2000 5% and ACS Language codes

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Due to confidentiality constraints in the construction of the 2000 5% sample and the ACS samples, any category in those samples representing fewer than 10,000 people was combined with a larger, more generalized category. As a result, the language variable (LANGUAGE) contained significantly less detail in these samples than in other modern census samples. For this reason, some IPUMS labels are slightly inaccurate for the 2000 5% and ACS samples.

The page shows each IPUMS language category and its meaning in the 2000 5% and ACS samples. Some categories, such as IPUMS code 120 (Krio, Pidgin Krio), were not specifically identified in the 2000 5% and ACS samples. The spreadsheet below identifies the larger categories into which all such groups were placed in these samples. Other categories contain more ancestry groups in the 2000 5% and ACS samples than the IPUMS labels suggest. For instance, IPUMS code 200 (German) also includes those who speak Luxembourgian in the 2000 5% and ACS samples. All such combinations are identified below.

IPUMS code 2000 5% and ACS code Language
100 100 English
110 110 Jamaican Creole
120 (See code 9601) Krio, Pidgin Krio
130 (See code 9601) Hawaiian Pidgin
140 (See code 9601) Pidgin
150 (See code 9601) Gullah, Geechee
160 (See code 9601) Saramacca
200 200 (Includes 230) German
230 (See code 200) Luxembourgian
240 240 Pennsylvania Dutch
300 300 Yiddish, Jewish
410 410 Dutch, Flemish, Belgian
420 420 Afrikaans
430 (See code 9601) Frisian
500 500 Swedish
600 600 Danish
700 700 Norwegian
800 800 Icelandic
810 (See code 9601) Faroese
1000 1000 Italian
1010 (See code 9601) Rhaeto-Romanic, Ladin
1110 1110 (Includes 1120) French, Walloon
1120 (See code 1110) Provencal
1130 1130 Patois
1140 1140 French or Haitian Creole
1150 1150 Cajun
1200 1200 (Includes 1220-1230) Spanish
1210 (See code 9601) Catalonian, Valencian
1220 (See code 1200) Ladino, Sefaradit, Spanol
1230 (See code 1200) Pachuco
1240 (See code 1300) Papia Mentae
1300 1300 (Includes 1240) Portuguese
1400 1400 Rumanian
1520 (See code 9601) Welsh
1530 (See code 9601) Breton
1540 1540 Irish Gaelic, Gaelic
1570 (See code 9601) Scottish Gaelic
1600 1600 Greek
1700 1700 Albanian
1800 1800 Russian (ACS only)
1810 1810 Russian, Great Russian
1820 (See code 9601) Bielo-, White Russian
1900 1900 Ukrainian, Ruthenian, Little Russian
2000 2000 Czech
2100 2100 Polish
2110 2110 Kashubian, Slovincian
2200 2200 Slovak
2300 2300 Serbo-Croatian, Yugoslavian, Slavonian
2310 2310 Croatian
2320 2320 Serbian
2400 (See code 9601) Slovene
2500 2500 Lithuanian
2510 2510 Lettish
2610 2610 Bulgarian
2620 (See code 9601) Lusatian, Sorbian, Wendish
2630 2630 Macedonian
2800 2800 Armenian
2900 2900 Persian, Iranian, Farssi
3010 (See code 9601) Pashto, Afghan
3020 3020 Kurdish
3030 (See code 9601) Balochi
3040 (See code 9601) Tadzhik
3050 3050 Ossete
3101 3101 Hindi, Hindustani, Indic, Jaipuri, Pali, Urdu
3102 3102 Hindi (ACS only)
3103 3103 Urdu (ACS only)
3111 3111 Sanskrit
3112 3112 Bengali
3113 3113 Panjabi
3114 3114 Marathi
3115 3115 Gujarathi
3116 (See code 9601) Bihari
3117 (See code 9601) Rajasthani
3118 (See code 9601) Oriya
3119 (See code 9601) Assamese
3120 (See code 9601) Kashmiri
3121 (See code 9601) Sindhi
3123 3123 Sinhalese
3130 3130 Kannada
3140 3140 India, n.e.c. (ACS only)
3150 3150 Pakistan n.e.c.
