
Dressmaking shops
798
Miscellaneous personal services
799
Personal services--allocated

ENTERTAINMENT AND RECREATION SERVICES

807
Theaters and motion pictures
808
Bowling alleys, billiard and pool parlors
809
Miscellaneous entertainment and recreation services
817
Entertainment and recreation services--allocated

PROFESSIONAL AND RELATED SERVICES

828
Offices of physicians
829
Offices of dentists
837
Offices of chiropractors
838
Hospitals
839
Convalescent institutions
847
Offices of health practitioners, n.e.c.
848
Health services, n.e.c.
849
Legal services
857
Elementary and secondary schools
858
Colleges and universities
859
Libraries
867
Educational services, n.e.c.
868
Educational services, n.s.
869
Museums, art galleries, and zoos
877
Religious organizations
878
Welfare services
879
Residential welfare facilities
887
Nonprofit membership organizations
888
Engineering and architectural services
889
Accounting, auditing, and bookkeeping services
897
Miscellaneous professional and related services
899
Professional and related services--allocated

PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION

907
Postal service
917
Federal public administration
927
State public administration
937
Local public administration
947
Public administration--allocated

WORKERS NOT CLASSIFIABLE BY INDUSTRY

997
Unemployed persons, last worked 1959 or earlier*
999
Industry not reported


* Found in experienced civilian labor force universe only.

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