1960 Occupation Codes

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This page presents the 1960 census occupational classification system recorded in the IPUMS variable OCC. The page shows each occupation category and its corresponding OCC code. The occupations are organized into several large groupings of roughly descending socioeconomic status (e.g., professionals). In addition to this contemporary system, the IPUMS codes all census years into the 1950 occupation classification scheme, recording them in the variable OCC1950. A parallel variable called OCC1990, available for the samples from 1950 onward, codes occupations into a simplified version of the 1990 occupational coding scheme. The OCC1950 and OCC1990 classifications have corresponding occupational standing measures recorded in the variables SEI, HWSEI, NPBOSS50, NPBOSS90, PRESGL, PRENT, EDSCOR50, EDSCOR90, ERSCOR50, ERSCOR90, and OCCSCORE. Our essay on "Integrated Occupation and Industry codes and Occupational Standing Variables in the IPUMS" describes how we construct harmonized occupational variables as well as occupational standing variables.

Occupation Category
PROFESSIONAL, TECHNICAL, AND KINDRED WORKERS CRAFTSMEN, FOREMEN, AND KINDRED WORKERS LABORERS, EXCEPT FARM AND MINE
FARMERS AND FARM MANAGERS OPERATIVES AND KINDRED WORKERS N/A (NOT APPLICABLE)
MANAGERS, OFFICIALS, AND PROPRIETORS, EXCEPT FARM PRIVATE HOUSEHOLD WORKERS OCCUPATION NOT REPORTED
CLERICAL AND KINDRED WORKERS SERVICE WORKERS, EXCEPT PRIVATE HOUSEHOLD
SALES WORKERS FARM LABORERS AND FOREMEN

PROFESSIONAL, TECHNICAL, AND KINDRED WORKERS

000
Accountants and auditors
010
Actors and actresses
012
Airplane pilots and navigators
013
Architects
014
Artists and art teachers
015
Athletes
020
Authors
021
Chemists
022
Chiropractors
023
Clergymen


College presidents, professors, and instructors, n.e.c.:
030
College presidents and deans
031
Professors and instructors, agricultural sciences
032
Professors and instructors, biological sciences
034
Professors and instructors, chemistry
035
Professors and instructors, economics
040
Professors and instructors, engineering
041
Professors and instructors, geology and geophysics
042
Professors and instructors, mathematics
043
Professors and instructors, medical sciences
045
Professors and instructors, physics
050
Professors and instructors, psychology
051
Professors and instructors, statistics
052
Professors and instructors, natural sciences, n.e.c.
053
Professors and instructors, social sciences, n.e.c.
054
Professors and instructors, nonscientific subjects
060
Professors and instructors, subject not specified
070
Dancers and dancing teachers
071
Dentists
072
Designers
073
Dietitians and nutritionists
074
Draftsmen
075
Editors and reporters
080
Engineers, aeronautical
081
Engineers, chemical
082
Engineers, civil
083
Engineers, electrical
084
Engineers, industrial
085
Engineers, mechanical
090
Engineers, metallurgical, and metallurgists
091
Engineers, mining
092
Engineers, sales
093
Engineers, n.e.c.
101
Entertainers, n.e.c.
102
Farm and home management advisors
103
Foresters and conservationists
104
Funeral directors and embalmers
105
Lawyers and judges
111
Librarians
120
Musicians and music teachers


Natural scientists, n.e.c.:
130
Agricultural scientists
131
Biological scientists
134
Geologists and geophysicists
135
Mathematicians
140
Physicists
145
Miscellaneous natural scientists
150
Nurses, professional
151
Nurses, student professional
152
Optometrists
153
Osteopaths
154
Personnel and labor relations workers
160
Pharmacists
161
Photographers
162
Physicians and surgeons
163
Public relations men and publicity writers
164
Radio operators
165
Recreation and group workers
170
Religious workers
171
Social and welfare workers, except group


Social scientists:
172
Economists
173
Psychologists
174
Statisticians and actuaries
175
Miscellaneous social scientists
180
Sports instructors and officials
181
Surveyors
182
Teachers, elementary schools
183
Teachers, secondary schools
184
Teachers, n.e.c.
185
Technicians, medical and dental
190
Technicians, electrical and electronic
191
Technicians, other engineering and physical sciences
192
Technicians, n.e.c.
193
Therapists and healers, n.e.c.
194
Veterinarians
195
Professional, technical, and kindred workers, n.e.c.

