- Questionnaire Text
- Source Variables
- Editing Procedure
INCEARN reports income earned from wages or a person's own business or farm for the previous year. The censuses collected information on income received from these sources during the previous calendar year; for the ACS and the PRCS, the reference period was the past 12 months. The value of INCEARN is the total for the IPUMS variables INCWAGE, INCBUS, and INCFARM (for 1990) and for INCWAGE and INCBUS00 (for the 2000 census, the ACS, and the PRCS). Note that these components of INCEARN are themselves already Top coded. See those variables for further discussion. Because the universe for those variables is age 16+, all persons under age 16 have a value of 0 for INCEARN.
Amounts are expressed in contemporary dollars, and users studying change over time must adjust for inflation (See INCTOT for Consumer Price Index adjustment factors). The exception is the ACS/PRCS multi-year files, where all dollar amounts have been standardized to dollars as valued in the final year of data included in the file (e.g., 2007 dollars for the 2005-2007 3-year file). Additionally, more detail may be available than exists in the original ACS samples.
User Note: ACS respondents are surveyed throughout the year, and amounts do not reflect calendar year dollars. While the Census Bureau provides an adjustment factor (available in ADJUST), this is an imperfect solution. See the ACS income variables note for further details.
INCEARN is a 7-digit numeric variable reporting income earned from wages or a person's own business or farm for the previous year. INCEARN specific variable codes for missing, edited, or unidentified observations, observations not applicable (N/A), observations not in universe (NIU), top and bottom value coding, etc. are provided below by Census year (and data sample if specified).
User Note: Amounts are expressed in contemporary dollars, and users studying change over time must adjust for inflation (See Description).
INCEARN Specific Variable Codes
0000000 = No earnings
0000001 = $1 or break even (2000, 2005-2007 ACS and PRCS)
|Census||Bottom Code||Top Code|
|2000||-$10,000||See Constituent Variables|
|ACS||-$9,999||See Constituent Variables|
|PRCS||-$9,999||See Constituent Variables|