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MIGPLAC1
State or country of residence 1 year ago

Description

MIGPLAC1 reports the U.S. state or the foreign country where the respondent was living 1 year ago.

Codes and Frequencies



Can't find the category you are looking for? Try the Detailed codes

Comparability

The ACS and PRCS provide significantly less detail than is available for 1950 (see Migration Codes for ACS). In the ACS, several categories specified different content from that suggested by the label of the IPUMS category in which they are coded.

  • 457 "Yugoslavia" is "Bosnia and Herzegovina"
  • 465 "USSR" is "Russia"
  • 710 "Pacific Islands" is "Other Australia and Oceania and at Sea" and therefore includes other places not implied by its location in the classification scheme.

The coding scheme for MIGPLAC1 for 1950 is nearly identical to that for birthplace (BPL). However, since MIGPLAC1 is a three-column variable and BPL is five columns, some differences were unavoidable. The following areas do not have the same general code in MIGPLAC1 as in BPL:

 Territory    MIGPLAC    BPL  
  English Canada    151     150 10-70  
 French Canada    152    150 80-83  
 Belize    211    210 10  
 Costa Rica    212    210 20  
 El Salvador    213    210 30  
 Guatemala    214    210 40  
 Honduras    215    210 50  
 Nicaragua    216    210 60  
 Panama    217    210 70  
 Canal Zone    218    210 71  
 Central America, ns    219    210 90  
 Dominican Republic    261    260 10  
 Haiti    262    260 20  
 Jamaica    263    260 30  
 British West Indies    264    260 40-69  
 Trinidad & Tobago    266    260 60  
 Other West Indies    267    260 70-95  
 Argentina    305    300 05  
 Bolivia    310    300 10  
 Brazil    315    300 15  
 Chile    320    300 20  
 Colombia    325    300 25  
 Ecuador    330    300 30  
 Paraguay    345    300 45  
 Peru    350    300 50  
 Uruguay    360    300 60  
 Venezuela    365    300 65  
 South America, ns    390    300 90  
 Northern Ireland    415    414 10  
 Dodecanese Islands    434    433 10  
 Italy    435    434 00  
 Azores    437    436 10  
 Byelorussia    496    465 10  
 Ukraine    498    465 30  
 Pakistan    525    521 40  
 Northern Africa    610    600 10-19  
 Egypt/UAR    612    600 12  
 Central Africa    670    600 70-82  
 Southern Africa    690    600 90-96  
 South Africa    694    600 94  
 Africa, ns/nec    699    600 99  
 Australia    701    700 10-12  
 New Zealand    702    700 20  
 US Pacific Trust    715    710 40-49  
 Abroad, ns    911    900 10  
 At sea    912    900 20  

MIGPLAC5 provides analogous information on state or country of residence five years ago, for the 1940 and 1970-2000 censuses.

Universe

  • 1950: Sample-line persons age 1+.
  • ACS, PRCS: Persons age 1+ who lived in different house 1 year ago.

Availability

United States
  • 2016: All samples
  • 2015: All samples
  • 2014: All samples
  • 2013: All samples
  • 2012: All samples
  • 2011: All samples
  • 2010: ACS; ACS 3yr; ACS 5yr
  • 2009: All samples
  • 2008: All samples
  • 2007: All samples
  • 2006: All samples
  • 2005: All samples
  • 2004: All samples
  • 2003: All samples
  • 2002: All samples
  • 2001: All samples
  • 2000: ACS
  • 1990: --
  • 1980: --
  • 1970: --
  • 1960: --
  • 1950: All samples
  • 1940: --
  • 1930: --
  • 1920: --
  • 1910: --
  • 1900: --
  • 1880: --
  • 1870: --
  • 1860: --
  • 1850: --
Puerto Rico
  • 2016: All samples
  • 2015: All samples
  • 2014: All samples
  • 2013: All samples
  • 2012: All samples
  • 2011: All samples
  • 2010: PRCS; PRCS 3yr; PRCS 5yr
  • 2009: All samples
  • 2008: All samples
  • 2007: All samples
  • 2006: All samples
  • 2005: All samples
  • 2000: --
  • 1990: --
  • 1980: --
  • 1970: --
  • 1930: --
  • 1920: --
  • 1910: --

Flags

QMIGPLC1 

Editing Procedure


MIGRATE1 (Migration status, 1 year) MIGPUMA1 (PUMA of residence 1 year ago) MIGPLAC1 (State of country of residence 1 year ago)

ACS Years: 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015

ACS editing procedure:

Migration status

If migration status (MIGRATE1) is "Same as person 1" (an option on CATI/CAPI), MIGRATE1 and MIGPUMA1 and MIGPLAC1 will be replaced with the values from person 1. If there is no person 1, MIGRATE1 will be replaced with a missing value. Starting in 2008, if person 1 has this response, MIGRATE1 and MIGPUMA1 and MIGPLAC1 will be replaced with the values from the first person in the household with either "No, outside the United States and Puerto Rico" or "No, different house in the United States or Puerto Rico" for MIGRATE1.

If a person is under 1 year old, MIGRATE1 will be replaced with "Not in universe."

If a person is 1 or older, reports their migration status as "Not reported" "Person is under year old" "No, outside the U.S." or "No, unspecified" and MIGPLAC1 is a U.S. state, MIGRATE1 will be replaced with "No, different house in the U.S." If MIGPLAC1 is Puerto Rico, MIGRATE1 will be replaced with "No, different house in Puerto Rico or the U.S."

