1970 Industry Codes

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This page presents the 1970 census industrial classification system recorded in the IPUMS variable IND. The page shows each industrial category and its corresponding IND code. The industries are organized into several large groupings (e.g., agriculture). In addition to this contemporary system, the IPUMS codes all census years into the 1950 industrial classification scheme, recording them in the variable IND1950.

Industrial Category
IND Industry
Not Applicable
000 N/A (not applicable)
Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries
017 Agricultural production
018 Agricultural services, except horticultural
019 Horticultural services
027 Forestry
028 Fisheries
029 Agriculture, forestry, and fisheries--allocated
047 Metal mining
048 Coal mining
049 Crude petroleum and natural gas extractions
057 Nonmetallic mining and quarrying, except fuel
058 Mining--allocated
067 General building contractors
068 General contractors, except building
069 Special trade contractors
077 Construction, n.s.
078 Construction--allocated
Durable goods
- Lumber and wood products, except furniture:
107 Logging
108 Sawmills, planing mills, and mill work
109 Miscellaneous wood products
118 Furniture and fixtures
- Stone, clay, and glass products:
119 Glass and glass products
127 Cement, concrete, gypsum, and plaster products
128 Structural clay products
137 Pottery and related products
138 Miscellaneous nonmetallic mineral and stone products
- Metal industries:
139 Blast furnaces, steel works, rolling and finishing mills
147 Other primary iron and steel industries
148 Primary aluminum industries
149 Other primary nonferrous industries
157 Cutlery, hand tools, and other hardware
158 Fabricated structural metal products
159 Screw machine products
167 Metal stamping
168 Miscellaneous fabricated metal products
169 Metal industries, n.s.
- Machinery, except electrical:
177 Engines and turbines
178 Farm machinery and equipment
179 Construction and material handling machines
187 Metalworking machinery
188 Office and accounting machines
189 Electronic computing equipment
197 Machinery, except electrical, n.e.c.
198 Machinery, n.s.
- Electrical machinery, equipment, and supplies:
199 Household appliances
207 Radio, T.V., and communication equipment
208 Electrical machinery, equipment, and supplies, n.e.c.
209 Electrical machinery, equipment, and supplies, n.s.
- Transportation equipment:
219 Motor vehicles and motor vehicle equipment
227 Aircraft and parts
228 Ship and boat building and repairing
229 Railroad locomotives and equipment
237 Mobile dwellings and campers
238 Cycles and miscellaneous transportation equipment
- Professional and photographic equipment, and watches:
239 Scientific and controlling instruments
247 Optical and health services supplies
248 Photographic equipment and supplies
249 Watches, clocks, and clockwork-operated devices
257 Professional equipment, n.s.
258 Ordnance
259 Miscellaneous manufacturing industries
267 Manufacturing, durable goods--allocated
Nondurable goods
- Food and kindred products:
268 Meat products
269 Dairy products
278 Canning and preserving fruits, vegetables, and sea foods
279 Grain-mill products
287 Bakery products
288 Confectionery and related products
289 Beverage industries
297 Miscellaneous food preparation and kindred products
298 Food industries, n.s.
299 Tobacco manufactures
- Textile mill products:
307 Knitting mills
308 Dyeing and finishing textiles, except wool and knit goods
309 Floor coverings, except hard surface
317 Yarn, thread, and fabric mills
318 Miscellaneous textile mill products
- Apparel and other fabricated textile products:
319 Apparel and accessories
327 Miscellaneous fabricated textile products
- Paper and allied products:
328 Pulp, paper, and paperboard mills
329 Miscellaneous paper and pulp products
337 Paperboard containers and boxes
- Printing, publishing, and allied industries:
338 Newspaper publishing and printing
339 Printing, publishing, and allied industries, except newspapers
- Chemicals and allied products:
347 Industrial chemicals
348 Plastics, synthetics and resins, except fibers
349 Synthetic fibers
357 Drugs and medicines
358 Soaps and cosmetics
359 Paints, varnishes, and related products
367 Agricultural chemicals
368 Miscellaneous chemicals
369 Chemicals and allied products, n.s.
- Petroleum and coal products:
377 Petroleum refining
378 Miscellaneous petroleum and coal products
- Rubber and miscellaneous plastic products:
379 Rubber products
387 Miscellaneous plastic products
- Leather and leather products:
388 Tanned, curried, and finished leather
389 Footwear, except rubber
397 Leather products, except footwear
399 Manufacturing, nondurable goods--allocated