3190 3190 Other Indo-European languages (ACS only)
3200 (See code 9601) Romany, Gypsy
3300 3300 Finnish
3400 3400 Magyar, Hungarian
3510 (See code 9601) Estonian, Ingrian, Livonian, Vepsian, Votic
3520 (See code 9601) Lapp, Inari, Kola, Lule, Pite, Ruija, Skolt, Ume
3530 (See code 9601) Other Uralic
3600 3600 Turkish
3701 3701 Chuvash
3702 (See code 9601) Karakalpak
3703 (See code 9601) Kazakh
3704 (See code 9601) Kirghiz
3705 (See code 9601) Karachay, Tatar, Balkar, Bashkir, Kumyk
3706 (See code 9601) Uzbek, Uighur
3707 (See code 9601) Azerbaijani
3708 (See code 9601) Turkmen
3709 3709 Yakut
3710 (See code 9601) Mongolian
3711 (See code 9601) Tungus
3800 (See code 9601) Caucasian, Georgian, Avar
3900 (See code 9601) Basque
4000 (See code 9601) Dravidian
4001 4001 Brahui
4002 (See code 9601) Gondi
4003 4003 Telugu
4004 4004 Malayalam
4005 4005 Tamil
4010 4010 Bhili
4011 4011 Nepali
4100 (See code 9601) Kurukh
4110 (See code 9601) Munda
4200 4200 Burushaski
4300 4300 Chinese (ACS only)
4301 4301 Chinese, Cantonese, Min, Yueh
4302 4302 Cantonese (ACS only)
4303 4303 Mandarin
4311 (See code 9601) Hakka, Fukien, K'echia
4312 (See code 9601) Kan, Nan Chang
4313 4313 Hsiang, Chansa, Hunan, Iyan
4314 (See code 9601) Fuchow, Min Pei
4315 (See code 9601) Wu
4400 (See code 9601) Tibetan
4410 4410 Miao-Yao
4420 4420 Miao, Hmong
4500 4500 Burmese, Lisu, Lolo
4510 (See code 9601) Karen
4600 (See code 9601) Kachin
4700 4700 Thai, Siamese, Lao
4710 4710 Thai (ACS only)
4720 4720 Laotian (ACS only)
4800 4800 Japanese
4900 4900 Korean
5000 5000 Vietnamese
5110 5110 Ainu
5120 5120 Mon-Khmer, Cambodian
5130 5130 Siberian, n.e.c.
5150 5150 Muong
5200 5200 Indonesian
5210 (See code 9601) Buginese
5220 (See code 9601) Moluccan
5230 5230 Achinese
5240 (See code 9601) Balinese
5250 (See code 9601) Cham
5260 (See code 9601) Madurese
5270 5270 Malay
5280 5280 Minangkabau
5310 5310 Formosan, Taiwanese
5320 (See code 9601) Javanese
5330 (See code 9601) Malagasy
5340 (See code 9601) Sundanese
5400 5400 Filipino, Tagalog
5410 5410 Bisayan
5420 (See code 9601) Sebuano
5430 (See code 9601) Pangasinan
5440 5440 Llocano, Hocano
5450 (See code 9601) Bikol
5460 (See code 9601) Pampangan
5470 5470 Gorontalo
5480 (See code 9601) Palau
5501 (See code 9601) Micronesian
5502 (See code 9601) Carolinian
5503 5503 Chamorro, Guamanian
5504 (See code 9601) Gilbertese
5505 (See code 9601) Kusaiean
5506 (See code 9601) Marshallese
5507 (See code 9601) Mokilese
5508 (See code 9601) Mortlockese
5509 (See code 9601) Nauruan
5510 (See code 9601) Ponapean
5511 (See code 9601) Trukese
5512 (See code 9601) Ulithean, Fais
5513 (See code 9601) Woleai-Ulithi
5514 (See code 9601) Yapese
5520 (See code 9601) Melanesian
5521 (See code 9601) Polynesian
5522 5522 Samoan
5523 5523 Tongan
5524 (See code 9601) Niuean
5525 (See code 9601) Tokelauan
5526 (See code 9601) Fijian
5527 (See code 9601) Marquesan
5528 (See code 9601) Rarotongan
5529 (See code 9601) Maori
5530 (See code 9601) Nukuoro, Kapingarangan
5600 5600 Hawaiian
5700 5700 Arabic
5810 5810 Syriac, Aramaic, Chaldean
5900 5900 Hebrew, Israeli
6000 6000 Amharic, Ethiopian, etc.
