1900 Occupations, 1950 Basis

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This page presents the 1900 sample's original classification of occupations into the 1950 census occupation coding scheme. These codes are recorded in the IPUMS variable OCC0050. The original 1900 sample coded occupations directly into the 1950 classification, adding an extra digit for additional detail. In addition to this unique 1900 system, the IPUMS codes all census years (including 1900) into the 3-digit 1950 occupation classification scheme, recording them in the variable OCC1950. In 1900, the OCC1950 codes are derived from OCC0050. The 3-digit OCC1950 classification has corresponding income and status measures recorded in the variables SEI and OCCSCORE.

Occupation Category
PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL SALES WORKERS LABORERS, EXCEPT FARM AND MINE
AGRICULTURAL CRAFTSMEN, FOREMEN, AND KINDRED WORKERS MISCELLANEOUS
MANAGERS, OFFICIALS, AND PROPRIETORS, EXCEPT FARM OPERATIVES AND KINDRED WORKERS NON-OCCUPATIONAL RESPONSES
CLERICAL AND KINDRED WORKERS SERVICE WORKERS

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL

0010
Accountants and auditors
0020
Actors and actresses
0030
Architects
0040
Artists and art teachers
0050
Athletes
0060
Authors
0070
Chemists
0090
Clergymen
0100
College presidents and deans
0310
Dancers and dancing teachers
0320
Dentists
0330
Designers
0350
Draftsmen
0360
Editors and reporters
0430
Engineers, civil
0440
Engineers, electrical
0460
Engineers, mechanical
0480
Engineers, mining
0510
Entertainers
0530
Foresters and conservationists
0540
Funeral directors and embalmers
0550
Lawyers and judges
0560
Librarians
0570
Musicians and music teachers
0580
Nurses, professional
0680
Physicists
0690
Miscellaneous natural scientists
0730
Pharmacists
0740
Photographers
0750
Physicians and surgeons
0780
Religious workers
0840
Miscellaneous social scientists
0910
Sports instructors and officials
0920
Surveyors
0930
Teachers, n.e.c.
0960
Technicians
0970
Therapists and healers
0980
Veterinarians
0990
Other professional/technical

AGRICULTURAL

1000
Farmers (owners and tenants)
1230
Farm managers
1500
Farm foremen
1600
Farm laborers, wage workers
1700
Farm laborers, family workers

MANAGERS, OFFICIALS, AND PROPRIETORS, EXCEPT FARM

2010
Buyers and department heads
2020
Buyers and shippers, farm products
2030
Conductors
2040
Credit men
2050
Floormen and floor managers, store

Inspectors, public administration:

2102
Inspectors, state
2103
Inspectors, local
2400
Officers, pilots, pursers, and engineers, ship

Officials and administrators, n.e.c., public administration:

2501
Officials, federal
2502
Officials, state
2503
Officials, local
2600
Officials, lodge, society, union, etc.
2700
Postmasters

Managers, n.e.c.:

2911
Managers -- construction
2912
Managers -- manufacturing
2913
Managers -- transportation
2914
Managers -- utilities
2916
Managers -- finance-banking
2917
Managers -- finance-insurance
2919
Managers -- services-personal
2921
Managers -- miscellaneous
2940
Managers -- wholesale trade
2951
Managers -- retail-food
2952
Managers -- retail-general merchandise
2953
Managers -- retail-clothing
2954
Managers -- retail-furniture
2956
Managers -- retail-restaurant
2957
Managers -- retail-lumber/hardware
2958
Managers -- retail-drugs/liquor
2990
Managers -- unclassified

CLERICAL AND KINDRED WORKERS

3010
Agents, n.e.c.
3020
Attendants and assistants, library
3040
Baggagemen, transportation
3050
Bank tellers
3100
Bookkeepers
3200
Cashiers
3210
Collectors, bill and account
3220
Dispatchers and starters, vehicle
3250
Express messengers and railway mail clerks
3350
Mail carriers
3400
Messengers and office boys
3410
Office machine operators
3420
Shipping and receiving clerks
3500
Stenographers, typists, and secretaries
3600
Telegraph messengers
3650
Telegraph operators
3700
Telephone operators
3800
Ticket, station, and express agents
3900
Clerical and kindred workers, n.e.c.