398 Manufacturing industries, n.s.
Transportation, Communications, and Other Public Utilities
407 Railroads and railway express service
408 Street railways and bus lines
409 Taxicab service
417 Trucking service
418 Warehousing and storage
419 Water transportation
427 Air transportation
428 Pipe lines, except natural gas
429 Services incidental to transportation
447 Radio broadcasting and television
448 Telephone (wire and radio)
449 Telegraph and miscellaneous communication services
Utilities and sanitary services:
467 Electric light and power
468 Electric-gas utilities
469 Gas and steam supply systems
477 Water supply
478 Sanitary services
479 Other and not specified utilities
499 Transportation, communications, and other public utilities--allocated
Wholesale and Retail Trade
Wholesale trade:
507 Motor vehicles and equipment
508 Drugs, chemicals, and allied products
509 Dry goods and apparel
527 Food and related products
528 Farm products--raw materials
529 Electrical goods
537 Hardware, plumbing, and heating supplies
538 Electrical and hardware products, n.s.
539 Machinery equipment and supplies
557 Metals and minerals, n.e.c.
558 Petroleum products
559 Scrap and waste materials
567 Alcoholic beverages
568 Paper and its products
569 Lumber and construction materials
587 Wholesalers, n.e.c.
588 Wholesale trade, n.s.
599 Wholesale trade--allocated
Retail trade:
607 Lumber and building material retailing
608 Hardware and farm equipment stores
609 Department and mail order establishments
617 Limited price variety stores
618 Vending machine operators
619 Direct selling establishments
627 Miscellaneous general merchandise stores
628 Grocery stores
629 Dairy products stores
637 Retail bakeries
638 Food stores, n.e.c.
639 Motor vehicle dealers
647 Tire, battery, and accessory dealers
648 Gasoline service stations
649 Miscellaneous vehicle dealers
657 Apparel and accessories stores, except shoe stores
658 Shoe stores
667 Furniture and home furnishings stores
668 Household appliances, TV, and radio stores
669 Eating and drinking places
677 Drug stores
678 Liquor stores
679 Farm and garden supply stores
687 Jewelry stores
688 Fuel and ice dealers
689 Retail florists
697 Miscellaneous retail stores
698 Retail trade, n.s.
699 Retail trade--allocated
Finance, Insurance, and Real Estate
707 Banking
708 Credit agencies
709 Security, commodity brokerage, and investment companies
717 Insurance
718 Real estate, including real estate-insurance-law offices
719 Finance, insurance, and real estate--allocated
Business and Repair Services
727 Advertising
728 Services to dwellings and other buildings
729 Commercial research, development, and testing labs
737 Employment and temporary help agencies
738 Business management and consulting services
739 Computer programming services
747 Detective and protective services
748 Business services, n.e.c.
749 Automobile services, except repair
757 Automobile repair and related services
758 Electrical repair shops
759 Miscellaneous repair services
767 Business and repair services--allocated
Personal Services
769 Private households
777 Hotels and motels
778 Lodging places, except hotels and motels
779 Laundering, cleaning, and other garment services
787 Beauty shops
788 Barber shops
789 Shoe repair shops
797 Dressmaking shops
798 Miscellaneous personal services
799 Personal services--allocated
Entertainment and Recreation Services
807 Theaters and motion pictures
808 Bowling alleys, billiard and pool parlors
809 Miscellaneous entertainment and recreation services
817 Entertainment and recreation services--allocated
Professional and Related Services
828 Offices of physicians
829 Offices of dentists
837 Offices of chiropractors
838 Hospitals
839 Convalescent institutions
847 Offices of health practitioners, n.e.c.
848 Health services, n.e.c.
849 Legal services
857 Elementary and secondary schools
858 Colleges and universities
859 Libraries
867 Educational services, n.e.c.
868 Educational services, n.s.
869 Museums, art galleries, and zoos
877 Religious organizations
878 Welfare services
879 Residential welfare facilities
887 Nonprofit membership organizations
888 Engineering and architectural services
889 Accounting, auditing, and bookkeeping services
897 Miscellaneous professional and related services
899 Professional and related services--allocated
Public Administration
907 Postal service
917 Federal public administration
927 State public administration
937 Local public administration
947 Public administration--allocated
Workers Not Classifiable by Industry
997 Unemployed persons, last worked 1959 or earlier*
999 Industry not reported

* Found in experienced civilian labor force universe only.

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