1910 Hispanic Oversample
Appendix A: Data Entry Procedures (October 18, 1984)1

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Sampling Procedures:

Accept two (H) Hispanic families for every one (O) non-Hispanic family. A deficit of non-Hispanics may be accrued; that is, you may have a larger than 2-1 ratio of Hispanics to non-Hispanic.

The reel-o-rama will indicate if you should accept an H or O; however, if it says "gimmie an O," you may still accept an Hispanic. This is how the deficit of non-Hispanics is accrued. If the reel-o-rama says "gimmie an H," you may only accept an Hispanic.

Samples are accepted based on Heads of family, not Heads of dwelling as in the 1920 procedures.

Accept a family if the sample line lands on a Head:


Only rules 1, 3, 4, and 5 will be used. Record multiple family dwelling information in the header field but enter rule 1, not 2. Samples are taken by family, not by dwelling.


This is the reason for taking the family. If Hispanic, the reason will be "B" for birthplace, "L" for language, "R" for race, or "S" for surname. If non-Hispanic, the reason will be "O" for not Hispanic.


LAST NAME Record exactly as it appears. If there are two last names for the wife, for example, enter them both.
FIRST NAME If "de" or "san" or "la" precedes the first name, enter that information after the name, just as you would with "Jr." or "Mrs.".
RELATION Do not enter DC information.
RACE Record X as a viable race, without DC comment. Do not enter "ot" for race if it is indicated as Mex in the border. Simply enter X. If DC changed "ot" to "W" enter "X" without comment.
AGE If younger than 2, months are required.
Often the number (found along side the M) is missing if number of times married is "1". Enter "1" if you are in an area where it seems the information is reliable, that is, if "2s" are also occasionally present.
YEARS MARRIED Often for the husband this is missing; enter the correct information listed for the wife.
BIRTHPLACE/ LANGUAGE The language is recorded on the microfilm in the same space as the BPL. Often DC has stamped the language. If the language is missing because it is inconsistently recorded within a family, simply enter the missing language. If the language is recorded as Mexican, enter Mexican not Spanish.
OCCUPATION "House work" done outside the home is recorded as "Housew". The same done inside the home is recorded as "H" and treated by the computer as is "N".
FOR SCHOOL AGE If "at school" is listed, enter "N". Often the school field will then be left blank. Enter "Y" in school field. If you are in an area where the above occurs and "None" is listed for school age children and the school field is blank, enter "N" in the school field.
OWES The enumerator often listed "OA" when he should have listed "W". DC often changed these "OAs" to "Ws". Record DC's version and comment "DC OWES". If "OA" or "EMP" is recorded the next two fields are skipped.
OUT OF WORK Enter "Y" or "N". If the enumerator wrote "O" enter "N".
NUMBER OF WEEKS OUT Enter number. If the enumerator wrote "N" enter "O".
OCCUPATION CODES Enter as they appear. Ignore the "UG" DC wrote for occupations of "at home" and "at school" and other non-occs.
BLIND/DEAF The program skips these fields. You must back up to enter the information if it is present.


  1. 1. These are the instructions used by the data entry operators who worked on the Hispanic Oversample at the Historical Census Projects at the University of Minnesota. The operators were experienced with data entry procedures used for the 1850, 1880 and 1920 public use samples, also done at Minnesota. These instructions were merely the oversample-specific supplement to the data entry procedures used for the other samples (see IPUMS-98 Volume III: Counting the Past for copies of the complete data entry procedures for the 1850, 1880, and 1920 PUMS).

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