SALES WORKERS

4050
Advertising agents and salesmen
4100
Auctioneers
4300
Hucksters and peddlers
4500
Insurance agents and brokers
4600
Newsboys
4700
Real estate agents and brokers

Salesmen and sales clerks, n.e.c.:

4902
Salesmen, wholesale
4903
Salesmen, retail
4904
Salesmen, n.e.c. or n.s.

CRAFTSMEN, FOREMEN, AND KINDRED WORKERS

5010
Bakers
5020
Blacksmiths
5030
Bookbinders
5040
Boilermakers
5050
Brickmasons, stonemasons, and tile setters
5060
Cabinetmakers
5100
Carpenters
5120
Compositors & typesetters
5130
Cranemen, derrickmen, and hoistmen
5150
Electricians
5200
Electrotypers and stereotypers
5210
Engravers, except photoengravers

Foremen, n.e.c.:

5241
Foremen, manufacturing-metals
5242
Foremen, manufacturing-transport
5243
Foremen, manufacturing-other
5244
Foremen, manufacturing-miscellaneous
5246
Foremen, manufacturing-textiles
5247
Foremen, manufacturing-food/paper
5248
Foremen, manufacturing-n.s.
5251
Foremen, construction
5253
Foremen, railroads
5254
Foremen, other transportation
5256
Foremen, utilities
5257
Foremen, other
5259
Foremen, n.s.
5280
Furriers
5300
Glaziers
5320
Inspectors, scalers, and graders, log and lumber
5332
Inspectors, railroads
5333
Inspectors, transportation and utilities
5336
Inspectors, other
5340
Jewelers, watchmakers, goldsmiths, and silversmiths
5400
Linemen and servicemen, telegraph, telephone, and power
5410
Locomotive engineers
5420
Locomotive firemen
5430
Loom fixers
5440
Machinists
5530
Mechanics and repairmen, railroad and car shop
5540
Mechanics and repairmen, n.e.c.
5550
Millers, grain, flour, feed, etc.
5600
Millwrights
5610
Molders, metal
5630
Opticians and lens grinders and polishers
5640
Painters, construction and maintenance
5650
Paperhangers
5700
Pattern and model makers, except paper
5710
Photoengravers and lithographers
5720
Piano and organ tuners and repairmen
5730
Plasterers
5740
Plumbers and pipefitters
5750
Pressmen and plate printers, printing
5810
Roofers and slaters
5820
Shoemakers and repairers, except factory
5830
Stationary engineers
5840
Stonecutters and carvers
5850
Structural metal workers
5900
Tailors and tailoresses
5910
Tinsmiths, coppersmiths, and sheet metal workers
5930
Upholsterers
5940
Craftsmen and kindred workers, n.e.c.

OPERATIVES AND KINDRED WORKERS

6020
Apprentice carpenters
6030
Apprentice electricians
6040
Apprentice machinists and toolmakers
6100
Apprentice plumbers and pipefitters
6120
Apprentices, metalworking trades
6130
Apprentices, printing
6140
Apprentices, other trades
6150
Apprentices, n.s.
6230
Boatmen, canalmen, and lock keepers
6240
Brakemen, railroad
6300
Chainmen, rodmen, and axmen, surveying
6310
Conductors, bus and street railway
6320
Deliverymen and routemen
6330
Dressmakers and seamstresses
6350
Filers, grinders, and polishers, metal
6400
Fruit, nut, and vegetable graders and packers, except factory
6410
Furnacemen, smeltermen, and pourers
6420
Heaters, metal
6430
Laundry and dry-cleaning operatives
6440
Meat cutters, except slaughter and packing house
6450
Milliners

Mine operatives and laborers:

6501
Miners, coal
6502
Miners, oil and gas
6503
Miners, other
6504
Miners, n.s.
6610
Motormen, street, subway, and elevated railway
6620
Oilers and greasers
6700
Painters, except construction and maintenance
6730
Sailors and deckhands
6740
Sawyers
6750
Spinners, textile
6800
Stationary firemen
6810
Switchmen, railroad
6820
Taxi drivers and chauffeurs
6840
Weavers, textile
6850
Welders and flamecutters

Operatives, n.e.c.:

6906
Operatives, sawmill
6907
Operatives, other wood products
6908
Operatives, furniture
6911
Operatives, glass
6913
Operatives, structural clay
6914
Operatives, pottery
6916
Operatives, steel works
6917
Operatives, other iron and steel
6918
Operatives, primary nonferrous metals
6921
Operatives, fabricated steel
6922
Operatives, fabricated non-ferrous metals
6923
Operatives, metal industry, not further specified
6927
Operatives, office machine manufacturing
6928
Operatives, miscellaneous machine manufacturing
6931
Operatives, shipbuilding
6932
Operatives, railroad equipment manufacturing
6936
Operatives, professional equipment manufacturing
6938
Operatives, watch manufacturing
6941
Operatives, miscellaneous stone products
6942
Operatives, electric machine manufacturing
6944
Operatives, miscellaneous manufacturing
6946
Operatives, meat products
6947
Operatives, dairy products
6948
Operatives, canning/preserving
6949
Operatives, grain-mill products
6951
Operatives, bakery products
6952
Operatives, confectionery products
6953
Operatives, beverage industry
6954
Operatives, miscellaneous food products
6956
Operatives, knitting mills
6957
Operatives, dyeing-finishing
6958
Operatives, carpets/rugs
6959
Operatives, yarns/thread mills
6961
Operatives, miscellaneous textile products
6962
Operatives, apparel manufacturing
6963
Operatives, miscellaneous fabric and textiles
6966
Operatives, pulp and paper mills
6967
Operatives, paper boxes and containers
6968
Operatives, miscellaneous paper products
6969
Operatives, printing and publishing
6971
Operatives, petroleum refining
6973
Operates, rubber products
6976
Operatives, leather industry
6977
Operatives, footwear
6978
Operatives, other leather products
6986
Operatives, tobacco industry
6987
Operatives, chemical products
6989
Operatives, manufacturing, n.s.
6991
Operatives, construction
6992
Operatives, railroads
6993
Operatives, other transportation
6994
Operatives, utilities
6995
Operatives, trade
6996
Operatives, business services
6997
Operatives, public administration
6998
Operatives, other
6999
Operatives, n.s.

SERVICE WORKERS

7150
Housekeepers, private household
7200
Laundresses, private household
7250
Private household workers, n.e.c.
7310
Attendants, hospitals and other institutions
7320
Attendants, professional and personal service, n.e.c.
7400
Barbers, beauticians, and manicurists
7500
Bartenders
7510
Bootblacks
7520
Boarding and lodging house keepers
7530
Charwomen and cleaners
7540
Cooks, except private household
7610
Elevator operators
7620
Firemen, fire protection
7630
Guards, watchmen, and doorkeepers
7640
Housekeepers and stewards, except private household
7700
Janitors and sextons
7710
Marshals and constables
7720
Midwives
7730
Policemen and detectives
7800
Porters
7810
Practical nurses
7820
Sheriffs and bailiffs
7840
Waiters and waitresses
7850
Watchmen (crossing) and bridge tenders
7900
Service workers, except private household

LABORERS, EXCEPT FARM AND MINE

8100
Fishermen and oystermen
8200
Garage laborers and car washers and greasers
8300
Gardeners, except farm, and groundskeepers
8400
Longshoremen and stevedores
8500
Lumbermen, raftsmen, and woodchoppers
8600
Teamsters

Laborers:

8706
Laborers, sawmills
8707
Laborers, other wood products
8708
Laborers, furniture
8711
Laborers, glass products
8712
Laborers, cement products
8713
Laborers, structural clay
8714
Laborers, pottery products
8716
Laborers, steel works
8717
Laborers, other iron and steel
8718
Laborers, primary non-ferrous metals
8721
Laborers, fabricated steel
8723
Laborers, metal industry, not further specified
8728
Laborers, machinery manufacturing
8732
Laborers, railroad equipment manufacturing
8738
Laborers, watchmakers
8741
Laborers, miscellaneous non-metal products
8744
Laborers, miscellaneous manufacturing industries
8746
Laborers, meat products
8747
Laborers, dairy products
8748
Laborers, canning
8749
Laborers, grain-mill
8752
Laborers, confectionery products
8753
Laborers, beverage industry
8754
Laborers, miscellaneous food preparation
8756
Laborers, knitting mills
8757
Laborers, dyeing textiles
8759
Laborers, yarn-thread mills
8761
Laborers, miscellaneous textile products
8762
Laborers, apparel manufacturing
8766
Laborers, pulp and paper products
8771
Laborers, petroleum refining
8773
Laborers, rubber products
8776
Laborers, leather manufacturing
8777
Laborers, leather footwear
8778
Laborers, leather products, n.e.c.
8786
Laborers, tobacco products
8787
Laborers, chemical products
8789
Laborers, manufacturing, not further specified
8791
Laborers, construction
8792
Laborers, railroad
8793
Laborers, other transportation
8794
Laborers, utilities
8795
Laborers, trade
8796
Laborers, repair services
8797
Laborers, public administration
8798
Laborers, other
8799
Laborers, n.s.

MISCELLANEOUS

9031
Conductors, n.s.
9032
Railroad or railway employees, not further specified
9033
Government officials, level of government not specified
9046
Works, but occupation not codable
9047
Housekeepers and stewards, domestic residences

NON-OCCUPATIONAL RESPONSES

9061
School
9062
Housewife
9063
Retired
9064
Landlord
9066
Invalid (physical or mental)
9067
Inmate
9068
Nun
9069
Other non-occupational responses
9071
Military
9072
Capitalist
9076
Child labor, farm
9077
Child labor, domestic
9078
Child labor, other
9998
Illegible
9999
No occupation reported

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