FARMERS AND FARM MANAGERS (see also codes 901-905)

200
Farmers (owners and tenants)
222
Farm managers

MANAGERS, OFFICIALS, AND PROPRIETORS, EXCEPT FARM

250
Buyers and department heads, store
251
Buyers and shippers, farm products
252
Conductors, railroad
253
Credit men
254
Floor men and floor managers, store
260
Inspectors, public administration
262
Managers and superintendents, building
265
Officers, pilots, pursers, and engineers, ship
270
Officials and administrators, n.e.c., public administration
275
Officials, lodge, society, union, etc.
280
Postmasters
285
Purchasing agents and buyers, n.e.c.
290
Managers, officials, and proprietors, n.e.c.

CLERICAL AND KINDRED WORKERS

301
Agents, n.e.c.
302
Attendants and assistants, library
303
Attendants, physician's and dentist's office
304
Baggagemen, transportation
305
Bank tellers
310
Bookkeepers
312
Cashiers
313
Collectors, bill and account
314
Dispatchers and starters, vehicle
315
Express messengers and railway mail clerks
320
File clerks
321
Insurance adjusters, examiners, and investigators
323
Mail carriers
324
Messengers and office boys
325
Office machine operators
333
Payroll and timekeeping clerks
340
Postal clerks
341
Receptionists
342
Secretaries
343
Shipping and receiving clerks
345
Stenographers
350
Stock clerks and storekeepers
351
Telegraph messengers
352
Telegraph operators
353
Telephone operators
354
Ticket, station, and express agents
360
Typists
370
Clerical and kindred workers, n.e.c.

SALES WORKERS

380
Advertising agents and salesmen
381
Auctioneers
382
Demonstrators
383
Hucksters and peddlers
385
Insurance agents, brokers, and underwriters
390
Newsboys
393
Real estate agents and brokers
394
Salesmen and sales clerks, n.e.c.
395
Stock and bond salesmen

CRAFTSMEN, FOREMEN, AND KINDRED WORKERS

401
Bakers
402
Blacksmiths
403
Boilermakers
404
Bookbinders
405
Brickmasons, stonemasons, and tile setters
410
Cabinetmakers
411
Carpenters
413
Cement and concrete finishers
414
Compositors and typesetters
415
Cranemen, derrickmen, and hoistmen
420
Decorators and window dressers
421
Electricians
423
Electrotypers and stereotypers
424
Engravers, except photoengravers
425
Excavating, grading, and machinery operators
430
Foremen, n.e.c.
431
Forgemen and hammermen
432
Furriers
434
Glaziers
435
Heat treaters, annealers, and temperers
444
Inspectors, scalers, and graders, log and lumber
450
Inspectors, n.e.c.
451
Jewelers, watchmakers, goldsmiths, and silversmiths
452
Job setters, metal
453
Linemen and servicemen, telegraph, telephone, and power
454
Locomotive engineers
460
Locomotive firemen
461
Loom fixers
465
Machinists
470
Mechanics and repairmen, air conditioning, heating, and refrigeration
471
Mechanics and repairmen, airplane
472
Mechanics and repairmen, automobile
473
Mechanics and repairmen, office machine
474
Mechanics and repairmen, radio and television
475
Mechanics and repairmen, railroad and car shop
480
Mechanics and repairmen, n.e.c.
490
Millers, grain, flour, feed, etc.
491
Millwrights
492
Molders, metal
493
Motion picture projectionists
494
Opticians, and lens grinders and polishers
495
Painters, construction and maintenance
501
Paperhangers
502
Pattern and model makers, except paper
503
Photoengravers and lithographers
504
Piano and organ tuners and repairmen
505
Plasterers
510
Plumbers and pipe fitters
512
Pressmen and plate printers, printing
513
Rollers and roll hands, metal
514
Roofers and slaters
515
Shoemakers and repairers, except factory
520
Stationary engineers
521
Stone cutters and stone carvers
523
Structural metal workers
524
Tailors and tailoresses
525
Tinsmiths, coppersmiths, and sheet metal workers
530
Toolmakers, and die makers and setters
535
Upholsterers
545
Craftsmen and kindred workers, n.e.c.
555
Former members of the armed forces