If a person is 1 or older, reports their migration status as "Not reported" "Person is under year old" "No, different house in the U.S." or "No, unspecified", current state of residence is in the U.S., and MIGPLAC1 is outside the U.S., MIGRATE1 will be replaced with "No, outside the U.S." If a person is 1 or older, reports their migration status as "Not reported" "Person is under year old" "No, different house in Puerto Rico or the U.S." or "No, unspecified", current state of residence is Puerto Rico., and MIGPLAC1 is outside the U.S., MIGRATE1 will be replaced with "No, outside Puerto Rico or the U.S."

If a person is 1 or older, reports their migration status as "Person is under year old" or "No, unspecified" and MIGPLAC1 is not reported, MIGRATE1 will be replaced with "Not reported."

If a person is 1 or older, does not report a value for MIGRATE1 or MIGPLAC1, is the reference person or their spouse, and MOVEDIN indicates they moved in the past 12 months, MIGRATE1 will be replaced with "No, different house in the United States." If MOVEDIN was not within the past year, but there is a spouse or a son/daughter (aged 1-18) with a value of MIGRATE1, that value will be assigned to the reference person or the spouse. For the reference person - if MIGRATE1 is still missing, it will be allocated from another reference person with a similar value for RACE, AGE, EMPSTAT, EDUC, and METRO. For the spouse of the reference person - if MIGRATE1 is still missing, it will be replaced with the reference person's value.

If a person is between 1 and 18, does not report a value for MIGRATE1 or MIGPLAC1, is the child of the reference person, and MOVEDIN indicates they moved in the past 12 months, MIGRATE1 will be replaced with "No, different house in the United States." If MOVEDIN was not within the past year, but there is a female spouse of the reference person with a value of MIGRATE1, that value will be assigned to the child of the reference person. If there is not a female spouse of the reference person, MIGRATE1 will be replaced with the reference person's value.

For a person who is 1 or older, is not the spouse or child (age 18 and under) of the reference person, and does not report a value for MIGRATE1 or MIGPLAC1, MIGRATE1 will be allocated from another person with a similar value for RACE, AGE, EMPSTAT, EDUC, and METRO.

Migration state and PUMA

If a person is not in universe for MIGRATE1, they are also not in universe for MIGPUMA1 and

MIGPLAC1.

If the reference person does not report a value for MIGPLAC1 or MIGPUMA1 and there is a spouse or child (age 1-18) in the household with the same value as the reference person for MIGRATE1 who has a value for MIGPLAC1 or MIGPUMA1, that value will be assigned to the reference person. If the value is still missing it will be allocated. For those who report moving from within the U.S., the allocated value will be drawn from another person with a similar value for MIGRATE1, BPL, RACE, AGE, EMPSTAT, EDUC, and METRO. For those who report moving from outside the U.S., the allocated value will be drawn from another person with a similar value for MIGRATE1, HISPAN, RACE, AGE, and EMPSTAT.

If the spouse of the reference person does not report a value for MIGPLAC1 or MIGPUMA1 but the reference person does and has the same value for MIGRATE1 as the spouse, the reference person's value of MIGPLAC1 and MIGPUMA1 value will be assigned to the spouse of the reference person. If there is a child of the reference person who is 1-18 with the same value of MIGRATE1 as the spouse, their values of MIGPLAC1 and MIGPUMA1 will be assigned to the spouse of the reference person. If MIGPLAC1 and MIGPUMA1 are still missing, they will be allocated. For those who report moving from outside the U.S., the allocated value will be drawn from another person with a similar value for MIGRATE1, HISPAN, RACE, AGE, and EMPSTAT. For those who report moving from within the U.S., the allocated value will be drawn from another person with a similar value for MIGRATE1, BPL, RACE, AGE, EMPSTAT, EDUC, and METRO.

If the child (age 1-18) of the reference person does not report a value for MIGPLAC1 or MIGPUMA1 but the reference person, the reference person's spouse, or another child of the reference person does, and has this person has same value for MIGRATE1 as the child, this person's value of MIGPLAC1 and MIGPUMA1 will be assigned to the child of the reference person. If MIGPLAC1 and MIGPUMA1 are still missing, they will be allocated. For those who report moving from outside the U.S., the allocated value will be drawn from another person with a similar value for MIGRATE1, HISPAN, RACE, AGE, and EMPSTAT. For those who report moving from within the U.S., the allocated value will be drawn from another person with a similar value for MIGRATE1, BPL, RACE, AGE, EMPSTAT, EDUC, and METRO.

For a person who is 1 or older, is not the spouse or child (age 18 and under) of the reference person, and does not report a value for MIGPLAC1 or MIGPUMA1, it will be allocated. For those who report moving from outside the U.S., the allocated value will be drawn from another person with a similar value for MIGRATE1, HISPAN, RACE, AGE, and EMPSTAT. For those who report moving from within the U.S., the allocated value will be drawn from another person with a similar value for MIGRATE1, BPL, RACE, AGE, EMPSTAT, EDUC, and METRO.

The same logic outlines in the steps above also applies when a person leaves the U.S. state they migrated from unspecified. If the immigrated from abroad, if no relative has a value for MIGPLAC1, a person's reported place of birth (BPL) will be assigned for MIGPLAC1. If that step fails, then the value be allocated.

The same steps also apply to disentangle the minor civil divisions within New York City or when other smaller geographic areas are not reported (small geographic areas are not publicly available in PUMS data).

Flags

The flag variables will indicate when the values are allocated: QMIGRAT1, QMIGPLC1