6110 (See code 9601) Berber
6120 (See code 9601) Chadic, Hamitic, Hausa
6130 6130 Cushite, Beja, Somali
6300 (See code 9601) Nilotic
6301 (See code 9601) Nilo-Hamitic
6302 (See code 9601) Nubian
6303 (See code 9601) Saharan
6304 (See code 9601) Nilo-Saharan, Fur, Songhai
6305 (See code 9601) Khoisan
6306 (See code 9601) Sudanic
6307 6307 Bantu (many subheads)
6308 6308 Swahili
6309 6309 Mande
6310 6310 Fulani
6311 (See code 9601) Gur
6312 6312 Kru
6313 (See code 9601) Efik, Ibibio, Tiv
6314 6314 Mbum, Gbaya, Sango, Zande
6400 6400 African, n.s.
7110 (See code 9601 for 2000 5% sample) Aleut (ACS only)
7120 (See code 9601) Pacific Gulf Yupik
7130 (See code 9601) Eskimo
7140 (See code 9601) Inupik, Innuit
7150 (See code 9601) St. Lawrence Isl. Yupik
7160 7160 Yupik
7200 7200 (Includes 7201-7219) Algonquian
7201 (See code 7200) Arapaho
7202 (See code 7200) Atsina, Gros Ventre
7203 (See code 7200) Blackfoot
7204 (See code 7200) Cheyenne
7205 (See code 7200) Cree
7206 (See code 7200) Delaware, Lenni-Lenape
7207 (See code 7200) Fox, Sac
7208 (See code 7200) Kickapoo
7209 (See code 7200) Menomini
7210 (See code 7200) Metis, French Cree
7211 (See code 7200) Miami
7212 (See code 7200) Micmac
7213 (See code 7200) Ojibwa, Chippewa
7214 (See code 7200) Ottawa
7215 (See code 7200) Passamaquoddy, Malecite
7216 (See code 7200) Penobscot
7217 (See code 7200) Abnaki
7218 (See code 7200) Potawatomi
7219 (See code 7200) Shawnee
7300 (See code 9601) Salish, Flathead
7301 7301 Lower Chehalis
7302 (See code 9601) Upper Chehalis, Chelalis, Satsop
7303 (See code 9601) Clallam
7304 (See code 9601) Coeur d'Alene, Skitsamish
7305 (See code 9601) Columbia, Chelan, Wenatchee
7306 7306 Cowlitz
7307 7307 Nootsack
7308 (See code 9601) Okanogan
7309 (See code 9601) Puget Sound Salish
7310 (See code 9601) Quinault, Queets
7311 (See code 9601) Tillamook
7312 (See code 9601) Twana
7313 (See code 9601) Kalispel
7314 (See code 9601) Spokane
7400 (See code 9601) Athapascan
7401 (See code 9601) Ahtena
7402 (See code 9601) Han
7403 (See code 9601) Ingalit
7404 (See code 9601) Koyukon
7405 (See code 9601) Kuchin
7406 (See code 9601) Upper Kuskokwim
7407 (See code 9601) Tanaina
7408 7408 Tanana, Minto
7409 7409 Tanacross
7410 (See code 9601) Upper Tanana, Nabesena, Tetlin
7411 7411 Tutchone
7412 (See code 9601) Chasta Costa, Chetco, Coquille, Smith River Athapascan
7413 (See code 9601) Hupa
7420 7420 Apache
7421 (See code 9601) Jicarilla, Lipan
7422 (See code 9601) Chiricahua, Mescalero
7423 (See code 9601) San Carlos, Cibecue, White Mountain
7424 (See code 9601) Kiowa-Apache
7430 (See code 9601) Kiowa
7440 (See code 9601) Eyak
7450 (See code 9601) Other Athapascan-Eyak, Cahto, Mattole, Wailaki
7490 7490 Other Algonquin languages
7500 7500 Navajo
7610 (See code 9601) Klamath, Modoc
7620 (See code 9601) Nez Perce
7630 (See code 9601) Sahaptian, Celilo, Klikitat, Palouse, Tenino, Umatilla, Warm Springs, Yakima
7700 (See code 9601) Mountain Maidu, Maidu
7701 (See code 9601) Northwest Maidu, Concow
7702 (See code 9601) Southern Maidu, Nisenan
7703 (See code 9601) Coast Miwok, Bodega, Marin
7704 (See code 9601) Plains Miwok
7705 (See code 9601) Sierra Miwok, Miwok
7706 (See code 9601) Nomlaki, Tehama
7707 (See code 9601) Patwin, Colouse, Suisun
7708 (See code 9601) Wintun
7709 (See code 9601) Foothill North Yokuts
7710 (See code 9601) Tachi