OPERATIVES AND KINDRED WORKERS

601
Apprentice auto mechanics
602
Apprentice bricklayers and masons
603
Apprentice carpenters
604
Apprentice electricians
605
Apprentice machinists and toolmakers
610
Apprentice mechanics, except auto
612
Apprentice plumbers and pipe fitters
613
Apprentices, building trades, n.e.c.
614
Apprentices, metalworking trades, n.e.c.
615
Apprentices, printing trades
620
Apprentices, other specified trades
621
Apprentices, trade not specified
630
Asbestos and insulation workers
631
Assemblers
632
Attendants, auto service and parking
634
Blasters and powdermen
635
Boatmen, canalmen, and lock keepers
640
Brakemen, railroad
641
Bus drivers
642
Chainmen, rodmen, and axmen, surveying
643
Checkers, examiners, and inspectors, manufacturing
645
Conductors, bus and street railway
650
Deliverymen and routemen
651
Dressmakers and seamstresses, except factory
652
Dyers
653
Filers, grinders, and polishers, metal
654
Fruit, nut, and vegetable graders and packers, except factory
670
Furnacemen, smeltermen, and pourers
671
Graders and sorters, manufacturing
672
Heaters, metal
673
Knitters, loopers, and toppers, textile
674
Laundry and dry cleaning operatives
675
Meat cutters, except slaughter and packing house
680
Milliners
685
Mine operatives and laborers, n.e.c.
690
Motormen, mine, factory, logging camp, etc.
691
Motormen, street, subway, and elevated railway
692
Oilers and greasers, except auto
693
Packers and wrappers, n.e.c.
694
Painters, except construction and maintenance
695
Photographic process workers
701
Power station operators
703
Sailors and deck hands
704
Sawyers
705
Sewers and stitchers, manufacturing
710
Spinners, textile
712
Stationary firemen
713
Switchmen, railroad
714
Taxicab drivers and chauffeurs
715
Truck and tractor drivers
720
Weavers, textile
721
Welders and flame-cutters
775
Operatives and kindred workers, n.e.c.

PRIVATE HOUSEHOLD WORKERS

801
Baby sitters, private household
802
Housekeepers, private household
803
Laundresses, private household
804
Private household workers, n.e.c.

SERVICE WORKERS, EXCEPT PRIVATE HOUSEHOLD

810
Attendants, hospital and other institutions
812
Attendants, professional and personal service, n.e.c.
813
Attendants, recreation and amusement
814
Barbers
815
Bartenders
820
Bootblacks
821
Boarding and lodging housekeepers
823
Chambermaids and maids, except private household
824
Charwomen and cleaners
825
Cooks, except private household
830
Counter and fountain workers
831
Elevator operators
832
Housekeepers and stewards, except private household
834
Janitors and sexton
835
Kitchen workers, n.e.c., except private household
840
Midwives
841
Porters
842
Practical nurses
843
Hairdressers and cosmetologists


Protective service workers:
850
Firemen, fire protection
851
Guards, watchmen, and doorkeepers
852
Marshals and constables
853
Policemen and detectives
854
Sheriffs and bailiffs
860
Watchmen (crossing) and bridge tenders
874
Ushers, recreation and amusement
875
Waiters and waitresses
890
Service workers, except private household, n.e.c.

FARM LABORERS AND FOREMEN (see also codes 200 and 222)

901
Farm foremen
902
Farm laborers, wage workers
903
Farm laborers, unpaid family workers
905
Farm service laborers, self-employed

LABORERS, EXCEPT FARM AND MINE

960
Carpenters' helpers, except logging and mining
962
Fishermen and oystermen
963
Garage laborers, and car washers and greasers
964
Gardeners, except farm, and groundskeepers
965
Longshoremen and stevedores
970
Lumbermen, raftsmen, and woodchoppers
971
Teamsters
972
Truck drivers' helpers
973
Warehousemen, n.e.c.
985
Laborers, n.e.c.

N/A (NOT APPLICABLE)

990
Not applicable

OCCUPATION NOT REPORTED

995
Occupation not reported


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