2013 Metropolitan Areas: Delineations and PUMA Correspondence

Back to Geographic Tools


The MET2013 variable identifies metropolitan areas using the 2013 delineations of metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs) from the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB). This page provides information about these delineations and their correspondence to Public Use Microdata Areas (PUMAs).

PUMAs are the only sub-state-level geographic area identified in public-use microdata samples from decennial censuses and the ACS/PRCS since 1990. PUMAs occasionally straddle official metro area boundaries. To identify 2013 MSAs in microdata, IPUMS USA associates PUMAs with MSAs by determining which (if any) MSA contains a majority of each PUMA's population. See the MET2013 variable description for complete details on the identification approach.

MET2013's code assignment protocol yields errors of omission (residents of a MSA who are not identified as residents) and errors of commission (non-residents who are identified as residents). MET2013 reports no code for MSAs where the sum of match errors is 15% or more.

The crosswalks provided here describe all spatial associations between 2013 MSAs and PUMAs, including the population in each area of intersection, with separate files for different PUMA definitions. The match summaries identify the best-matching set of PUMAs for each 2013 MSA (i.e., the PUMAs where a majority of population resides in the MSA) along with omission and commission errors. Match summaries are provided for all 2013 MSAs, including those that exceed MET2013's 15% mismatch limit.

MET2013 is available only for 2000 and later samples. For information about other variables identifying metropolitan areas, see the overview page: IPUMS USA Variables for Metropolitan Areas.

Delineation File

The Census Bureau provides delineation files for every version of core-based statistical areas (CBSAs), which include both metropolitan and micropolitan statistical areas. (For definitions of these terms and related concepts, see the Census Bureau's Glossary for metropolitan and micropolitan areas.) Each CBSA corresponds to a set of counties. The delineation files identify which counties are in each CBSA along with other info: which areas are metropolitan or micropolitan, which counties are in a metropolitan division, which CBSAs are in a consolidated statistical area (CSA), and whether each county is classified as "central" or "outlying."

IPUMS USA provides a copy of the 2013 CBSA delineation file here:

MSA-PUMA Crosswalks and Match Summaries

2022-2031 ACS and PRCS samples:

2012-2021 ACS and PRCS samples:

2005-2011 ACS and PRCS samples:

2000 5% sample:

Back to Top