7711 7711 Santiam, Calapooya, Wapatu
7712 (See code 9601) Siuslaw, Coos, Lower Umpqua
7713 (See code 9601) Tsimshian
7714 (See code 9601) Upper Chinook, Clackamas, Multnomah, Wasco, Wishram
7715 (See code 9601) Chinook Jargon
7800 (See code 9601) Zuni
7900 (See code 9601) Yuman
7910 7910 Upriver Yuman
7920 (See code 9601) Cocomaricopa
7930 (See code 9601) Mohave
7940 (See code 9601) Diegueno
7950 (See code 9601) Delta River Yuman
7960 7960 Upland Yuman
7970 (See code 9601) Havasupai
7980 (See code 9601) Walapai
7990 (See code 9601) Yavapai
8000 (See code 9601) Achumawi
8010 8010 Atsugewi
8020 (See code 9601) Karok
8030 (See code 9601) Pomo
8040 8040 Shastan
8050 (See code 9601) Washo
8060 (See code 9601) Chumash
8101 (See code 9601) Crow, Absaroke
8102 (See code 9601) Hidatsa
8103 (See code 9601) Mandan
8104 8104 Dakota, Lakota, Nakota, Sioux
8105 (See code 9601) Chiwere
8106 (See code 9601) Winnebago
8107 (See code 9601) Kansa, Kaw
8108 (See code 9601) Omaha
8109 (See code 9601) Osage
8110 (See code 9601) Ponca
8111 (See code 9601) Quapaw, Arkansas
8210 (See code 9601) Alabama
8220 8220 Choctaw, Chickasaw
8230 (See code 9601) Mikasuki
8240 8240 Hichita, Apalachicola
8250 (See code 9601) Koasati
8260 (See code 9601) Muskogee, Creek, Seminole
8300 8300 Keres
8400 (See code 9601) Iroquoian
8410 (See code 9601) Mohawk
8420 (See code 9601) Oneida
8430 (See code 9601) Onondaga
8440 (See code 9601) Cayuga
8450 (See code 9601) Seneca
8460 (See code 9601) Tuscarora
8470 (See code 9601) Wyandot, Huron
8480 8480 Cherokee
8500 (See code 9601) Caddoan
8510 (See code 9601) Arikara
8520 (See code 9601) Pawnee
8530 (See code 9601) Wichita
8601 (See code 9601) Comanche
8602 (See code 9601) Mono, Owens Valley Paiute
8603 (See code 9601) Paiute
8604 (See code 9601) Northern Paiute, Bannock, Num, Snake
8605 (See code 9601) Southern Paiute
8606 (See code 9601) Chemehuevi
8607 8607 Kawaiisu
8608 (See code 9601) Ute
8609 (See code 9601) Shoshoni
8610 8610 Panamint
8620 (See code 9601) Hopi
8630 (See code 9601) Cahuilla
8631 (See code 9601) Cupeno
8632 (See code 9601) Luiseno
8633 (See code 9601) Serrano
8640 (See code 9601) Tubatulabal
8700 (See code 9601) Pima, Papago
8800 (See code 9601) Yaqui
8810 (See code 9601) Sonoran n.e.c., Cahita, Guasave, Huichole, Nayit, Tarahumara
8910 (See code 9601) Aztecan, Mexicano, Nahua
9010 (See code 9601) Picuris, Northern Tiwa, Taos
9020 (See code 9601) Tiwa, Isleta
9030 (See code 9601) Sandia
9040 (See code 9601) Tewa, Hano, Hopi-Tewa, San Ildefonso, San Juan, Santa Clara
9050 (See code 9601) Towa
9100 (See code 7200) Wiyot
9101 (See code 7200) Yurok
9110 (See code 9601) Kwakiutl
9111 9111 Nootka
9111 9111  
9112 (See code 9601) Makah
9120 (See code 9601) Kutenai
9130 (See code 9601) Haida
9131 (See code 9601) Tlingit, Chilkat, Sitka, Tongass, Yakutat
9140 (See code 9601) Tonkawa
9150 (See code 9601) Yuchi
9160 (See code 9601) Chetemacha
9170 (See code 9601) Yuki
9171 9171 Wappo
9200 (See code 9601) Misumalpan
9210 (See code 9601) Mayan languages
9220 (See code 9601) Tarascan
9230 (See code 9601) Mapuche
9240 (See code 9601) Oto-Manguen
9250 (See code 9601) Quechua
9260 (See code 9601) Aymara
9270 (See code 9601) Arawakian
9280 (See code 9601) Chibchan
9290 (See code 9601) Tupi-Guarani
9300 (See code 9601) American Indian, n.s.
9601 9601 Other n.e.c.

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